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Spinach is quite resistant to temperature extremes, which is why it is grown in spring, summer and autumn. Already at 4-5 ° C, the seeds sprout.
The culture is quite unpretentious and popular among gardeners, since the variety of species allows you to choose a variety that is suitable for certain conditions. About when to plant a plant and which variety is best suited for a particular time of the year, we will tell you in our article.
This leafy vegetable is suitable not only for making fresh salads, but also for soups and canning.
It is believed that spinach should be present in the diet of a healthy diet and is also suitable for those looking to lose weight.
When to plant early, mid-season and late varieties?
Spinach in the middle lane and northern regions is planted based on weather conditions and the purpose of growing. Early ripening varieties are planted on a conveyor belt to harvest several times per season. Varieties with a longer ripening period are planted according to the weather, although spinach is frost-resistant, but too low a temperature will weaken the root system and the death of the plant.
In Central Russia
In Central Russia, weather conditions at the end of April make it possible to plant this crop. Early ripening varieties are sown from late April to late August, while mid-ripening varieties are sown from mid-April to late July.
In Siberia, disembarkation begins no earlier than the May holidays.... Only in mid-May does the ground get warm enough for the seeds to sprout successfully.
In the Urals
The landing time in this region is about the same as in Siberia. Many people plant a crop in the summer, in June or July, then the harvest occurs in early autumn. But, since in especially sunny weather the plant is prone to shooting and flowering, you should choose species that are not susceptible to this phenomenon or hybrids.
Since spinach is an undemanding and resilient plant, it is grown just as well in harsh climates as in the central regions. The first spring planting takes place about a month later, and the early fall temperatures are taken into account. There are no fundamental differences in care and cultivation.
In the spring, planting spinach begins immediately after the snow melts... Early varieties are sown in March or April in several approaches, at intervals of 14 days. Early ripening crops give a harvest in 25-35 days.
What to sow in spring?
An early ripening variety, suitable for planting in early spring, is sown from early March, or as soon as the snow melts. 2 or 3 weeks after the emergence of the shoots, the first leaves are cut off. Suitable only for open ground.
It is planted in March and early April, it takes 25 days for seedlings to emerge, after two weeks the leaves are ready for use.
Since this view resistant to night frost, it is sown in March. This variety is only suitable for early spring sowing.
How to equip the soil?
The soil is prepared in the fall. The earth is dug up, fertilized with compost or rotted manure. To reduce the acidity of the soil, it is advisable to add a little chalk, lime or dolomite flour when digging. Before sowing, the seeds are soaked in water for 1-2 days. This will ensure faster germination in the soil.
How to plant with seeds?
After swelling, the seeds are dried and sown on the garden bed. The furrows of the rows should not be deeper than 1 cm, the distance between the seeds is 4-5 cm, and the gap between the rows is about 20-25 cm. After planting, the spinach seeds are covered with a thin layer of nutritious soil. and watered with warm water.
You can find more information on how to grow spinach from seeds here.
How to proceed in the summer?
If spinach is planted in the summer months, depending on the ripening period, the ready-to-eat leaves are harvested in the fall, before the onset of frost.
In summer, mid-ripening and early-ripening, flowering-resistant species are planted.
For summer planting, seeds are sown in mid-June.... Known as a fruitful variety, the rosette reaches a size of 30-50 cm.
A mid-season variety that also tolerates the hot summer months without a pronounced flowering. Planted from late May to late August. Medium rosette 17-28 cm.
Late-ripening plant species. It has a shallow rosette and is resistant to flowering, so the harvesting period reaches 30 days. Planted until November, but for the summer harvest, seeds are sown in May..
Has high yield rates. Loves warmth, light, moisture, therefore it is suitable for growing in summer. The green mass is ready to be harvested 25-35 days after germination. It is grown outdoors from May until the first frost.
When planting plants in summer, fertilizer is applied to the soil two weeks before sowing. Provides constant watering for high yields, before planting, the ground is also moistened. The addition of ammonium sulfate stimulates rapid growth. The seeds are supposed to be soaked for two days, as well as during spring sowing.
How to proceed?
When planting in summer, it is necessary to remember about additional moisture, in contrast to spring, when the soil is saturated with melt water, and shading of the crop if the temperature rises above 26⁰С.
After sowing, it is recommended to cover the bed with a film; in a greenhouse, the seeds will germinate more easily and faster.
Is open ground suitable in autumn?
In the fall, spinach is sown in open ground in order to get an early harvest in the spring.... Cold-hardy culture quite successfully endure winter under the snow. In this case, the sowing time is calculated in such a way that the culture has time to form the first rosette of leaves before the onset of stable cold weather.
Adult plants are very cold hardy. Sowing takes place in late September, early October, depending on the weather conditions in the region.
Very resistant to any adverse environmental conditions. One of the most productive varieties. Planting is possible from late September to late March.
Hybrid variety, forms a large rosette with many leaves... Well tolerates climate change, planted in September.
Not afraid of frost, resistant to diseases, unpretentious. Pouring large, juicy, sowing is carried out from mid-October.
For the autumn planting of crops, the soil is prepared in spring or summer. The soil is dug deeply, a large amount of organic fertilizers is added. In the absence of humus, mineral fertilizers will also work. Enough 15 g of potassium chloride and 30 g of superphosphate.
How to sow?
When planting in autumn, the seeds of the plant should not be pre-soaked in water.as for spring sowing. They are sown dry, the ground is tamped after disembarkation, but not too much.
To extend the harvest time, spinach is planted in a greenhouse. For this, they provide good lighting and heating in case of severe cold snap.
This method is suitable for regions with a harsh climate.
Autumn types of plants for the greenhouse
Early ripening species, perfect for greenhouses... The rosette of leaves reaches 55-60 cm in diameter. Stalk resistant.
In autumn they are planted in a greenhouse in September. The growing season is not more than 35 days. The leaves contain a large amount of vitamins.
Prima and Casta
Hybrid varieties such as Prima and Kasta are also suitable for greenhouses.... They are distinguished by high productivity and are resistant to temperature extremes. In autumn they are planted in September or October.
How to Prepare?
They dig up the soil, add 5-6 kg of humus per 1 m² of soil, add complex fertilizer and ash. Then the soil is rolled up a little so that the seedlings do not protrude very strongly to the surface and do not dry out. It is recommended to plant the crop in the greenhouse no later than the end of October, otherwise it will take root poorly.
The second sowing in greenhouses is done in January or February. Time is calculated so that the first harvest is obtained before severe frost.
What do we have to do?
In the greenhouse, the ground is watered before planting with hot water.... The seeds are buried in the soil by 2-4 cm. The water in which the seeds are soaked before planting is changed several times. The space between the rows is about 50 cm.
Can it be grown in winter?
Planting spinach in frozen ground in late autumn is possible. Dry seeds are placed in holes and then covered with sawdust, foliage and snow. After such sowing, the shoots will sprout immediately after the snow melts. The layout of the beds is the same as for spring-summer planting. For such cultivation, frost-resistant varieties of Boa, GIANT WINTER, etc. are taken.
Cultivating at home
You can grow spinach on a windowsill or balcony all year round... In winter, additional lighting is required, and in summer, constant watering and spraying. For this purpose, both flower pots and containers or wooden boxes are suitable. It is preferable to take early maturing varieties, while the plant is grown both by seeds and seedlings.
Ready-made potting mixes are sold in stores, you need to choose a mixture that does not contain peat.
As with sowing on open ground, the seeds are pre-soaked with water and planted in the ground to a depth of 1-1.5 cm.
At home, the plant is suitable for harvesting no more than two months., as it releases arrows rather quickly and begins to bloom.
Then the leaves are no longer good for food. To get a good harvest in the apartment, early maturing types of culture are suitable. It:
- Indian spinach.
Spinach contains a lot of beneficial trace elements... It helps to raise hemoglobin and cope with vitamin deficiency. There are no particular differences when growing and caring for this plant in a vegetable garden, in a greenhouse or at home. In addition, the culture is unpretentious and hardy, so it gives a high yield at any latitude.