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For the most part, the owners of modern summer cottages received these lands during distribution back in the Soviet Union.
In ancient times, people were not particularly pampered with the most suitable lands, for the most part they were offered options that were not available for plowing and other agricultural needs.
From here appeared many areas that have an uneven shape and various slopes and hills.
If you are the owner of land with a slope, you should not particularly complain about this fact. In fact, with a competent understanding of the matter, it is easy to make a space from such a site even more efficient than one that has a completely flat surface.
Further, we will consider how to form areas with a slope, how to make such a site the most efficient and comfortable.
If the slope has a degree of more than 45, terracing will be required, that is, the creation of terraces.
Such elements are like large steps, on each of which you place plants or other elements of the garden..
Each terrace will require a retaining wall that reinforces the landscape and provides ground stability.
It is not at all rational not to use terraces with a significant slope. The water will drain rapidly and the plants will receive little moisture, and the soil may shift.
The creation of terraces should be treated creatively, although men, of course, would like more to make some kind of even regular layout. It is quite possible to combine these vectors. At first, you create a project with even shapes, but decorate with an artistic bias.
The walls of each terrace are perfectly decorated with stones, tiles and similar decorative elements. Much depends on your capabilities and imagination. However, the costs will not always be high.
For example, you can use broken tiles, which can be easily purchased at an affordable cost from specialists, or even received for free. Many people use some kind of production waste, which takes on a new existence in decorating the site.
Stairs look great between the levels of the terraces, which, too, are not as difficult to make and decorate as it seems. You can install arches above each terrace. In order to make a kind of break between the vertical rhythm of the terrace area, you can use pergolas, which are shaped by climbing plants.
Thus, you can generally create zones with completely different plants, which will ultimately form a bright kaleidoscope and harmony. Moreover, each terrace can become a separate cozy garden bed or a small piece of land with benches or something similar.
From what to build the walls of the terraces is an essential question.
The best option looks like a combination with the general style of the site. For example, if the house is brick, then the walls can be made of bricks.
The normal material is tree trunks, but these require pretreatment. Special mixes or pre-firing will be required.
In front of the wall (from the inside), it is advisable to make crushed stone filling along the entire height. Drainage pipes must be installed under the wall. They will allow unnecessary moisture to drain from the terrace.
In addition, you will need additional supports and the best option here is metal reinforcement. Additional metal elements should be installed with a certain pitch along the entire length of the wall.
Further more, if the wall is high, then you need to tilt the masonry towards the soil, which hangs over the wall and it becomes expedient to make a foundation.
Of course, all of these tips are relevant depending on the scale of the structure. The larger the terrace and walls, the more robust the structure should be, and less work will be required for gentle landscapes.
On the slopes, you should actively use various depressions and low walls, where it is required to create a drainage of water. On the other hand, at the very top of the site, you can install a container with water and from there run a network of grooves. Thanks to this, you can significantly simplify watering your terraces.
If you decide not to use regular layouts, turn to natural forms.
Here, terraces scattered along the slope can be used, between which there are uneven paths, sometimes interspersed with steps of steps.
This landscape will be more natural..
In addition, sometimes it is more relevant to choose a free layout.
Indeed, from the outside, the landscape may look natural, but in reality, the owners need to fulfill some needs, level the shortcomings and make the best use of various zones, depending on the properties of the soil, illumination and other parameters.
In this version, the steps that are made of natural materials look great.:
- logs - placed vertically side by side and form a separate step;
- logs - can be laid as a separate step and perfectly support the ground;
- boulders are difficult to transport, but stone steps look especially attractive and natural and provide high strength.
As you can see, there are many options for slope sites. You just need to competently consider the properties of your garden and dispose of the available ones.