Question: ginseng bonsai care
I recently got a ginseng bonsai at home, and I would like to have some information on how to look after it. I have no idea how old he was, however he was bought a year ago but he was kept at my father-in-law's house, which in this period pruned him without a precise criterion, when the hair became too thick. the bonsai is fine, but I noticed that the base has definitely risen since it was bought, discovering a good part that was buried before. moreover the vase seems to me quite large compared to the plant; Is repotting necessary to cut the roots that perhaps have grown too large? moreover in this period several small leaflets are coming out in each branch, must I prune it and pinch it or is it too late now?
I have read however that it is good not to cut the branches too big and that the repotting is not good together with the pruning because they are too stressful for the bonsai if executed together ... should I fertilize it in this period?
I wait for some advice, thanks in advance !!!
Answer: ginseng bonsai care
ficus is a widely used plant cultivated as bonsai, because it is a plant that can survive even in conditions that are not entirely suitable, even in low light and in a very dry climate, as in an apartment. It is an evergreen, which in nature reaches the size of a tree; cultivated in pot, ficus naturally tends to bonsaize, even without the care of the case. Repotting and the most drastic pruning are carried out in spring; being a strong and resistant plant, they can also be made simultaneously. If desired, it is also possible to prune in autumn, although unfortunately autumn pruning does not give a quick and prompt vegetative response, as is the case for spring pruning. The ideal is to wait until April of next year, and prepare to prune and repot, with light pruning of the roots. The pruning of the ficus generally spares the larger branches, because the wounds inflicted by the ai tend to heal badly, leaving obvious signs; remember in any case to cover the cuts with mastic for pruning, which prevents fungal diseases from penetrating the wood left alive. The shape of the bonsai you will have to choose it, among the various possible styles; spring pruning is practiced by removing the branches that develop crossed, facing the inside of the crown, the branches on the stem, the parallel branches or with upward development. The pinching of the sprouts instead is practiced all year; it is good, however, to avoid pinching the shoots as soon as they have developed: generally, a shoot is expected to have produced at least 5-6 leaves and then cut, leaving only two or three leaves; in this way the development of new buds and smaller foliage is promoted. The ficus bonsai pot must be shallow and not too wide; it is repotted using akadama mixed with a little universal soil, of excellent quality. Watering must be fairly regular, but to be provided only when the soil is well dry, because ficus tolerates drought well, while it fears water stagnation. If desired it is possible to water the plant by immersion, even only once a week, or even less in winter. The fertilizations will be regular, every 12-15 days, using a fertilizer for bonsai.
To have a plant that is always healthy and luxuriant, it is advisable to keep the ambient humidity high, by vaporizing the foliage, and placing the vase in a large saucer full of water, with the vase lifted by water by means of gravel or expanded clay. The exposure will always be bright, but semi-shaded, with a few hours of direct sunlight, during the coolest hours of the day.