Garden furniture

Vegetable irrigation

Vegetable irrigation



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General introduction


All types of vegetables and vegetables cannot live without water and must receive the right amount, especially to obtain products that grow quickly and are excellent to consume. Otherwise they will be fibrous and dry. In general, during the summer it is preferable to carry out the irrigation procedure at dawn, to avoid sudden temperature changes, so that the vegetables resist better to the heat of the following hours. In the winter and autumn seasons, instead, the mid-range of the morning should be preferred, because it is precisely in these hours that the water is not too cold. If the garden is made up of a soil composed mainly of sand, it will be frequently irrigated; otherwise a session every four days will be sufficient. In order not to cause suffering to the plants, especially the more delicate ones, it would be good to avoid the direct jet of water. It could also cause excessive liquid stagnation and promote the proliferation of fungi and bacteria. The most effective method is therefore the technique of lateral infiltration, which consists in administering water through the adjacent channels to the areas where the vegetables are planted; given that water is the main nutritional source in the plant world, it will be important to choose the most suitable one, checking that any streams present near the ground are not polluted. In addition, no watering must be carried out with drinking water since it contains an excessive amount of chlorine, which is harmful to plant health. Below, in addition to useful advice on the subject, the procedure for constructing an underground irrigation system, how to obtain drip irrigation and some other alternative methods will be indicated.

How to build an underground irrigation system



As can be seen from the introduction, one of the best methods to irrigate the garden is that which involves an underground plant. If you have a minimum of experience in bricolage, you can also make it at home. The first operation to do will be to carefully observe the ground and spread on a graph paper a plan in which the positioning points of the pipes and the relative irrigation fittings must be indicated. Secondly, it will be necessary to inform about the quantity and extent of water available and the pressorical value it is able to sustain. After collecting this preliminary information, you will have to proceed with the implementation. With a rather large spade the perimeter of the plant will be traced and then scavers along the path, going to touch a depth of about 40 cm. Inside the pipes will then be suitably arranged and fixed with screws, clamps and fittings. At this point it will be necessary to drill the mother pipe to be able to attach a concealed sprinkler, taking care to fix it by threading to the main pipe. After replacing the removed soil on site, a general check should be made on the plant's functionality.

The drip irrigation system



Another very effective way to irrigate the garden is through the drip system, as it allows water to be fed directly to the plants on their roots; moreover, it is also quite comfortable because this system is equipped with a practical timer, with which you can easily schedule irrigation schedules, saving time and effort. Also in this case it is possible to carry it out without the help of expert personnel. You will need to purchase the kit at a specialist DIY or gardening store. It includes a long flexible plastic tube, generally about sixty meters and the fittings to fix it and customize it according to different needs. At one end of the tube an onion device will then be installed which will turn the water jet into a light drizzle. If the enclosed instructions are correctly executed, the assembly work should be completed within a couple of hours. If desired, it is possible to place the pipe underground to improve the aesthetic appearance of the garden and gain more space. The drip system is also convenient because its precise planning is possible, thanks to the timer that allows you to start the irrigation session and turn it off automatically. The water supplied will fall drop by drop on the soil where the plants are sown, providing a slow and deep irrigation. Depending on the climate in the geographical area, waterings should be carried out one to two times a week, better early in the morning, for greater benefit of the vegetables. One of the most frequent problems of this type of plant concerns the nozzles, which sometimes become clogged due to sand or soil residues. It will be enough, however, to remove the debris from these sections for a correct functioning of the plant. It will also be necessary to periodically wash the drip system by unscrewing the capped end of the tube, so as to allow the water to flow freely and allow any residue to flow.

Garden irrigation: Other ideas for watering


To obtain an excellent result, it is good to choose the irrigation system suitable for the type of terrain configuration. The various options offer different levels of efficiency and cost. The classic flexible rod, even if it seems a convenient and economical means, turns out to be one of the least effective methods, especially during the summer heat: this is because the water, not having a precise direction, ends up going to other parts of the garden , also resulting in economic waste. We must also keep in mind that most of the water supplied in this way evaporates in the air and consequently fails to reach the roots of the plants, where it is instead required. An excessive quantity of water is not even healthy and favors the appearance on Microsprinklers leafy vegetables. If the garden is small, you can use an irrigation wand that is cheap and easy to use. It will be screwed to the end of the flexible barrel. It is equipped with a valve that allows water to flow easily and direct the flow directly onto the roots of the plants, while keeping the leaves dry. The method instead of soaker tubes is more or less identical to that of the drip irrigation system, but it is mostly used in large soils, since the tubes that compose it have important lengths. Precisely for this reason they are present on farms. A further solution is represented by the containers, at a convenient price, if not zero, in case they are obtained from recycled materials. However, they present an aesthetic disadvantage. However, the method can be exploited by reducing the size of the containers; for example, for very delicate crops, one-liter plastic bottles will be fine. A small hole should be made in the center of the cap, while the bottom should be cut. Then place the bottle upside down over the ground, after having filled it with water. This method allows a slow and constant water loss in the ground.