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Clivia is a stunning inhabitant of many window sills, outwardly very similar to a daylily or a small lily. However, it belongs to the Amaryllis family and is related to such plants as amaryllis, hippeastrum and nerine.
Delightful bell-shaped flowers, collected in an umbrella, can please the owner with their appearance for more than one month. Clivias have long been the favorites of many flower growers.
In our article, we will take a closer look at the features of growing and reproducing this cute flower. You can also watch a useful video on this topic.
How does a flower propagate?
The most important difference for reproduction of Clivia from other plants of this family is that the underground part of the plant is represented not by bulbs, like in other Amaryllis, but by a fleshy rhizome with adventitious roots. This means that the methods of reproduction will be slightly different. For Clivia, vegetative propagation methods are mainly used, that is, parts of the rhizome and shoots, and the seed method. Let's consider each of them in more detail.
How to plant shoots and parts of the rhizome?
Reproduction by shoots, the so-called babies, is most often used, since this is a less laborious and relatively fast method. The disadvantages of this method include the fact that young plants cannot be propagated in this way, that is, the presence of the shoots themselves is necessary. Babies to be planted must have at least 4 leaves.
Selection of material
During the transplantation of the plant, the shoots are separated from the mother plant with a part of the rhizome with a sharp knife. All cuts must be treated with charcoal, since Clivia's roots are prone to decay, and charcoal has a drying effect. Young shoots should be handled with extreme care and any damage should be avoided, as the roots of the plant are very fragile.
Important: The flowering plant is not transplanted or propagated. Transplantation and reproduction are carried out after the flowering of Clivia, during the dormant period.
Requirements for dishes and soil
For young shoots, use pots with a diameter of about 7 cm... It is possible to plant several children in one dish.
The soil can be a mixture of leafy earth and sand, a mixture of sand and peat, or clean wet sand. It is very important that the soil is not moisture-consuming, since clivia reacts sharply to the increased humidity of the substrate in which it is grown.
Also, there should be a drainage layer at the bottom of the pot so that excess water does not lead to root rot and plant death. For drainage, you can use pieces of broken brick, pebbles, expanded clay.
The transplant process at home
An adult mother plant is transplanted every 1-3 years, depending on the age of the plant... The pot should be 3-5 cm larger than the previous one. Clivia needs a nutritious soil, for example, a mixture of clay-sod and leafy soil, sometimes soil for orchids is used.
The plant is transplanted by simple transshipment, but if there is a need to separate the children, then the roots are very carefully straightened and washed from the old soil. When planting in a new pot, you need to ensure that the root collar is above the ground level to prevent decay.
Read about how to transplant clivia at home here.
We recommend watching a video about clivia transplant:
Rooting young plants
The planted daughter shoots after planting are not watered for 3-4 days, then gently resume moderate watering... Young plants will bloom only after 2-3 years, but it is important not to create a dormant period for the plants at this time, so that they continue to build up green mass and fill the space of the pot with roots (if your clivia does not bloom, you can read this article). Then the flowering will be more lush.
This can be achieved by systematic, but not too abundant watering and feeding. The method is considered optimal, since it requires much less time and effort, and daughter plants will begin to delight with flowering much earlier.
We recommend watching a video about the rooting of clivia babies:
Division of the underground part of the shaft
Reproduction by parts of the rhizome is used a little less often. Planting material is also obtained during transplantation. It is important to pay attention that there is a kidney in the cut off piece of rhizome, from which the shoot will develop in the future. All sections, as in the previous case, should be treated with charcoal.
Pieces of rhizomes are carefully placed in a mixture of sand and peat and limit watering for 2 days... Then watering is gradually returned. A plant obtained in this way will begin to bloom at 3-4 years of age.
The next method is more suitable for ideological people in love with floriculture. It is less efficient and more time consuming, but also more interesting. It becomes especially interesting if there are already several Clivias of different colors at home. In this case, you can try to get a hybrid of these two plants and feel like a real breeder.
Of course, seeds can simply be bought in the store, but then they will require special preparation for planting... It involves soaking the seeds before planting them in the ground.
But the seeds obtained from the mother plant do not require soaking, and getting them is much more interesting. During flowering, Clivia is cross-pollinated, possibly both pollination of different flowers of the same plant, and pollination of two different Clivias. Readiness for pollination is determined by the flower itself.
When a small droplet appears on the stigma of the pistil, and the stamens begin to crumble, you can start pollination. To do this, carefully rub the stamen with a damp cotton swab or toothpick so that some of the pollen remains on the instrument, and why transfer it to the top of the pistil.
If pollination was successful, then the flower will begin to wilt, and a green ovary forms at its base.... It is it in the future that forms the fruit. On one plant there can be several fruits at the same time, which will not interfere with the development of each other in any way, but can spoil its appearance for some time. Over time, the Clivia berry will turn red and soft, which will indicate its ripeness. But do not rush to pluck them before landing. It is recommended to plant seeds immediately from the fruit, so that they do not have time to dry out.
Attention: Despite the attractive appearance of Clivia berries, they should never be eaten.
The seeds are planted in a container with a nutrient medium, usually a mixture of sand, peat and turf. It is strictly observed that there is 2 cm between the seeds, and the planting depth is no more than 1-1.5 cm.If the seeds are still dry, then before planting in the ground they are kept for about a week in a warm place in a damp cloth or gauze. After 4-6 weeks, the first shoots will appear, in six months the plant can grow up to six leaves. With the appearance of the first leaves, the seedlings can be planted in separate containers. In the first year, they are transplanted twice, then once a year, increasing the diameter of the pot by 2-3 cm.
The first three years of Clivia do not suit the dormant period, allowing the growth of roots and leaves... Young plants from seeds will bloom only at 4-5 years of age. Clivia is a poisonous plant, it is necessary that children and animals do not have access to the plant in order to avoid poisoning. After all manipulations with the plant, hands and tools should be thoroughly washed.
Choosing a breeding method
The most commonly used vegetative method. It does not require special conditions, long waiting times and can be part of an annual transplant. Young shoots planted are already sufficiently developed and will begin to bloom much earlier. But sometimes adult large-sized specimens simply cannot be transplanted. Or the plant may simply not produce new shoots. Then you can resort to the second method.
The seed method is rarely used due to low efficiency, but allows you to propagate a plant that is difficult to transplant, and also opens up new horizons for breeding on the windowsill. It is used mainly in the cold season.
No matter how interesting this method is, it is not always possible to use it. It should be used if the plant is over 8 years old, healthy and getting enough nutrition. The large number of restrictions is justified by the fact that fruiting greatly depletes the plant.
Clivia is a completely extraordinary plant... It is difficult to resist the temptation to obtain an entire field of splendor through fairly simple reproduction. In this case, it does not matter at all which method was chosen for this. The result is much more important here.