We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
But enterprising and economical summer residents, residents of rural areas quickly realized what value this seemingly useless waste on a garden plot can represent.
And now original buildings with all sorts of design delights can be seen on many sites.
The material for any greenhouse or greenhouse is costly. The thinnest film for a greenhouse costs from 40 rubles per 1 meter. One greenhouse will need from 10 meters - and this is only for one summer. Plastic bottles - waste material, for the autumn-winter season, it can be saved up for several greenhouses without spending a penny. Such a greenhouse will serve for 3 - 5 years, no less. Neighbors will be happy to help you collect the required amount of plastic, because when this material is burned, it emits many hazardous substances into the atmosphere, poisoning the air. The recycling of plastic bottles is also an important environmental concern that many will want to contribute to.
ATTENTION! Due to the properties of the material, such greenhouses and greenhouses are durable, lightweight and do not require additional heating.
During cold snaps and frosts, keeping warm well, they are not afraid of strong wind and hail.
Space for creativity
A greenhouse made of plastic bottles with your own hands is not only easy, but also a huge scope for imagination. The use of plastic bottles to build greenhouses has recently become popular, so your imagination and imagination will help you create completely unique designs.
From whole bottles
The simplest greenhouses are made from whole bottles., it takes a little time to assemble them, and the structure is light, durable, perfectly retaining heat thanks to the voids filled with air.
If you have a ready-made plastic greenhouse frame on your property, it will work great for bottle cover too.
If you are a novice gardener, then prepare the bars, the number of which is calculated based on the estimated size of the structure.
We make the lower strapping from bars laid on foam concrete, cinder blocks. Then, at a distance of 1.5 meters from each other, we install vertically the bars for the walls.
We strengthen the upper harness with a rail for strength. It is advisable to make the roof of the greenhouse gable, the frame for it, for reliability, is not only fastened by rivers, but also tightened with a metal mesh, so that there is no need to disassemble the greenhouse for the winter. The actual walls and roof of the bottles are assembled like this:
- we stretch a nylon thread between the vertical columns, encircling them. Our bottle posts will stand between them;
- screw the first row of bottles onto the lower bar, for which you need to cut off the top to the "shoulders", where the widest cylinder begins;
- each of these bottles will become the base of the wall posts;
- we insert into them one by one to the upper strapping of the bottle, in which we first cut off the bottom so that the cut width is less than the diameter of the cylinder at its widest part;
- the top of our bottle post should fit snugly against the harness;
- we assemble the roof and door in the same way;
- for greater confidence in the strength of the structure, it is fashionable to make an additional strapping in the middle with ordinary tape.
Roughly the same, stringing bottles on wooden slats and nailing them to bars, they make greenhouses, which are jokingly called "barbecue".
ATTENTION! One greenhouse takes from 300 to 400 1.5-liter bottles.
The bottoms, by the way, can be used for decorative finishing of the front garden., gazebos, fences for beds. They can be simply screwed onto a wooden base, or you can assemble mosaic patterns from multi-colored scraps.
From plastic plates
To assemble a greenhouse from plastic plates, you will need:
- Prepare enough material.
- Cut off the tapered top and bottom of the bottles.
- Cut the resulting cylinders vertically: it is easier to do it with a heated knife.
- It is best to iron each piece through a piece of cloth or paper with a hot iron to straighten the plastic.
- We sew the plates together, superimposing one on top of the other (we make the seam about 1 centimeter) and first piercing it with a hot awl, and then pulling it together with a thin metal wire or strong thread.
- The canvas should fit snugly against the wall of the greenhouse frame.
- It is additionally attached to the vertical posts and posts with a rail, screwing it onto self-tapping screws.
- Plastic is also attached to the upper and lower strapping, the roof frame with self-tapping screws.
- Often, to reduce the pressure on the walls of such a greenhouse, rack frames are made, to which 4-6 plates are attached, sewn together. These frames can be nailed to the frame of the greenhouse with ordinary nails.
You can see other greenhouses that you can also assemble or do with your own hands here: From PVC, From arcs, From polycarbonate, From window frames, For seedlings, From a profile pipe, For cucumbers, Under the film, To the country, For pepper, Winter greenhouse, Beautiful cottage, Successful harvest, Snowdrop, Snail, Dayas
Greenhouses - pyramids
In the early 2000s, pyramidal greenhouses with a square base and converging walls became popular. Such greenhouses are now made both from bottles and from plates.
But the most common option: an all-bottle base to a height of about 1 meter and directly 4 triangular walls converging at the top.
- The collection of the base from the bottles takes place according to the principle of the upper and lower strapping of a conventional greenhouse.
- The door is assembled separately from plates on the frame.
- You will have to sweat with canvases for the wall frame. They should be perfectly flat, tightly fastened to each other.
- Prepare boards with holes to which you will attach the plates.
- Use two nails to secure the top and bottom of the plate.
- Puncture with an awl.
- Take out the top nail and put the second plate, secure. Then take out the bottom nail, secure the two plates at the seam from below.
- Make punctures, fasten the plates.
Remember the exact dimensions of the frame: you need 30-40 bottle cylinders per side.
ATTENTION! A greenhouse made according to all the rules from bottles or plates can serve you up to 10 years.
It does not require special care, and there is always an abundance of materials for its repair.
IMPORTANT! When starting to build a greenhouse, make sure that all bottles are the same size.
If a multi-colored material is used, then it is best to collect the north side from green and brown canvases, and southern - necessarily from transparent.
A good result is given by alternating transparent and colored containers.
For which plants is it suitable?
Plastic bottle greenhouses are great for growing seedlings of cabbage, tomatoes, eggplants and cucumbers.
And if cabbage in June can already be transferred to open ground, like tomatoes, then cucumbers, zucchini and squash will bear fruit perfectly in this place protected from sudden temperature changes even in September.
As in any greenhouse, additional protection from the cold can be made in these structures: install arches over the beds and stretch the film, arrange warm beds with biofeature.
In such greenhouses annual seedlings of currant, raspberry, blackberry take root well, young bushes of strawberries and wild strawberries are also transplanted into them for the winter, additionally covering them with spruce branches.
Mini greenhouse from a plastic bottle
The most common use of plastic bottles is to create mini greenhouses.
First, by cutting off the bottom and placing the bottle over the plant, you get a unique individual means of protection against hypothermia, drought, and wind. To air the seedling or water it, just unscrew the lid!
Secondly, by cutting horizontally the "door" by two-thirds of the length of the bottle on three sides and filling it halfway with earth, you can get a mini-nursery.
Freshly planted cabbage bushes and tomatoes are covered with bottles from frost.
How to make a mini greenhouse from a plastic bottle correctly, you can in this video:
They create an excellent microclimate for germination and rooting of cuttings of fruit and berry crops.
If you have a summer cottage, do not rush to throw an empty plastic bottle into the trash can. Remember how many useful things you can make from it, saving a lot of money.