Create a garden: when to sow
How to make a garden? There are many aspects that need to be taken into account when designing a garden: from the climate to the type of plants, from exposure to the sun to the surface available, from the budget to the amount of attention one has in able to dedicate them. First of all, it should be noted that to sow a new lawn the best period is between March and May, or alternatively the one from mid-September to the last days of October. We must start weeding the ground, using a total herbicide available in any garden center, respecting the doses specified on the bottle. So, after having spent at least three weeks to make the weeds disappear altogether (those that are recurrent or of significant size, however, can also be eliminated manually, with the help of a knife), you can clean the soil of branches and stones, and then turn it with a hoe at least in its surface layer. It is good to remember, on the other hand, not to walk on the ground after applying the herbicide (which among other things, being toxic, must be avoided if plants are grown nearby that will be used for food). Afterwards, a layer of earth per lawn must be laid on the ground, no higher than two fingers, which has a greater amount of sand than the universal earth; if necessary, it can be mixed with slow release fertilizer granules. Before sowing, it is good to remember that the more the lawn is prized, the more fragile it will be, that is sensitive to bad weather, and the more it will need care, irrigation and fertilizer. It is advisable, therefore, to opt for a mixture in equal parts of festuca and ryegrass: the first seed, fine but rustic, is slow to sprout, and is able to adapt without problems to extreme conditions such as drought, sun to peak and shade prolonged; the second, on the other hand, is decidedly faster and finer. It is important to carry out the seeding so that the seeds are distributed evenly on the surface.
What to do after sowing
Once the sowing is completed, the lawn must be irrigated twice a day, but using a jet of light water, particularly nebulized. These waterings must continue until the grass blades have reached a height of three centimeters. From this point on, the lawn, now sprouted, will need periodic care. As for the administration of water, the lawn will have to be wet abundantly in the first hours of the morning once every two days. The grass cannot be neglected, for this reason it is preferable to rely on an automatic irrigation system: in practice, sprinklers connected to a timer, which is connected to a tap. Fertilization is equally essential, to be carried out four times a year: the first, with slow release NPK granules (an acronym for nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium), around the end of February; the second, with anti-stress fertilizer, around the middle of May, in order to prepare the grass for the summer drought; the third, still with slow-release NPL granules, in mid-September; and finally the last, still with anti-stress fertilizer, at the end of October, in view of the winter cold. In the construction of the garden, a fundamental role is played by the aeration, given that the grass suffers in particular the stagnation of water. For this reason, it would be important to be able to identify the stagnation points, creating them in correspondence with the holes, using a fork, so as to facilitate the flow of water. Once every three months, it is essential to pass with spiked shoes on the ground, in order to make the overall drainage better. With the same frequency, it is advisable to remove the felt from the lawn, using a comb rake: the purpose is to remove the dry stems which, by wrapping the roots, could expose the grass to pathologies and infections.
How to make a garden: accessories and objects
In creating a garden, on the other hand, in addition to the vegetable component, we must think of the human element: the reference is to all those objects and accessories that contribute to embellishing and making a green space more functional. If the space available is rather large, for example, there will be no lack of an area for children, with games such as slides and swings to entertain the little ones in complete safety. In a respectable garden, of course, you need at least a table, with chairs and benches, to create a relaxation area that can also serve as a place to have lunch or dinner. And speaking of food, it is worth considering the idea of enriching the garden with a barbecue, in brick or stone, to prepare tasty grilled meat and vegetables during the summer in the open air. One cannot forget, however, to create a sufficiently shaded area: and, if there are not enough plants, or at least large trees, to provide for this task, one may think about opting for a gazebo, with a beautiful rocking chair positioned inside.