We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Bright gerbera flowers resemble the sun and evoke a lot of positive emotions. Anyone who wants to admire such beauty in his home must create special conditions for the plant and follow simple recommendations for caring for it.
What kind of plant is it, where did it come from and what conditions are necessary for bright gerbera flowers to please us on the windowsill - more on this later in the article.
We will also tell you what difficulties and problems a florist may face and how you can achieve an incredibly beautiful gerbera bloom.
What is this plant?
Gerbera is a perennial plant of the Asteraceae family, subfamily Astrovye. The birthplace of the flower is South Africa and Madagascar.
The leaves of the plant are light green. In shape - pinnately dissected, elongated, pointed at the tips. They sit on short petioles emerging from the basal rosette. The flowers of the plant are rich in color and are collected in large inflorescences - baskets, similar in appearance to chamomile. Flexible stalks emerge from the middle of the outlet and can be up to 60 centimeters in length.
Reference! At home, low-growing varieties are grown with a height of no more than 25-30 centimeters. After flowering, achenes are formed on the gerbera.
Read about how to grow a gerbera in this article, and here we talked about growing this beauty from seeds.
When and how long does bloom last?
The indoor gerbera blooms from mid-February to early June and from late August to November. Thus, the flowers retain their healthy appearance for three months. In summer, gerbera grows leaves and does not form buds. In good conditions, the plant is capable of flowering rhythm - calmness from three to four years. Then the gerbera is seated or replaced with a new one.
Features of the
Consider how a plant blooms. During this period, the gerbera throws out long, thin peduncles. On each of them, one inflorescence is formed from 4 to 15 centimeters in diameter. There are varieties with larger baskets measuring 30 centimeters. In the middle of the inflorescence are numerous small tubular flowers. Their number is several hundred. Along the edges of the flowering plant there are reed buds, the color of which can be orange, yellow, scarlet, burgundy, pink, lilac, blue or cream.
The necessary conditions
The plant blooms only with competent content, which suggests:
- a sufficient amount of light and heat;
- twelve hour daylight hours;
- correct watering;
- sufficient air humidity;
- suitable substrate;
- timely full dressing;
- regular rejuvenation of the bush;
- absence of diseases and pests.
Only when all conditions are suitable for the plant will it bloom on your windowsill.
Why is there no flowering at home?
If the plant refuses to bloom, it is necessary to identify the cause of the problem. There are several factors that prevent gerbera buds from forming.:
- Lack of light, or vice versa, too long daylight hours. Flowering is directly dependent on lighting.
- Overly spacious pot. In this case, the gerbera spends all its energy on the development of the soil by roots.
- Excess nitrogen fertilizers in the soil, stimulating the growth of green mass to the detriment of flowering.
- Incorrect temperature conditions. At readings below + 10 ° C, the plant will not bloom. Heat is also an unfavorable factor.
- Lack of a dormant period. If you do not provide the gerbera with proper rest, it will not form buds. If it blooms, it does not bloom well, while the flowers are faded.
- Water ingress into the outlet during watering.
- Low air humidity.
- Gerbera diseases.
How to care?
The rules for caring for a gerbera require a careful and competent approach. Consider how to care for a flower at home.
Gerbera is a light-loving plant. Diffused light works best for her. The flower is not afraid of direct morning and evening rays of the sun, it feels good on the windowsill of the western or eastern window. On the north side, the plant is not comfortable. There is a risk of sunburn on the south window. It is necessary to provide the gerbera with 12 hours of daylight.
In winter, it is necessary to give the plant rest. Supplementing with fluorescent lamps during this period can extend flowering until May. However, the absence of a resting phase adversely affects the health of the gerbera.
In conditions of too long daylight hours, flower buds do not form, the plant grows green mass.
The optimum air temperature in the spring-summer period is from +20 to + 24 ° C... The plant loves fresh air and is not afraid of drafts, so in summer it can be taken out onto the balcony. In winter, gerbera needs a temperature of about + 14 ° C. Indicators below + 12 ° C bring it to a state of rest.
Attention! During the flowering period, plant hypothermia and sudden temperature changes should not be allowed. The formation of buds will stop, and those that have already appeared will wither.
The natural habitat of the gerbera is the tropics. At home, it is required to maintain sufficient air humidity... It is useful to spray the leaves frequently with a spray bottle. At the same time, protect the flowers from getting wet. If the air in the room is dry, you can place a container filled with water next to the plant.
Watering should be moderate and regular. The soil must be moistened after the top layer dries. For the procedure, use soft, settled water with a temperature of +20 to + 24 ° C. When watering, direct the water close to the edge of the pot to avoid spilling it onto the outlet. You can immerse the gerbera flowerpot in a container of water for 30 minutes. In winter, watering is done a maximum of once a week.
Waterlogging of the soil leads to root rot... and insufficient watering - to the cessation of flowering and drying of the leaves.
Do not choose a container that is too loose for the gerbera. The plant will give a lot of energy to the development of the root system. For transplanting, a new pot should be prepared two to three centimeters larger than the previous one in diameter (read here how to transplant a gerbera after purchase). There must be a drainage hole at the bottom of the container.
You will learn how to care for potted gerberas in this article.
The plant prefers a slightly acidic substrate... You can purchase a special ready-made soil for gerberas or prepare the mixture yourself according to the following recipe:
- leaf land - 2 parts;
- sand - 1 part;
- peat - 1 part.
A drainage layer of gravel or expanded clay is created at the bottom of the pot. This is done so that moisture does not accumulate and root decay does not occur.
The soil for the gerbera should be loose.
Gerbera root system requires liquid mineral fertilizing... From February to April and in summer, when the plant intensively grows green mass, complex fertilizers with a large amount of nitrogen are needed. During flowering, fertilizing with a high potassium content is applied twice a week.
Attention! The solution for irrigation should be made weakly concentrated and use a dosage less than that indicated on the package of the drug.
Fertilizers are not applied in winter.
The transplant is carried out every year after the end of flowering.... Once every two years, it is recommended to rejuvenate the bush: divide it into parts and transplant it into a fresh, disinfected substrate. The procedure must be done during the gerbera growth period - in July or February. Such an event prolongs the life of the plant.
From December to February and from June to July, the gerbera should rest. In winter, the plant is kept at temperatures from +10 to + 12 ° C. Under these conditions, it sheds its leaves. Top dressing stops, watering is carried out once a week.
- The pot, the soil and the plant itself should be inspected regularly. If a disease or pest is detected, it is necessary to urgently take appropriate measures to eliminate them (what to do if the leaves of a gerbera turn yellow, you can find out here).
- Withered inflorescences must be removed in a timely manner, completely breaking them out of the nest. Otherwise, they will interfere with the development of new peduncles. In addition, old baskets will rot and infect the entire plant. You cannot cut them off - just break them off with your hands.
Gerbera caring is a fun process. The plant needs well-organized feeding and watering, a certain length of daylight hours, sufficient air humidity, warmth, not too large a pot, suitable soil and regular rest. Gerbera responds to systematic care with bright flowering, being a spectacular decoration of any interior.
Further, an informative video about caring for a gerbera at home for flowering: