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The tomato is one of the most capricious plants in terms of maintenance and soil. This vegetable is very picky about the composition and moisture of the soil.
Experienced gardeners can prepare the ground for planting tomatoes for seedlings on their own. An alternative is to purchase ready-made soil in the store.
It is much more convenient to use ready-made soil mixture than to prepare it yourself. But the disadvantage of finished products is low quality.
The importance of the right soil
Preparing or acquiring suitable soil is the main and most important step in growing seedlings. How strong the seedlings will be depends mainly on the quality of the soil and its composition. The correct chemical composition of the earth has a beneficial effect on seedlings.
The soil for tomato seedlings should have the following qualities:
Also the soil must have an increased moisture capacity... A suitable acidity level is almost neutral.
The consequences of a wrong choice
In the case when the soil for tomato seedlings is not suitable, the consequences can be dire. Seedlings may simply not sprout, and an inexperienced gardener will be left without a tomato crop.
To avoid negative consequences, you should adhere to several rules.
- For growing seedlings, you cannot use organic fertilizers in the decay stage. These fertilizers burn the seeds of the tomato.
- The content of clay in the sand is contraindicated. Such sand makes the soil heavier, which has a detrimental effect on seedlings.
- The soil should not contain heavy metals, therefore it is not recommended to collect it near factories and highways.
In what soil to plant: the necessary substances and chemical elements in the composition
Soil is the main source of nutrients consumed by the plant during growth. The soil for tomato seedlings must be rich in trace elements and vitamins. Otherwise, the seedlings will get sick and die. The correct composition of the soil must necessarily include:
Thanks to these very chemical elements, tomatoes grow strong and healthy.
In the standard composition, any component can be replaced with a similar one or other substances can be added. The following components may be present in the basic composition of the soil:
- Sphagnum moss. Helps improve breathability.
- Meadow and turf soil.
- Coniferous needles. Protects young seedlings from pests and aphids, and also helps to increase yields.
- Peat. Improves looseness and moisture content. Due to the increased acidity of peat, it is recommended to dilute it with dolomite flour or chalk. The coarse fibers in peat contribute to entanglement of the root system. It is for this reason that it is recommended to sift peat beforehand.
- Leafy soil. Gives lightness to the soil and makes it friable, but contains a small amount of nutrients. Therefore, the missing components will have to be added to the composition of leafy soil.
Tomatoes react very negatively to tannins, therefore, it is not recommended to collect leafy soil under an oak or willow for seedlings.
- Sand is a natural baking powder. A prerequisite is that the sand used for growing seedlings must be clean, washed, without pieces of clay. Before adding to the composition of the soil, the sand must be rinsed well with running water and calcined in the oven.
- Perlite is used as a leavening agent and moisture-retaining component.
- Humus. In order not to ruin young tomato shoots, you need to use only well-rotted humus. Before adding the component requires mandatory sieving.
- Sawdust can easily replace peat or sand that is part of the soil. When preparing a soil mixture for seedlings, it is recommended to use clean sawdust, previously scalded with boiling water.
How to cook it yourself?
Many experienced gardeners prefer to prepare the soil for tomato seedlings on their own, rather than buying from the store.
You need to start preparing in the fall... To do this, you need to pour the earth into a box and leave it outside or on the balcony until spring. During the frost period, all harmful microbes die, and the earth itself becomes sterile. About a week before sowing the seeds, the soil must be brought into the house to warm up.
After the soil has thawed, you can start mixing all the necessary components. This must be done a few days before sowing tomato seeds.
There are several options for preparing soil for tomato seedlings:
- For the mixture, leafy soil, earth, humus and sand are taken in equal parts. All components are mixed. The soil for seedlings is spilled with a pre-prepared special solution consisting of 30 g of superphosphate, 10 g of carbamide and 25 g of potassium sulfate. After a few days, seeds can be sown in the ground.
- Sod soil, sand and peat are taken in equal parts. 500 g of ash and 2 tbsp are added to the finished soil. superphosphate. Everything is mixed again and left for several days. Then you can start growing seedlings.
- 1 part of humus is mixed with 1 part of sand and 2 parts of turf soil. Also, 500 g of ash is added to the composition. All components are mixed and after a few days you can start sowing seeds into the ground.
It is important to remember that the seeds must be sorted out before sowing. This is done in order to avoid growing obviously sick tomatoes.
Varieties of ready-made compost
If it is still decided to purchase soil for tomato seedlings, then this must be done correctly. Otherwise, the seedlings will simply die. It is best for growing tomato seedlings universal species.
|Name||Price in Moscow||Price in St. Petersburg|
|"Living Earth", 50 l||From 250 rubles.||From 359 rub|
|"Microparnik", 20 l||From 74 rub.||From 82 rub.|
|"Biud Grunt", 5 l||From 72 rub.||From 81 rub.|
|"Gumimax", 5 l||From 99 rub.||From 113 rubles.|
|"Garden land", 50 l||From 240 rub.||From 324 rub.|
What soil do tomatoes like: acidic or alkaline?
Before sowing tomato seeds, it is recommended to clarify which soil is best used for growing tomato seedlings (and peppers, if planted nearby) - sour or alkaline.
The soil for growing tomato seedlings should be slightly acidic... The ideal pH for tomatoes is between 5.5-6.5. Acidity is determined using a special tool, which can be purchased at any store.
Tomatoes do not accept alkaline soil, as it helps dry out and burn the seeds. And this negatively affects the yield.
Differences in soil for growing
It should be noted that land for seedlings is different from land for growing tomatoes... Their main difference is the composition of the finished soil. For growing tomatoes, you can take a denser soil than for seedlings.
The soil for seedlings should contain the maximum amount of useful trace elements and vitamins that contribute to the rapid germination of seeds. This is due to the fact that adult bushes have already grown stronger and can adapt to any species, and the seeds need a lot of strength to germinate.
Many people wonder why their tomato seedlings are dying, because the land is the same as in the garden. But not everyone knows that for seedlings, it is necessary to use specially prepared and enriched with nutrients soil... In order not to get into such an unpleasant situation, you need to carefully study the composition of the soil on the package or find out how to prepare it.