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For growing in a greenhouse, tomatoes of tall varieties, characterized by abundant fruiting, are best suited. To prevent the branches from breaking off under the weight of ripening tomatoes, they must be tied up.
The question of how to tie up tomatoes in a greenhouse correctly is asked by every novice gardener. There are several ways to securely attach stems and branches, each grower can choose what seems most suitable.
Tying: why is it necessary
So, let's try to figure out how to tie up tomatoes in a greenhouse. Tying tomatoes is a simple procedure that involves attaching stems and branches to a support using ropes, fabric strips, plastic loops, and other materials. Tying is carried out immediately after pinching and the formation of fruit ovaries... When the plant grows in growth, the procedure will have to be repeated. Only some varieties do not need fastening, giving undersized compact bushes.
You need to tie up not only the stems of the plant, but also the branches with the fruits. In some cases, it is worth fixing them in two or three places. You can't tie knots tightly, pull plants too close to the support. If necessary, the mount can be removed and the stem or branch can be tied in a different location.
Benefits of a Proper Garter
The correct garter of tomatoes in the greenhouse brings enormous benefits to the plants themselves, and also affects the result:
- Tomatoes do not tolerate moisture on the stems and leaves. Plants standing upright can be watered at the root, which will help to avoid rotting and disease;
- Hanging tomatoes are easier to pick, they are not affected by late blight and do not become prey for slugs;
- Heavy branches do not break even with a very large number of fruits;
- When tied, the plants receive more light and air, which speeds up the ripening of tomatoes;
- Caring for tomatoes is simplified: weeding, fertilizing, pinching, etc.
In the photo below you can see the tomatoes in the garter greenhouse:
What to use for mounting
Securely fix tomato bushes can be used with supports and garters. The latter can be played by narrow strips of soft cotton fabric, cut nylon tights or knee-highs.
Once harvested, the strips can be washed, disinfected and left for use next year. For tying, do not use thin twine, thread, fishing line, wire and other thin and hard materials that can cut or break branches.
Special devices with adhesive tape and a cutter are very convenient, reminiscent of a hybrid of a garden pruner and a stapler. With the help of such a device, you can quickly and accurately fix the branches at the desired height. The tape is easily removable and does not injure the plants. The strap holder is especially useful for tying tall tomatoes to trellises.
Simple and inexpensive option - plastic clips fastened with one hand movement.
They do not break, withstand any weight, are easy to clean and can be used for several years in a row. The clips are of different sizes, they can fix both stems and branches with fruits.
So, what are the ways to garter tomatoes in a greenhouse? There are several of them. The choice of fastening depends on the variety, the height of the bush, the yield, the type of greenhouse and other nuances.
You need to think over the fastening scheme even before planting the seedlings, this will simplify the care of tomatoes and help to avoid damage to the roots and stems.
- Tying to an individual support;
Suitable for small film greenhouses, mobile greenhouses. Wooden stakes, metal or plastic pipes, thick rods are used as support.
They are installed at the same time with each plant, the height should correspond to the growth of an adult bush. A strip of fabric is wrapped around the stem and fixed on the support.
This mounting method is good for tomatoes that form compact or medium-sized bushes. Tall specimens may fall with the support.
- Fastening to a wire frame;
Suitable for compact bushes with a lot of fruit. A coarse-mesh metal mesh is wrapped around the plant in the form of a wide tube and slightly dug into the ground. It is convenient to attach not only stems to such a support, but also heavy branches with fruits.
If necessary, the wire structure can be dismantled and moved to another location. Its only drawback is the difficulty of harvesting the fruit.
- Linear mount;
A simple and economical option, suitable for growing a large number of bushes. The device is installed immediately after the construction of the greenhouse.
On both sides of the ridge, metal pipes are driven in, a rope is attached to them, stretching along the row.
Bushes are tied to a rope at an equal distance from each other. This method also has a drawback - it is not suitable for too tall bushes with heavy bunches.
- Trellis mount;
Often used in polycarbonate greenhouses, suitable for tying high-yielding tall varieties. Ropes are pulled every 30 cm between sturdy metal posts installed along the edges of the greenhouse, forming a sturdy net. Tomato bushes can be tied or fastened with plastic clips, fixation is also possible by threading the stems through the net.
It is convenient to fasten spreading bushes with fruiting stepchildren on trellises. Instead of rope structures, you can use ready-made trellises made of wooden or plastic slats. The structure must be fastened very securely so that it does not fall under the weight of the bushes.
- Vertical trellis;
A very convenient option for year-round greenhouses. Suitable for tall varieties with trimmed side shoots. A rope is attached to each bush, fixed on the roof of the greenhouse.
This option can withstand even the heaviest bunches, the support does not break or fall. To avoid injury to the branches, the support rope must be wide enough, soft and strong.
- Mesh mount;
Instead of a rope trellis between the posts, you can stretch a metal or plastic net. It is more convenient to use a network with large cells. The stems and branches of tomatoes are attached to it. As the plants grow, they can be untied and fixed at a new, more comfortable level.
There are several options to try to find the right tying method. Capital structures will cost more, but they will serve for several years without requiring additional devices.
You can attach not only tomatoes to such supports, but also cucumbers, tall eggplants and other large plants.
Mobile temporary mounts good for trial cultivation and frequent change of vegetables in the greenhouse.
Watch the video below: Garter tomatoes in the greenhouse