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Tomatoes and peppers are popular vegetable plants found in almost every vegetable garden. Each housewife knows that the cultivation of these crops requires certain knowledge and skills, as well as appropriate conditions.
When planning plantings, the question may arise about the compatibility of two crops and growing them next to each other. Indeed, the quality and volume of the crop depends on the competent neighborhood.
This article describes the secrets of a rich harvest: how to grow tomatoes and peppers together. And also described in detail how to get good seedlings.
Is it possible to grow these vegetables nearby?
Often gardeners ask themselves: is it possible to plant tomatoes and peppers together? These vegetables belong to the same family - the nightshade. They do not conflict with each other, they have similar requirements for the quality and nutritional value of the soil. They need similar growing conditions and similar care. therefore It is allowed to plant tomatoes with peppers, both in the open field and in the greenhouse.
We suggest watching a video on whether peppers and tomatoes can be placed together during planting:
Features of co-cultivation
- As representatives of the nightshade, peppers and tomatoes share common diseases and are affected by the same pests. It is necessary to provide prevention and protection against insects and infections.
- Peppers love warmth, and tomatoes need ventilation. You should think about placement in the greenhouse in advance: peppers - away from the entrance and drafts, tomatoes - closer to the doors and ventilation.
- Tomato bushes are taller than peppers, grow strongly and can block peppers from the sun. Joint planting is planned taking into account the direction of illumination, peppers - from the sunny side.
On a joint bed of tomatoes and peppers, marigolds can be planted around the edges, they scare away nightshade pests.
Feasibility of the method
If conditions permit, it is better to grow peppers and tomatoes separately. (read more about the nuances of tomato cultivation here). But if there is not enough space both in greenhouses and in open beds, then joint planting will be a good way out.
- Saving space.
- Tomatoes protect peppers from aphids.
- Saving time for care.
- Less fertilizer per unit area.
- Increased risk of common diseases.
- Attracting insect pests.
- Accelerated soil depletion.
- Sufficient air humidity.
- Good illumination.
- Loamy nutrient soil.
- Warm conditions.
- Watering with warm water.
- Fertilization with potassium and phosphorus.
Prerequisites for tomatoes
- Dry air.
- Good lighting.
- Loamy soil with humus.
- Moderate temperature.
- Frequent airing.
- Top dressing with nitrogen and phosphorus.
- Not frequent, but abundant watering.
How can cultures be reconciled?
- Maintain the distance between the plants so that the roots do not interfere with each other and the leaves of the plants do not touch.
- Sufficiently loose planting - tall tomatoes should not cover the peppers from the sun.
- Carrying out the garter and pinching on time so that the tomatoes do not interfere with the peppers during growth.
Selection of varieties
The choice of tomato varieties depends on the characteristics of the growing region and weather conditions. When buying, take into account the planting time, disease resistance, purpose - for a greenhouse or open ground.
For the rational use of the place, tall varieties are chosen.:
- tomatoes (One hundred pounds, Sugar bison, Wild rose, Scarlet sails);
- peppers (Bourgeois, Cardinal, Atlant, Janica, Orange miracle).
For the prevention of diseases - special hybrids for greenhouses, resistant to temperature extremes and infections:
- tomatoes (Cardinal, Ogorodnik, Gypsy, Resonance, De Barao);
- peppers (Hercules, Claudio, Arsenal, Swallow, Viking, Bogatyr).
For open ground
Combinations of undersized varieties are suitable:
- tomatoes (Pearl red, Mikado, Riddle, Gourmet);
- peppers (Dubok, Merchant, Atlant, Victoria).
To prevent pests, choose early and mid-season varieties that are resistant to low temperatures and diseases:
- tomatoes (Cardinal, Betta, Anyuta, Pepper);
- peppers (Litsedei, Bagration, Nafanya, Kolobok, Sibiryak).
How to get good seedlings at home?
A similar technology is used to grow seedlings of peppers and tomatoes.
- Late varieties of peppers and tomatoes are sown in February-March. Early varieties are in March-April.
- Peppers take longer to grow than tomatoes, so they are sown on seedlings a week earlier than tomatoes. Tomatoes sprout 3-5 days, peppers 7-10 days.
- Seeds are sorted, discarding small, dark and broken ones. It is convenient to sort the seeds in a salt solution (2 tablespoons per 1 liter of water). Floated seeds are not suitable for sowing. Those settled to the bottom are suitable for planting. Each variety is sorted separately.
- For disinfection, the seeds are kept for half an hour in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- To awaken the embryos and accelerate growth, the seeds of tomatoes and peppers are soaked for 2 hours in heated water at a temperature not exceeding 60 degrees or in a solution of a biostimulator (Epin, Novosil, Zircon).
Read more about how to process tomato seeds before sowing in a separate article.
Selection of containers and soil for growing
- Use a seedling container or food container of a convenient size. They are washed and disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate.
- The purchased soil contains all the necessary additives for the growth of seedlings and is ready to use. The soil from the garden is disinfected and mixed with:
Consider how to properly plant the seeds of two crops for seedlings at home. Planting seedlings of pepper and tomato seeds has similar methods.:
- 1 way - sow many seeds in one container at once in rows at a distance of 5 cm, with a step of 2-3 cm. Cover with loose soil on top, water. After germination, plant in separate containers (dive).
- 2 way - plant two seeds in separate small containers, after seed germination, leave what is stronger, and do not transplant until planting in the ground.
- 3 way - pre-germinate the seeds under a film, gauze or toilet paper, plant one germinated seed in separate containers (you can learn more about how to plant tomatoes for seedlings without soil here).
Each variety is sown separately and labeled. All containers are covered with foil until the first shoots appear.
We talked in detail about how to properly grow and care for tomato seedlings in this article.
The pick is carried out the same for peppers and tomatoes.:
- Prepared containers are filled with a third of earth.
- With a small spoon or spatula, pry the plant along with the soil from the common container.
- The plant is placed in a glass, the gaps are covered with loose soil, watered, and the soil is compacted.
Tomatoes give side shoots; when picking, the plant can be deepened lower. You do not need to deepen the pepper, cover it with earth at the level of the old planting.
Read more about the non-picking method of sowing seeds here, and from this article you will learn about the features of growing tomato seedlings in five-liter and other bottles without picking.
We offer you to watch a video about the rules for picking tomatoes and peppers:
Before planting in the soil, the seedlings are gradually hardened., for this, it is first taken out to a cooler room, such as a balcony, veranda. After that, they are taken out into the street under a canopy or in a greenhouse so that the plant gets used to the fresh air and sun.
How to plant correctly: step by step instructions
Seedlings can be planted in greenhouses in late April - early May. On open beds after May 10-15, depending on the region, at a temperature of at least 15 degrees at night.
We offer you to watch a video on how crops are planted in a greenhouse:
It should be noted that zones are delimited in the greenhouse: on one side of the greenhouse - rows of tomatoes, on the other - rows of peppers... Or they are placed in a mirror image - rows of tomatoes along the walls of the greenhouse, and to the center - peppers in a checkerboard pattern.
In the open field, joint plantings are placed in rows - a row of tomatoes and a row of peppers with a distance between rows of 60-80 cm.
Or they grow tomatoes and peppers in the same bed: peppers are planted along the edge of the tomato garden in a checkerboard pattern.
Rules for open ground and greenhouses
as needed. To protect against weeds, joint plantings of tomatoes and peppers can be mulched with hay and straw.
In the greenhouse, tomatoes are formed into one stem, removing all stepchildren and lower leaves up to the first brush. Tall peppers in the greenhouse are also formed into one stem, cutting off all the stepchildren.
For open ground, tall tomatoes and medium-sized peppers are formed into 2-3 stemsleaving strong strong stepchildren. Low-growing tomatoes and peppers can not be pinned, but the weak shoots growing inward can be cut off.
Read more about growing tomatoes in the open field here.
We offer you to see a video about the rules for pinching tomatoes and peppers:
Tying is necessary for tomatoes, and tall varieties of peppers in greenhouses. For this purpose, trellises are used, ropes are pulled to them from each bush, and as it grows, the plant is wrapped with a rope, or tied to trellises.
Before planting seedlings, the soil is enriched with superphosphate and wood ash. For joint planting of tomatoes and peppers, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are suitable. Standard feeding scheme:
- 1 tbsp superphosphate;
- 1 tsp potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water.
You can add to this mixture:
- infusion of chicken droppings or manure;
- 0.5 tsp boric acid;
- 1 tbsp. wood ash;
- 1 tbsp nitrophoska.
The first feeding is carried out 2-3 weeks after planting the seedlings, the second - after 10 days. Subsequent - in 10-15 days. For fruiting, 2 tbsp is introduced into the soil. superphosphate and 1 tbsp. sodium humate, diluted in 10 liters. water.
We offer you to watch a video about the technology of fertilizing tomatoes and peppers:
We talked in detail about planting tomatoes in a greenhouse, greenhouse, open ground, as well as how to grow tall and healthy vegetables in a separate article.
Pest and disease control and prevention
Two weeks after planting in a greenhouse or soil for the prevention of late blight, tomatoes are sprayed with copper chloride or a copper-soap emulsion.
During the season, they regularly disinfect against late blight with copper or iodine solution (10 ml per 10 liters of water). The last treatment for diseases is carried out 20 days before harvest.
From aphids on peppers, and other pests of tomatoes, plants are sprayed with an ash solution (50 g each of ash, tobacco and laundry soap per 10 liters of water) or special ready-made products.
Growing tomatoes and peppers together has both pros and cons. In order for the plants to develop well and not interfere with each other, you need to know the peculiarities of their combination. Competent care will allow you to harvest a double crop from a small space.