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On October 1, according to the national calendar, the day of Arina - Rosehip is celebrated. It is from this time that the collection and harvesting of rose hips for the winter begins.
Of course, in every geographic area, the harvest season does not always coincide with calendar dates.
Why is rosehip valuable?
The pulp of the fruit of this plant is the most valuable part of it. It contains pectin, tannins and dyes, organic acids, macro- and microelements (iron, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, manganese, silicon, copper). Rosehip fruits are especially rich in vitamins E, B, K, P.
Vitamin C in wild rose berries is 50 times more than its content in lemon, 10 times more than in currants. And relative to apples, the content of vitamin C in rose hips exceeds 100 times!
When to collect?
Rosehips are harvested during its full ripeness, when the fruits acquire a bright red-orange color. It was at this time that it contains the largest amount of all its medicinal substances and vitamins.
It is recommended to collect with the remains of the stalk and calyx (after drying, they are easily separated).
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How to dry rose hips?
It must be dried immediately after harvesting the fruit. The preservation of vitamins depends on the duration of drying. Therefore, rose hips are usually dried for no more than 5-6 hours in ovens or ovens. The temperature is set at 80-90 degrees. If you have ice cream rose hips, then first the temperature should be 70-80 degrees, then you need to lower it and so dry it.
During drying, it is necessary to constantly stir the berries, making sure that they do not burn.
A modern electric dryer for fruits and vegetables can be of great help, which allows you to preserve almost all useful elements and vitamins.
If the fruits are dried correctly, they will have a brownish-red color with a wrinkled surface.
How to dry if there is no oven?
It so happens that sometimes there is not the necessary equipment for quick drying of fruits, especially if you are somewhere far from home. Drying rose hips is possible without high temperature.
Spread the fruits on the table in a thin layer, make sure that there is no direct sunlight. If you are in the country or in a private house, put it in the attic or on the stove. Of course, this method has some drawbacks - it takes a long time to dry, the berries can rot.
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How to store?
After drying, you need to remove the remaining sepals and stalks. Pour the fruits into a cardboard box, wooden box. You can use bags made of any fabric or paper. Leave for 2-3 days at room temperature to equalize humidity. Then transfer to permanent storage in glass or tin cans.
It is better to tie the necks of the dishes with gauze rather than cover them with lids. This is so that there is air circulation and the fruits do not mold over time.
Store in a dry, ventilated area. If all the rules were followed during drying, then dry fruits can be stored for up to three years.
How to brew rose hips correctly
When brewing rose hips, simple rules should be followed. You do not need to insist rose hips for a long time, for example, all night. This destroys vitamins. It is enough to boil the fruits for 15 minutes. Be sure to run the broth through cheesecloth or a fine strainer to keep out hairs.
To improve health, it is enough to take half a glass of decoction 2-3 times during the day. Especially important in winter and after winter.
Rosehip during pregnancy
To strengthen the immunity of a pregnant woman, it is enough to drink up to one liter of rosehip decoction per day. But at the same time, it must be remembered that it is possible to overload the kidneys, which already work in an increased mode during pregnancy. Be sure to check with your doctor.
If your buds are working fine and smoothly, enjoy a cup of hot aromatic rosehip tea!
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Rosehip kissel. Chop the fruits (100 g), add two liters of water, boil for 15 minutes over low heat, strain.
Add sugar, citric acid or lemon pieces, add starch diluted in water, boil.
Rosehip punch with red wine. Pour 50 g of fruit with 700 g of water.
Leave it on for a few hours. Then boil, strain. Add half a liter of dry red wine and 100 g of sugar. Heat, but do not boil. Add orange juice. Serve hot.