Convenient ways of growing ampelous begonias - by cuttings and from seeds. Plant care

Convenient ways of growing ampelous begonias - by cuttings and from seeds. Plant care

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Ampel begonia is a very beautiful and vibrant plant. It looks spectacular in hanging pots or pots on a high leg, attracting the attention of almost any person. In addition, caring for an ampelous begonia does not require special skills. And even a novice amateur florist can reproduce this flower in simple ways, which will be discussed in this article.

Ampel begonia is a type of tuberous begonia with powerful hanging stems about 30 - 40 cm long and with double and semi-double flowers of different colors (white, yellow, scarlet, pink, orange, etc.), large leaves can be glossy or covered with villi. various colors (rich green, emerald, brownish with green veins).

In what ways does it multiply?

Ampel begonia reproduces in the following ways:

  1. Seeds.
  2. Sheet.
  3. Cuttings.
  4. Tubers.
  5. By dividing the bush.

You can find more information on how to breed and care for tuberous begonia here.

Reproduction at home

At home the most acceptable way to propagate ampelous begonia is cuttings (vegetative method): this method is simple (even beginners in floriculture can do it), fast (the first flowers will bloom in August), when cuttings, all the signs of the mother plant are preserved (color, color of leaves, shape and size of a flower, etc.) ...

Growing from cuttings

Propagation of ampelous begonias by cuttings can be carried out throughout the year, but rooting will occur more quickly and efficiently in the spring.

Reference. Spring is a period of active plant growth: at this time of the year, the metabolic processes occurring in the plant, and the processes of building new cells, are accelerated. In addition, it is in the spring that it is easy to create all those conditions that contribute to the painless rooting of the petioles: a lot of sunlight, but not yet as aggressive as in summer; optimal temperature level.

  • Preparation of cuttings.
    1. A healthy, strong, without visible damage, non-flowering shoot 8-12 cm long is selected.
    2. The shoot is cut from the ampelous begonia bush below the knot with sharp scissors or a knife. The cut is made slightly obliquely.
    3. Remove all lower leaves from the shoot. At least 2-3 buds should remain on it.
    4. It is recommended to dry the petiole for several hours.
  • Rooting.

    There are two ways to root an ampelous begonia: in water or in soil.

    1. Rooting in water is recommended in a small glass or plastic container, preferably dark glass or plastic. The water level (you can use the usual settled or thawed) in the container should be such that the lower part of the cuttings is in the water, and the rest is above the water.

      This condition is explained by the fact that oxygen is required for the emergence of roots. As a rule, the root system is formed on the cuttings just at the border of water and air in the container. It is not recommended to immerse the shoot in water so that its tip touches the bottom of the dish: this can cause it to rot. The water in the vessel should also not be changed, but only topped up as it evaporates. It is also sometimes practiced to add an activated carbon tablet to the water to disinfect it and add the drug "Kornevin".

      The maximum number of shoots that can be placed in one container is 1 - 2: in a large mass, cuttings die more often. The container with the handle is placed in a warm place, but not in direct sunlight. You can cover everything with a plastic bag to create a greenhouse environment. After the appearance of roots 0.7 - 1.5 cm in length, the plant can be planted in the ground.

    2. Begonia takes root better in the soil. For these purposes, loose and nutritious soil is used: it can be soil purchased in a store or mixed with your own hands (peat and coarse sand in a 1: 1 ratio).

      It is better to use a small transparent container as a pot for rooting the cuttings: this way it is easier to observe the development of the roots. You can use ordinary plastic cups for these purposes, but do not forget to make drainage holes in them.

      If there are a lot of cuttings, then rooting is carried out in special boxes or transparent plastic containers for food: in such containers, the shoots are located compactly, which greatly facilitates maintenance. The cut and dried petiole is dipped with its tip into water, and then into "Kornevin".

      Further, at an angle of 45 degrees, the shoot is buried into the moist soil by 2 - 3 cm. Rooting will be more likely to succeed if the pot is covered with a jar or plastic bag on top. With the appearance of the first roots, the "greenhouse" can be removed.

      Attention! When covering a container with a handle with a bag or other improvised means, it is important not to forget about airing!

      In the created greenhouse conditions, excess condensate can contribute to rotting of cuttings. To avoid this, it is necessary to remove the film every day at cool temperatures for half an hour, and at high temperatures - 3 times for 10 - 15 minutes.

      The following are considered optimal conditions for the development of shoots: temperature + 20C - + 28C, moderate watering, diffused sunlight, regular spraying.

  • Planting in soil.
    1. After the root system is formed in the cuttings, they need to be transplanted into individual pots. To do this, it is necessary to prepare a container in advance, cover its lower layer with expanded clay, and then with a substrate from a store or a mixture of peat and sand.
    2. Having made a depression in the soil with your hand, place the seedling in the pot, carefully straightening its roots, if rooting was previously done in water.

      The best planting method for young seedlings rooting in the ground is the transfer method: the plant is taken out of the container and, without shaking off the earthy coma, is placed in a new pot.

    3. The top layer of soil near the stem is crushed by hands, the plant is watered and put in its place. It is recommended to plant 5 - 6 petioles on a pot with a diameter of 12 cm so that the ampelous begonia bush is lush and beautiful.
  • We bring to your attention a video on the preparation of cuttings and rooting:

    The following video tutorial is about planting a young begonia plant:

You can familiarize yourself with the basic rules for planting and caring for tuberous begonia at home and in the garden here. In addition, we recommend that you study in more detail the intricacies of planting and growing ampelous begonias at home and in the open field, as well as another representative of the tuberous species - Bolivian begonias.

How to grow from seeds?

The method of propagation of ampelous begonias by seeds is not as popular as cuttings. This is due to the fact that a new adult plant from the seed will not come out soon.

Reference. The first buds of begonia with high-quality seed will appear at 120 - 150 days and the signs of the mother plant are unlikely to remain.

  1. For this breeding method, you must first collect the seeds. After pollination of begonia flowers (natural or artificial), the plant in the fall forms a fruit in the form of a capsule (flower bag), which contains seeds.
  2. They are very small in size, for better visibility they are mixed with sand before sowing.
  3. In late December - early January, the container is filled with soil (1 part of sheet soil: 1 part of sand: 2 parts of humus), seeds are sown on its moistened surface, which do not deepen.
  4. Next, the box is covered with glass or plastic wrap, not forgetting about the daily ventilation of the crops. After the seedlings appear and get stronger, the cover can be removed.
  5. When the seedlings form 2 - 3 leaves, it is necessary to make a pick, planting them 2 - 3 cm apart.
  6. After a month or two, a second pick is carried out: the distance between the seedlings should be 5 - 6 cm.
  7. And only in May, young shoots are planted in individual pots.

Care of young plants

  1. It is recommended to grow ampel begonia cuttings transplanted into individual pots in a bright place, but without direct sunlight on the foliage. The ideal option is the north, north-west, north-east windows. The young plant is watered often, but little by little.
  2. It is important not to allow excessive moisture in the substrate, otherwise begonia will die from decay.
  3. As the stems grow, you will need a special support to support them. Top dressing is carried out with complex mineral fertilizers purchased in flower shops, from spring to autumn, 1 - 2 times a month.
  4. After sowing ampel begonia seeds, the container is transferred to a warm, bright place (+ 24C - + 28C), systematically the top layer of soil is sprayed from a spray bottle with warm water.
  5. During the winter months, it is necessary to supplement the seedlings with a phytolamp (read more about caring for tuberous begonia in winter here).
  6. Two weeks after the first pick, you can weekly feed the plants with a weakly diluted solution of mineral fertilizers.

You will find more detailed information on caring for tuberous begonia at home and outdoors in a separate material.

Possible problems

  • Rot, mealy stains, etc. - characteristic infectious diseases of young ampelous begonia.

    To prevent this phenomenon, it is recommended to disinfect the soil, the pot in which the cuttings will be planted or the seeds will be sown (fungicide treatment, heat treatment). A description of tuberous begonia diseases that prevent the plant from blooming, as well as control and prevention measures, can be found in a separate article.

  • Rotting cuttings. This phenomenon is possible with excessive watering and irrigation. Also, do not forget about the daily airing of the "greenhouses" in which the rooting of the plant is carried out.
  • Seeds do not germinate. This is possible if the seed was of poor quality or lay for a long time. It is important to remember that the germination of ampel begonia seeds is lost over time, so it is advisable to sow those seeds in winter that were collected the day before in the fall. And, of course, check the expiration date of the seeds purchased at the store.

Propagation by cuttings and seeds are two of the most popular methods of propagation of ampelous begonias. In addition, they do not require special financial investments. The main conditions for success in this are the desire of the grower himself, the creation of comfortable conditions and proper care for the young plant.

Watch the video: How to Propagate Episcia Plants (August 2022).