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When the begonia fades and only greens remain, novice growers begin to wonder how to care for begonia during this period and what to do with it so that it blooms beautifully next year.
After the end of budding, the plant accumulates nutrients and goes into a dormant state. During this period, proper care of the flower is equally important. In the article we will tell you in detail what affects the duration of flowering; what to do with withered buds; what are the differences in the subsequent care of a tuberous and non-tuberous variety. And also how to prepare it for flowering.
Many growers plant a crop at the end of February, so that the first buds form at the end of April, and flowering begins in May.
Reference. With proper care, begonias are covered in flowers all year round.
When does it dissolve and how long does it take?
The flowering time is influenced by a number of factors:
- Variety. Simple flowers bloom longer than large-flowered ones.
- Growing method. When the culture is in the open field, flowering is limited by the time frame due to weather conditions. There are varieties of ever-flowering begonias, which, after transplanting from a garden to a pot, are strewn with flowers until spring (you can read about recommendations for caring for annual and perennial begonias here).
- Root system type. Begonias are of two types: with a regular and tuberous system. The first ones bloom almost all year round. The second ones are dug up for the winter.
If the culture does not provide the necessary conditions and care, flowering will be brief or not at all (you can find out about why begonia does not bloom and how to achieve beautiful buds here, and how to grow this plant healthy and beautiful is described here). When the plant is dormant, the ability to bloom depends on when and how the awakening measures are properly taken. Usually this is done in February, and by May the first flowers appear.
What happens during bud opening?
Begonias bloom brightly and profusely. The flowers resemble peonies, roses and carnations. They are simple, terry, large and small.
Flowers are collected in axillary racemose inflorescences that form on the tops of the shoots. The perianth consists of 2-5, and even 7-8 flowers.
For begonias, heterosexual flowers are characteristic. There are women with pistils, men with stamens. Some double male inflorescences may not have stamens. On the back of the female flowers there is a bulge from which the seed capsule is formed. Male flowers have nothing. Read about the signs of male flowers on the plant, as well as about the beautiful flowering varieties of begonias, read our material.
Important! If you remove female flowers from the moment they were formed, the culture will bloom longer and more intensely. The procedure is performed if you do not need to collect seeds.
Processes occurring with begonias during flowering:
- From the beginning of awakening, strength and nutrients accumulate.
- Buds are formed, reproductive organs are formed.
- After the plant is ready for reproduction, male flowers bloom, then female flowers.
- If pollination takes place, the male flowers wither. In women, boxes with seeds ripen.
During this period, begonias need trace elements and nutrients in large quantities. More water, heat and sunlight is required.
What do they do with withered buds?
When the time of lush flowering has passed, all the faded buds are plucked. They can be twisted or cut. Over time, the entire flowering part is removed. The procedure is carried out so that the plants accumulate nutrients for the next flowering. When begonia fades, she needs such help to prepare for a state of rest. Culture gets rid of all that is superfluous. Removing dried flowers preserves the plant's aesthetic and well-groomed appearance.
If you need to collect seeds, leave a few healthy large fruits. The rest is removed. The boxes will ripen in 20-25 days.
Home care after flowering
- After removing the dried flowers, begonia needs pruning. Cut off the stem, leaving 5 centimeters. This is necessary for the culture to gain strength and receive nutrients.
Pruning begonias is carried out with a sharp knife (how to properly trim begonias?). Do not use garden shears so as not to injure the plant.
- In order to prevent decay and speed up the healing process, the cut sites are treated with wood ash.
- After pruning, watering is reduced from the end of October.
- If the shoots have reached 12 cm, they are stopped.
- After the leaves turn yellow, moisture is stopped until spring. The container with the plant is placed in a shaded place with a temperature regime of + 15-17 degrees.
What to do with the plant next?
What to do with the plant depends on the type of root system (you can find out about the types of begonias and its root systems here).
If the begonia is tuberous, the roots are dug out to preserve them until next year. Rules:
- When the aerial part is dry, the tubers are pulled out of the pot.
- Remove all dried roots.
- Inspect for rotting. If there are rotten roots, they are carefully trimmed with a sharp knife. Sprinkle with charcoal powder and dry.
For storage, the tubers are placed in an airtight container, lightly sprinkled with sawdust or wet sand. Planting material is kept in a cold place until spring.
Watch a video on what to do with tuberous begonia during dormancy:
In begonias with a normal root system, the flowering period lasts until spring. Plants are encouraged to rest.
Note! As soon as the flowering begins to decline, the conditions for keeping the culture change from November-December.
To do this, take the following actions:
- Stop feeding.
- Reduce watering. The soil is moistened when it is completely dry.
- Prune the plant. Unnecessary shoots are removed, the main ones are cut, leaving 12-15 cm. Places of cuts are treated with coal powder.
Begonias need to maintain a normal moisture level. You can spray the air around the plant or install a tray of water. Pebbles are poured at the bottom of the container and a pot is placed on top.
The flower is carried away to a dark place. The bright light encourages the resumption of flowering, and the buds are established with a short day of light. The temperature regime during this period is reduced to + 10-15 degrees.
From the video you will learn what to do if the tuberous begonia has faded:
- At the end of February, tuberous begonia is prepared for a new flowering: the tubers are examined and placed in a warm, bright place. After the sprouts appear, the rhizomes are placed in a pot.
- Begonias of non-tuberous varieties are simply transferred to a bright, warm room and watered vigorously. When the plant finally wakes up and grows, it is fertilized. Liquid mineral fertilizers are applied for flowering plants.
Begonia needs care not only before budding begins. The end of flowering is the next stage in the plant care cycle. How the culture ends the current year depends on its state in the next. Begonias need to be looked after all year round, taking into account the peculiarities of different periods.