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Peat pots or tablets are a modern and convenient way of growing seedlings that do not tolerate picking well.
This is the method recommended for cucumbers.
In the open ground, the plants move directly with the peat container, the roots remain intact, and the growth of seedlings does not slow down.
Peat pots: quick and convenient
Peat pots or cups - simple, affordable and economical way of growing cucumber seedlings. The containers are made from a mixture of peat and pressed cardboard. Stores offer products of various sizes and depths, single or combined in several pieces.
For growing cucumber seedlings in peat pots, medium-sized containers are needed. In too spacious, the soil quickly sours, small ones do not allow fast-growing seedlings to develop normally.
To make the seedlings strong and of high quality, you need to choose the right peat containers... Good pots have a flat, smooth surface with no coarse fibers sticking out.
The walls of the cups should not be too thick and hard., otherwise, when transplanting, the roots of the seedlings will not be able to break through the peat walls.
Overly soft cups will not work either; with constant watering, they will lose their shape. High-quality pots have a stable, flat bottom, a neatly finished top, they are aligned in height.
These little things are very important. Neatly made cups will not tip over, the same height allows you to cover the plantings with glass or film, creating the microclimate necessary for seedlings.
Benefits of peat pots:
- you can fill the containers with any soil, both purchased and prepared independently;
- cups keep their shape well;
- when transplanted to beds, peat quickly soaks and does not interfere with the normal development of roots;
- you can use mineral or organic fertilizers.
Despite the positive aspects, peat cups also have disadvantages:
- cheap samples contain too much cardboard;
- bulky cups take up a lot of space on the windowsill or balcony;
- the soil in containers dries out quickly, constant moisture control is required.
How to plant cucumbers for seedlings in peat pots?
Before planting, you need to find a suitable container for cucumbers for seedlings in peat glasses.
The ideal container is a cardboard box of the right size... It does not allow containers to tip over, does not interfere with normal air exchange and does not retain excess moisture.
In the bottom of the peat cups with an awl or a thick needle several drainage holes are made... The soil for cucumber seedlings should be light, nutritious, with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction.
Ideal - a mixture of garden or turf soil with humus and some old sawdust.
Replacing humus with peat is undesirable. The walls of the pots are also made of peat, its excess will acidify the soil, the seedlings will develop poorly. The substrate can be enriched with nutrients: urea, potassium sulfate, superphosphate or wood ash. All components are thoroughly mixed.
Before planting, the soil can be disinfected by heating it in an oven or microwave. An alternative option is to spill the soil with a potassium permanganate solution. This procedure kills harmful microorganisms that can cause seedling diseases.
The pots are filled with soil so that at least 1 cm is left to the walls. The soil is slightly crushed. Later, it will settle and a bedding will be required, so some of the soil should be set aside. You can plant both dry and presoaked seeds.
Planting cucumbers in peat pots for seedlings. If dry material is used, the seed is buried with your fingers, lowering into the ground by 1.5-2 cm... The surface of the soil is slightly crushed, it is not necessary to tamp it. The pots are placed in a prepared tray so that the containers do not tip over. The soil is sprayed generously with warm water from a spray bottle.
When planting germinated seeds, you need to be careful. A hole 2 cm deep is made in the soil, the germinated seed is carefully moved into it, sprinkled with soil and slightly crushed.
Important do not injure the tender sprout, otherwise the seedling will die.
The soil is moistened with a spray bottle. You should not use a watering can, directed jets of water can wash out the soil.
The plantings are covered with plastic wrap or glass and placed in heat. After the emergence of shoots (4-5 days), the mini-garden moves to a bright place: sill of the south or southeast window. In cloudy weather, the seedlings will have to be supplemented with fluorescent lamps.
Seedling care in peat pots
In peat tanks, the soil dries out quickly... In the first days, the film retains the necessary moisture, after removing it, you need to carefully monitor the condition of the soil.
It shouldn't dry out the soil is moistened daily or every other day... For watering newly sprouted seedlings, use a spray bottle or spoon; older plants can be watered from a watering can.
After a few days, the soil in the pot may settle. It is recommended to carefully add the prepared substrate.squeezing it with your fingers. It is important to ensure that a hard crust does not form on the surface of the soil, which interferes with the respiration of plants. For prevention, the soil is loosened at least 2 times a week, trying not to hurt the roots.
The first feeding is carried out after unrolling a pair of real leaves. Cucumbers can be fertilized with an aqueous solution of mineral fertilizer for seedlings or a diluted mullein. It is necessary to water the pre-moistened soil with nutrients; after feeding, the cucumber seedlings are sprayed from a spray bottle.
Peat tablets: one hundred percent result
Peat tablets for cucumber seedlings - smarter option for growing cucumber seedlings. They are easy to use, affordable and inexpensive. The planted plants do not need picking, they quickly take root in any soil.
The tablets are made from light, ecologically flawless top peat mixed with useful substances: growth stimulants, components with a disinfectant effect, nutritional supplements.
Planted plants are not deficient in nutrients, they develop well... The shape of the products is retained by a thin but strong mesh. Thanks to it, the soaked peat does not creep, and the seedling is firmly fixed.
Stores offer different options for pills. They differ in the diameter that they choose, focusing on the size of the future seedling. The largest options are suitable for cucumbers.giving a final volume of 400 ml.
For the successful development of cucumber seedlings in peat tablets, it is better to choose products from well-known manufacturers that use high-quality peat and do not save on useful additives.
The cheapest tablets consist of low-grade fibrous raw materials, they swell poorly, do not keep their shape. Another disadvantage of cheap pills is the overly acidic environment, which is not very good for cucumber seedlings.
How to plant cucumbers for seedlings in peat tablets?
Before planting, peat tablets are placed in a deep container and pour warm water... As it is absorbed, it is poured. After a few hours, the tablets will turn into straight columns. They are carefully moved into a deep tray.
The ideal container for pills is a plastic container or cake box. It is also convenient to use special trays with cassettes for fixing tablets. The only drawback of this design is its high cost.
At the top of the pills there are holes for placing seeds... They can be expanded slightly with a toothpick. Dry or treated with a growth stimulant seeds are put into the resulting mini-wells. The dry seed is buried with a toothpick.
Sprouted seeds are carefully placed in the hole, covered with a piece of peat. It is not necessary to squeeze them in, fragile shoots are easily injured.
The peat pillars are placed in prepared pallets and covered with glass... Plantings are placed in heat until emergence. After germination, the mini-garden is placed on the windowsill and protected from drafts.
For successful growth of young plants need warmth and high humidity... Peat sticks are sprayed with warm water once every 2 days.
The tablets contain all the essential nutrients, cucumber seedlings do not need additional dressing.
If the mesh holding the peat breaks, the seedlings will have to be transplanted into any suitable container, after removing the remnants of the mesh and adding fresh soil.
Before moving to the beds, the net from the plant is carefully cut off. It does not dissolve in the soil, which can inhibit root growth.
Peat tablets and cups are a convenient, simple and modern way to grow cucumber seedlings that must be tried. It is not suitable for industrial cultivation, but most amateur gardeners consider peat containers ideal for growing cucumbers.
Personal experience of growing cucumbers in peat tablets in 2 parts.
Part 1 - planting seeds:
Part 2 - transplanting sprouted shoots: