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After hearing about the beneficial properties of ginger, you bought an exotic root, but because of the unusual pungent taste, you could not use it right away. A few days later, he showed signs of life.
What to do? Plant it in the ground or eat it? This article will show you how to deal with this situation and prevent germination.
Some people specifically buy healthy ginger root and wait for it to germinate in order to plant it in a pot or, if the climate permits, in the open ground and get their own harvest on their site.
When can the rhizome sprout?
What is called the ginger root in everyday life is actually its rhizome, that is, a modified underground shoot.
Each rhizome has so-called eyes - the rudiments of real, aerial shoots. Under favorable conditions, these eyes swell, turn bright green, and soon elongated sharp shoots appear from them, resembling onion arrows. In such cases, the ginger is said to have sprouted.
Can this be avoided?
To avoid being faced with the plant-or-no-plant choices again, store your ginger properly. In the refrigerator, the likelihood of awakening shoots is reduced, but still remains.
To completely eliminate this possibility, peel the root from the skin (remove a very thin layer of the skin, since most of the valuable substances are concentrated under it), cut it into small pieces, fill it with water, put it in the refrigerator.
Store the cut rhizomes for a week. You can grate the ginger and freeze it, or pour it over with vodka. However, with any method of storage, some of the nutrients are destroyed, so it is safest to use ginger in the first days after purchase.
Do I need to forcefully stimulate?
If you want to grow ginger from the root, you can stimulate the growth of the shoots. This is especially true for open ground. You need to start germination at the turn of February and March. For planting, get a smooth root with an elastic intact skin, with many "eyes".
How to germinate?
- ceramic or glassware;
- container with warm water;
- sharp knife;
- crushed charcoal or activated carbon, or ash;
- potassium permanganate;
- low container;
- drainage material (for example, expanded clay or broken brick);
- ready-made soil for seedlings or a mixture of turf soil with humus (3: 2).
- Wash the rhizome with warm water and soak it for a week in a ceramic or glass container in a warm, damp place, for example, near a battery.
- Place it in warm water for several hours before planting.
- Disinfect the knife, cut the rhizome into pieces, so that each of them has two eyes.
- Sprinkle the cuts with charcoal or ash (when planting in a pot, you can treat them with potassium permanganate) and dry them.
- Place a drainage layer on the bottom of the container, pour soil on top.
- Lay out the prepared roots on its surface with the eyes up.
- Sprinkle them with a layer of soil 2-2.5 cm and pour well with warm water.
How to plant a sprouted?
How do you know when a sprouted ginger is ready to plant? Green shoots should appear from the ground, and warm weather should be established outside. Next, we'll talk about how to plant a root if it has sprouted.
In open ground
In Russia, ginger can be grown in the southern regions and in the middle lane. It takes about 8 months from germination to harvest. In temperate climates, it is best to grow it in a greenhouse or greenhouse. Ginger loves partial shade. Protect the landing site from the wind. The soil should be loose, breathable and well-drained.
If you have germinated the rhizome in advance, then the seedlings can be planted in the furrows:
- Create several furrows in the garden bed with a row spacing of about 65 cm.
- Pour warm water over them.
- Plant the seedlings in furrows about 15 cm apart and cover them with soil.
- Mulch the soil with humus or dry peat.
Ginger roots can be planted outdoors and without prior germination. This method is suitable for the southern regions, where it only takes about six months for the crop to ripen. Prepare the rhizome for planting as described above (keep it warm, cut it, cut it with charcoal and dry it). Then follow these steps:
- Dig a hole about 20 cm deep.
- Place on the bottom one layer of small stones and sand, 2 cm each.
- Cover the holes with soil.
- Bury the prepared pieces of rhizome in the ground 2-3 cm with the eyes up.
- Water the plantings liberally.
For more information on how to plant ginger outdoors, see this article.
Of course, ginger root can sprout "spontaneously" at any time of the year, but to get a harvest, it is best to plant it in the spring or winter. The windowsill should be well lit, but ginger cannot stand direct sunlight.
As in the open field, the soil should be good for moisture and air. Choose a wide, shallow plastic pot with drainage holes. Prepare the rhizome and start planting:
- Lay a layer of drainage on the bottom of the pot - expanded clay, pebbles, broken brick, eggshells, tree bark, or even dry tangerine peels. The larger the holes in the pot, the larger the material should be.
- Heat the soil in the oven and pour it into the pot.
- Spread the pieces of rhizome on the surface of the soil buds upwards at a distance of 3 cm from each other, water well and sprinkle with earth, without closing the eyes.
The procedure for planting ginger at home was given in a separate article, and here you will find a practical guide that will help you grow a plant at home correctly.
Ginger is unpretentious, and caring for it will not be particularly difficult. But remember that from stagnant moisture, the root can rot, and the plant will die. Don't overdo it with watering. Protect plantings from wind and draft. In addition, if ginger is grown in the open field, then the size of the ripened tubers is the smaller, the further north the region is. But this does not affect the taste and medicinal properties of the crop.
How else can you use it?
Unlike potatoes, sprouted ginger does not contain toxic compounds.
If you don't want to bother with planting, use it as usual - grate and add to tea (it is good to throw a few frozen sea buckthorn berries in such a drink), boil jam or marinate. You can make a face and body mask from it. Of course, the sprouted rhizome contains fewer nutrients, but it cannot harm either.
Now you know what to do with a sprouted ginger root. Plant it in a pot, and if the climate of your region allows, then in open ground. Or maybe you are fired up with the desire to specially germinate the rhizome? Then run to the supermarket and pick a healthy spine.