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When planning the construction of a greenhouse on a site, it is necessary to clearly understand not only its appearance, but also its functionalityto choose the optimal one from the variety of design options.
Popular types of greenhouses
Among gardeners and summer residents, they enjoy the greatest success three types of greenhouses Location on:
Won the People's Love, Portable Greenhouse good for its simplicity and convenience... Similar in design to a collapsible greenhouse, it can nevertheless be installed anywhere in a garden or vegetable garden, since it does not need a foundation.
This allows the portable greenhouse to be used as temporary measure for rearing any vegetables or herbs planted outdoors in spring.
REFERENCE: With a competent approach to landing, one greenhouse can gradually cover the entire area.
The easiest and cheapest option is considered a greenhouse for a summer residence made of polycarbonate "Snail", with dimensions of 1 by 2 meters.
A mini greenhouse will be an excellent solution for those who prefers to grow seedlings outdoors, but cannot afford a full-fledged greenhouse due to lack of space.
Mini greenhouse for summer cottages - portable, that is, it can be installed anywhere on the site using only such selection criteria as: a flat area of land, no shade from tall bushes or trees, and availability of sunlight throughout the day.
A small greenhouse for a summer residence is also good because its dimensions can be customized for future seedlings, varying the shape and size of the structure, as well as experimenting with the height of the beds, fenced with bricks or beams.
IMPORTANT: When installing a greenhouse, it is worth remembering that the low weight of the structure and the size creates a danger of windage, therefore, it is necessary to provide for fasteners in advance. The mini-greenhouse can be covered with both foil and transparent polycarbonate.
If the finances and size of the site allow, you should think about building a stationary greenhouse or even a winter greenhouse. Although many new building materials have appeared on the market, most summer residents prefer to build glazed greenhouses.
There are several reasons for this:
- high transparency - maximum light access;
- environmental friendliness - guaranteed absence of harmful impurities;
- chemical inertness - the absence of corrosive effects of the external environment;
- the highest resistance to wear - up to several decades;
- excellent resistance to sudden changes in temperature;
- shape invariability under the influence of temperature or time;
- decent appearance, especially when combined with modern frames.
Greenhouse options for giving in the photo:
Choosing a place to install a greenhouse
When choosing the location of a stationary greenhouse, three factors should be taken into account:
Light mode - it is better to build a greenhouse along the length from west to east, which will maximize the use of daylight hours. Construction should not go near high fences or fruit trees, but if, due to lack of space, there is no other option, you need to take care of additional lighting inside the building.
Direction and strength of air currents - if the site is blown by winds, it is advisable to erect a living protection in the form of a hedge of bushes, located in a small distance - so that the wind does not reach the greenhouse, but also does not create a turbulence zone that destroys the heat. Optimally, if the hedge is ten meters from the walls of the greenhouse.
Passage to the greenhouse - the paths leading to the greenhouse must be spacious enough to carry out normal operation, taking into account possible garden equipment and tools.
Foundation preparation is carried out after assessing:
- owner's wishes;
- the total weight of the greenhouse;
- terrain and soil type;
- weather conditions.
Most often during the construction of a stationary greenhouse choose one of three options:
Lumber foundation - a tree treated with a protective composition will last no more than 10 years, but the ease of installation and the cheapness of the material completely compensate for this disadvantage.
Brick foundation - an ideal basis for areas with cold climates, especially when planning a winter greenhouse attached to the main building.
Concrete foundation - erected during the construction of industrial greenhouses.
Preparing the land for planting
To kill harmful bacteria or diseases soil requires disinfectioncarried out both at the end of the season and before the start of a new sowing.
After the end of the growing season, healthy soil needs to be processed with a flat cutter and cover for the winter with a layer of compost and chopped straw, which will help restore the depleted microflora and provide earthworms with comfortable wintering conditions, during which they will significantly improve the quality of the soil.
IMPORTANT! You should not ignore the high-quality cleaning of the greenhouse before the start and end of agricultural work. All elements are washed with vitriol solution, and polycarbonate or glass is thoroughly washed.
Video about the most affordable polycarbonate greenhouse "Snail":