Planting roses

Planting roses

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Planting roses

These varieties are known as collector's roses since years already introduced on the market and that have obtained approval especially for their qualities; the new varieties created in more recent years are called novelty roses; among these roses many are patented, that is, they are protected because the patent prohibits their reproduction to protect the rights of those who created them. The hybridizations between different roses in order to create new types of roses require decades of patient work, great effort and very high costs. Among the varieties of modern roses many have flowers with petals with light shades in the central part, and a more vivid and intense tone towards the outside. Sometimes the petals are of contrasting color on the reverse: a characteristic appreciated by many rose lovers. The rose is a bushy plant with upright branches and fragrant flowers of various colors, the leaves are generally composed of three to five of oval or lance shape and of an intense and bright green. The rose, especially the red one, has always been the symbol of love and are therefore equated with the flowers of the earthly paradise of Adam and Eve. The cultivation of roses has taken place since ancient times in which the five-petal cultivation was produced, a type of rose that blooms only in spring with a dark red or white color slightly pink at the end.

How to plant roses

Roses are planted in autumn or spring. They have an enlargement at the base of the stem below the branches. This is the graft, which must remain above ground. When the so-called wild shoots, light and thorny green branches, develop below the graft node, they must be removed to prevent them from taking energy from the grafted rose. The most suitable soil for planting a rosebush is the clayey one, but not too compact, which must be worked in depth, enriched with mature manure or with nitrogen fertilizers and above all well drained. The best exposure of the plant is to the south-east; roses prefer open, well-ventilated spaces, intense brightness but nevertheless tolerate badly full-sun exposure throughout the day especially in the summer season. The fertilizations are necessary during the vegetative period and at the moment of the bud formation. As for the waterings, the first one after planting must be abundant; even afterwards it is good to give water in considerable quantities every time the ground appears dry on the surface. Periodically it is important to weed the soil at the foot of the rose to remove the dried one and add a small amount to replace the removed one. In winter it is important to place near the foot of the roses a good quantity of manure and leaves, or tablets of fertilized peat. Pruning keeps the roses young: during this phase the woody branches must be eliminated, in addition to the dry ones, while the more vigorous green shoots are left that branch off from the base of the gills of the bush roses or from the base of the stem. Pruning is done before the vegetative restart depending on the climatic conditions. In regions with a harsh winter climate (February / March) while in regions with a mild winter climate it is advisable to carry it out at the end of the autumn season. It is also preferable to cut the flowers as soon as they are withered to prevent seeds from maturing and forming the capsule, removing force from the buds and the plant.

Classification of roses

For years florists from all over the world, through their national associations, have been working to catalog and insert existing rosebushes into homogeneous groups. For a practical purpose, the roses can be distinguished in three large groups: bush roses, which have varying heights according to the type from twenty five centimeters to one and a half meters; climbing roses whose stems stretch over two and a half meters; Sapling roses, which have a roundish crown and are grafted onto small rods of variable height from one to two meters. The most common are undoubtedly the climbing roses that should be pruned leaving only the strongest branches. Before this operation and after an accurate protection in the winter period, it is necessary to remove them from their support, therefore all the dry branches are pruned, easily recognizable by the simple fact that they will not be provided with flowers but only with branches. In the pruning phase, however, the branches can be transplanted as they manage to blossom again, creating even more robust branches, useful for positioning and expanding your garden. After doing this operation to facilitate even better flowering than the previous year, it is advisable to tie the strongest branches on special grids in a vertical position in order to favor their natural tendency to climb upwards.

Trivia roses

A rose with a very particular color is the blue one created after many experiments among the great European and American rose-players. From the numerous crossings made in the attempt to obtain the blue rose other varieties of valuable colors have been born such as cognac, magenta, coffee. The rose-maker who created a new rose variety has the right to patent his creation through a long and expensive procedure. But today there is also another alternative. The international registration centers keep up-to-date a registry and systematic volume of all the roses, in addition to those already known, protecting the commercial interests of the growers who register their creations. In Iran considered the homeland of the rose, a flourishing perfumery industry developed, and the cultivation of roses from which the essence is extracted. Today, in Italy, rose contests are held to present growers all the news, merits and possible defects in the reproduction with both the jury and the final verdict at the end of the competition and the exam. Even in the main European countries, including Paris and Geneva, competitions are held for the presentation of the most beautiful rose but also the most fragrant one.