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Every gardener who loves his job wants to reap delicious and healthy fruits. That is why it is worth paying great attention to the choice of seeds. Each variety has its own characteristics and grows under certain conditions.
Red cabbage is a northern crop that loves the cold. It stores a lot of useful properties: improves skin elasticity, cleanses the body of toxins, strengthens the nervous system and immunity.
Not every gardener can boast of growing this vegetable in his garden. Although for the successful cultivation of red cabbage, it is enough just to decide on the variety. And our article will help you with this.
How to choose correctly?
Red cabbage, regardless of variety, needs fertile, loose and light soil with low acidity. A lighted ridge would be a good place for a plant., which last year grew cucumbers, tomatoes or potatoes.
The culture takes root better in closed ground (this prevents jumps in temperature, humidity and lighting), but for varieties such as Mikhnevskaya, Lyudmila, Garsi and Kamennaya golovaya, open-air cultivation is quite suitable.
As mentioned above, red cabbage is cold-resistant. Seeds germinate already at + 2-3 °. A comfortable temperature for growing is considered to be + 15-20 °.
Important! At + 25-30 °, the heads of cabbage begin to crack and stop tying. But do not be upset - the red cabbage hybrids Varna and Mikhnevskaya perfectly tolerate the heat. They will not only surprise you with a rich red-violet color, but also delight you with their bright taste properties.
If you live in a cold region (-8-10 °), then Stone Head, Prirodo, Kalibos and Gako are exactly what you need. The named varieties are distinguished by extraordinary tenderness, juiciness of leaves and lack of bitterness. They are well transported and do not crack (except for the Stone Head).
For mass cultivation, and then further sale, choose hybrids Garsi, Varna, Primero and Langedeiker late. Heads of cabbage have good keeping quality, resistance to major diseases. Due to their presentable appearance, long storage and yield, they are very popular and are a "hit" among domestic gardeners.
For your own small garden, varieties with short-term storage are suitable. These include:
- Red Jewel.
Deep red and bright purple colors will decorate your beds, giving them variegation and colorfulness. Such flat, spherical heads of cabbage can be boasted to the guests. Cabbage has a crunchy and slightly tangy flavor that will add zest to any salad you cook.
You will see a photo of red cabbage varieties:
The best varieties for ripeness with names
According to the ripening period, red cabbage is divided into early (Red Jewel, Kyoto, Primo, Nurima, Romanov), middle (Mars, Mikhnevskaya, Varna, Lyudmila, Stone head) and late (Rodima, Garsi, Palleta, Langedeiker late, Juno). Early varieties of cabbage must be present in every vegetable garden. The head of cabbage is not as large as, for example, late-ripening cabbage. However, this pays off with the rapid growth and tenderness of the leaves. Early cabbage is great for fresh consumption and cooking.
Reference! Medium and late varieties will perfectly complement summer borscht or salad with apples. Cabbage is stored for a long time without losing its qualities. Varna and Lyudmila hybrids are suitable for pickling.
Read about the benefits of red cabbage and the possible harm from its use, and from this article you will learn about how the red type of vegetable differs from the white one.
Below is a comparative table of red cabbage varieties:
|Variety names:||Vegetation:||Weight:||The form:||Sectional color:||Consumption:||Disease resistance:||Productivity:|
|Red Jewel (early)||70-75 days||up to 2 kg.||rounded||dark purple||fresh, cooking (short storage)||high||4.6 kg / m2|
|Kyoto (early)||70-75 days||1.5-2.5 kg.||spherical||bright purple||fresh (short-term storage; about 4 months)||average||5.2 kg / m2|
|Example (early)||78 days||1-2 kg.||spherical||purple||fresh look and processing||average||8.0-10 kg / m2|
|Nurima (wounded)||70-80 days||up to 2 kg.||round||purple||fresh appearance (short-term storage)||low||6.2 kg / m2|
|Romanov (wounded.)||90 days||1.5-2 kg.||rounded||deep red||fresh, cooking (short storage; 1-2 months)||high||up to 6 kg / m2|
|Mars (Wednesday)||105-110 days||1.3-2 kg.||rounded flat||dark purple||fresh||high||6.0-8.0 kg / m2|
|Mikhnevskaya (Wednesday)||98-130 days||1.5-3 kg.||oval||red-violet||fresh||average||6.0-8.0 kg / m2|
|Varna (Wednesday)||120-130 days||1.5-3 kg.||rounded oval||red-violet||fresh look and processing||high||8-10.2 kg / m2|
|Lyudmila (Wednesday)||125-130 days||up to 2 kg.||perfectly round||purple||fresh look and processing||high||5.1 kg / m2|
|Stone head (Wednesday)||125-130 days||up to 4 kg.||round||purple||fresh, cooking||average||2.3-6.6 kg / m2|
|Kalibos (Wednesday)||140-150 days||1.5-2 kg.||conical||red-violet||fresh||high||580-640 c / ha|
|Rodima (late)||140 days||up to 4 kg.||oval||dark cherry||fresh||average||8.8 kg / m2|
|Garanci (late)||140 days||up to 3 kg.||rounded oval||deep red||fresh, processing||low||80-90 t / ha|
|Pallet (late)||155 days||1.8-2.3 kg.||round||purple||fresh, cooking||average||1.8-3.5 kg / m2|
|Langedeiker late (late)||145-160 days||up to 4 kg.||oval||red-violet||fresh, processing||high||8.0-10 kg / m2|
|Juno (late)||160 days||1.2 kg.||perfectly round||dark purple||fresh||low||3.9 kg / m2|
So which cabbage is considered truly the best? Of all the variety of hybrids, the culture called Primero is in great demand. A rather short ripening period, high yield (despite the insufficiently large size), keeping quality and transportability bring this type of cabbage to frequent demand in the market.
The hybrid has an attractive appearance (firm, dense, round) and excellent taste (no bitterness at all). Approximately not susceptible to fusarium, it is used for both early and late planting. With dense plantings, it is characterized by excellent behavior and does not lose its presentation.
But do not think that all other varieties of cabbage are worse. Each hybrid has its own personality and peculiarity: some are good at cooking, others are pleasing to the eye with their beauty, and still others are resistant to diseases and unpretentious. It all depends on your preferences and desires. If you love plants and are in awe of growing them, then absolutely any cabbage will delight you and your loved ones.