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Acquaintance with the hybrid variety of the Chinese radish Elephant Fang. Practical tips for growing root crops

Acquaintance with the hybrid variety of the Chinese radish Elephant Fang. Practical tips for growing root crops



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Radish Elephant tusk is a hybrid variety of Chinese radish. The vegetable belongs to the Cabbage (Cruciferous) family.

The plant is easily grown in a seedless way and is suitable for Central Russia.

In our article, we will tell you in detail how this variety looks and what is good, it is better to plant it in a greenhouse or in the open field.

You will learn how to properly grow Chinese Elephant Fang to get a good harvest of this healthy vegetable.

Detailed characteristics and description of the variety

  1. Appearance. Root crops are smooth, oblong, cylindrical, up to 20 cm in length, up to 8 -9 cm in diameter. Fruit color is white with a greenish top. The pulp is white. Root weight - up to 400 - 500 g.

    The rosette of leaves is loose, raised, diameter - 60 - 70 cm. Leaves are green, narrow, dissected, have up to 6 pairs of lateral lobes. The leaf plate is densely pubescent. The fruit itself is raised above the ground by 2/3, it is easily pulled out during harvesting.

  2. When to plant? The elephant tusk is classified as a mid-season variety. It is recommended to sow not earlier than the end of June. The optimal time for planting seeds is mid-July.

    Important: the variety has good keeping quality, suitable for long-term storage.

  3. Productivity. High-yielding variety, from 1 sq. m. you can harvest 3-4 kg of root crops.

    High-yielding variety.

  4. Where is it recommended to grow? Great for outdoor cultivation.

    Sowing is carried out on a flat surface in rows (distance between rows up to 60 - 70 cm), also on beds and ridges (distance between lines up to 40 - 50 cm).

    It can grow on loamy soils. High yields can be achieved on fertile, fertilized soil.

    It is better to sow the variety after potatoes, onions, tomatoes and cucumbers. Not recommended to be planted after cabbage crops.

  5. Disease resistance. The variety is unpretentious, resistant to diseases. However, if the irrigation regime is violated, the soil is overdried, the roots become flabby, flowering appears. The arrows must be cut off immediately so that the fruits ripen fully.

    From an overabundance of fertilizers, the fruits crack, the taste decreases. It is not recommended to introduce fresh manure into the soil, there is a risk of infection with pathogenic infections.

  6. Ripening period. Matures within 2, 5 - 3 months, depending on the region and growing conditions.
  7. What types of soil does he prefer? For a good harvest, the soil should be light, loose, neutral in acidity, well fertilized when sowing.

    The plot is dug deeply, by 20 - 30 cm. Since autumn, rotted manure, compost or humus are introduced. Fertilizers are applied in the spring:

    • potassium salt (20 g per 1 sq.m.);
    • ammonium sulfate (30 g per 1 sq. m.);
    • compost (2 kg per 1 sq. m.);
    • humus (4 kg per 1 sq. m.).

Important! With increased acidity of the soil in the fall, the soil must be neutralized by adding chalk, slaked lime or crushed eggshells when digging a site.

Breeding history

Chinese radish varieties are common in:

  • China;
  • Japan;
  • Korea;
  • The Far East.

The elephant's tusk is grown in Russia, Transcaucasia. The hybrid variety was bred in the Kuban. At first, the variety was zoned, then became widespread throughout Russia.

Today it is one of the most popular and demanded varieties of Chinese radish.

Distinctive features

Differs in stable high productivity and taste useful properties. Root crops are larger in size than European radish varieties.

Unlike other types of radish, the pulp of the root vegetable contains a small amount of rare oil, therefore it has a mild, spicy sweetish taste without sharp bitterness. The pulp is white, juicy, tender, crunchy. With proper wintering, fruits retain their qualities until spring.

Subsorts and hybrids

Red mit

Mid-season variety, not suitable for wintering. Leaves are erect, serrated, dark green in color. Root crops are rounded, greenish tops. Root weight - up to 200 g. Juicy, red pulp. The yield is high.

This is what this variety looks like:

The beauty of the Moscow region

The ripening rate is average, up to 2.5 months. Fruits can be round and elongated. The tops are deep red, the fruit itself is reddish with a purple tint. Root vegetable mass - up to 150 - 200 g. The pulp is white, crispy, slightly sharp.

In the photo - this variety:

October - 2

The hybrid variety matures in 2 - 2.5 months. The root crop is elongated, cylindrical in shape. The fruit is white, the top is green. The pulp is tender, juicy, white.

This is what a vegetable looks like:

Advantages and disadvantages

The vegetable is rich in:

  • vitamins of group B, PP;
  • carotene;
  • amino acids.

Root vegetables contain many minerals:

  • potassium;
  • chlorine;
  • calcium, etc.

The plant is useful for the normalization of the gastrointestinal tract. The essential oils found in the fruit are anti-inflammatory. Root juice dissolves small stones in the kidneys and liver. It is considered an excellent medicine for arthritis, radiculitis. Removes toxins and toxins from the body.

There are contraindications for use, namely:

  1. It is not recommended to eat pregnant women, there are difficulties in bearing the fetus.
  2. Root vegetables should not be eaten raw by nursing mothers.
  3. With chronic gastritis, pancreatitis, heart disease, kidney disease, you can use the fruits only stewed and boiled.

We talked about the benefits, dangers and medicinal properties of Chinese radish here.

What is it used for and where?

The variety does not have a bitter aftertaste, therefore it is used fresh, salted and boiled. The fruits are low in calories and can be used as a dietary product.

  1. Young shoots and leaves are added to salads.
  2. The tops can also be added to pet food.
  3. Root juice mixed with honey is used for colds, flu, coughs.
  4. The crushed root vegetable is used as a local anesthetic as a lotion.

Growing

Important: only well-filled seeds are used for sowing.

Sowing procedure:

  1. On 1 m of the bed, 3 rows are sown at a distance of 35 - 40 cm.
  2. The distance between the seeds is 25 - 30 cm.
  3. Seeds are buried in the soil by 2 - 3 seeds per 1 - 2 cm.
  4. The sowing is moistened, covered with foil for quick germination.
  5. When 2 - 3 leaves appear, the seedlings are thinned out.

Weeding and shallow loosening of the soil are a must.

Watering is regular, at the root. It is important to remember that only frequent and abundant watering gives a high yield.

Ready-made complex dressings are used:

  • Kemira - luxury ";
  • "Kemira - wagon - 2", etc.

During the season, it is necessary to fertilize the soil 2-3 times.

We wrote about the general rules of planting and the peculiarities of growing Margelan radish here, and here you will learn about the sowing time of Loba, depending on the region.

Harvesting and storage

Harvesting is recommended before the first frost. Root crops are dug up in dry weather. On loose soils, the fruits are easily pulled out by the tops; on heavy soils, it is better to dig in with a shovel so as not to damage the root crop.

Leaves are not cut, it is recommended to break off by twisting, the petiole remains 1 - 2 cm long.

It is better to store in wooden boxes, sprinkling the fruits with sand. Can be stored in bulk in the basement, like potatoes. In apartment conditions, root crops are kept in an open cellophane bag, at a temperature of 0-2 ° C.

The required air humidity for wintering is 80 - 85%.

Diseases and pests

  • Red-colored fleas - small jumping bugs gnaw holes in the leaves. The plant is especially attacked in dry hot weather. Leaves and soil should be treated with a mixture of tobacco dust and ash, in a 1: 1 ratio. Heavily infested areas should be sprayed with Decis or Arrivo solution.
  • The Actellik solution will help get rid of slugs and cabbage beetles gnawing at the leaves of the plant.
  • Aphids and wavy fleas are destroyed by a mixture of liquid soap and any insecticidal preparation (Confidor, Aktara) in a 1: 2 ratio.

Important: the treatment of the bushes should be repeated at intervals of 2 weeks.

Prevention of various problems

In order for the fruits to fully ripen, the soil should be regularly and abundantly moistened.

It is important to strictly observe the regimen and dosage of fertilizersso that the roots do not deform, do not lose their taste.

To prevent the appearance of garden pests and diseases immediately, when the first shoots appear, it is necessary to sprinkle the beds with tobacco dust or ash. You can water the plants with a strong infusion of wormwood.

Similar species

  1. White Fang. Refers to mid-season varieties. Also, like the Elephant's Tusk variety, it has an elongated white root crop. The taste is sweet, with a slight bitterness.
  2. Big bull. Domestic mid-season hybrid. Roots are also elongated in shape, pointed at the bottom, wide at the base. The pulp is juicy and has medicinal properties.
  3. Russian size. The variety, like the hybrid Elephant Tusk, is distinguished by an elongated root crop. The fruits are white with a smooth surface. Ripens quickly, retains juiciness for a long time, high yield.

Chinese radish The elephant tusk is perfectly stored, retaining its nutritional and beneficial properties until spring. The variety is quite unpretentious, easy to care for, disease resistant. Produces high yields even on heavier soils.


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