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Ginger is a perennial herb. It has a branched rhizome (the famous "horned root"), sharp leaves and unusual large flowers.
There are more than 1000 varieties of culture. There are specimens with a blue or greenish core or with the smell of kerosene.
Scientists collect details about the history of ginger to this day, since the plant is quite ancient and there are few reliable facts about its origin and development.
Homeland of the plant: where does it originate from?
So what is it and where does it come from? In European countries, ginger began to be used in the 9-12 centuries.... This spice was brought by Arab merchants who had a monopoly on the spice trade. The merchants kept the homeland of ginger a secret for a long time. They said that ginger grows at the end of the world and is guarded by cavemen. With such statements, they raised the price of this healing root. The plant was considered a delicacy, only wealthy people could afford it. Massively ginger has been available since the 18th century.
The South and East of Asia is considered the birthplace of culture. These are countries such as China, India and Indonesia.
Briefly about the history of distribution
Ginger or "white root" is cultivated in regions where it is humid and warm... The real (medicinal) variety is found only in South Asia in the shade of tropical forests. There are plantations of other varieties in the following countries:
- South America (Argentina, Brazil);
- Jamaica island.
Where is the root grown?
This unique plant is grown for a variety of purposes. Spices, medicines are prepared from it, used in the field of cosmetology and perfumery.
So how does the spice grow in nature? Ginger is no longer found in the wild... But the most suitable climates for growth are in the South of Africa and East Asia.
Ginger is mainly grown today in a "civilized" and industrial scale. There are fields, farms and plantations in all areas with suitable weather conditions.
There are both very young farms and the oldest ginger plantations. (over 200 years), where they organize sightseeing tours.
Worldwide: for human consumption
The largest suppliers of spicy root vegetables are India, China, Australia, Jamaica and Africa. These countries are considered to be the world's spice producers. The largest fields are planted with ginger, and the resulting crop is exported.
In our climate, ginger is not grown. Culture does not grow even in economic regions: Krasnodar, Caucasus, Moscow region... Growing is permissible only in closed greenhouses, greenhouses, vegetariums, pots or tubs.
In the open field
It is quite difficult to grow a culture in the open field in Russia. The plant needs a long warm period to grow. Our country does not have a suitable tropical climate. The solution to the problem is heated greenhouses.
The culture will grow in warm regions:
- Rostov region;
- Moscow region.
You can take a chance and plant ginger in a greenhouse in any city in Russia, which is located outside the permafrost.
Ginger can be grown on windowsills as an ornamental plant... Florists love the plant for its unusual flower that appears on an unsightly plant. The plant needs high temperature and high humidity (it needs to be sprayed daily).
Appearance and photos
The appearance and growth phases will differ depending on the region and growing conditions of the ginger.
It resembles a reed or reed. It has a powerful rhizome with many branches. The flowering shoot develops separately from the vegetative one. At the top of the plant is a fleshy inflorescence that resembles an ear in shape. The inflorescence is located next to the bracts. There are flowers in their axils. The shades of the plant depend on the variety... In the wild, it can grow up to 2 m. Propagated by tubers.
Such ginger is more modest in size: it reaches 160 cm in height. In tropical and subtropical latitudes, ginger is planted as a potato. Does not require special care. A ginger root with dormant buds is planted in the ground. Shoots appear in 30-45 days. Harvested in 6-12 months (depending on the region).
A signal that the ginger is ripe is yellowed and falling leaves.
Consequences of unsuitable climatic conditions
If ginger is planted in an area with an unsuitable climate, the consequences may be as follows:
- abnormal short stature of the plant (below 40 cm);
- extremely rare, dim and fast flowering;
- small size of the root crop;
- soreness of the bush;
- decay and yellowing of green mass;
- ginger shoots just won't appear.
So, ginger - a spice native to South Asia... It is grown commercially in regions with warm and humid climates. The largest exporters of culture are China, India, Africa, Australia. In Russia, harvesting is possible only in a greenhouse. Also in our country, ginger is grown as an ornamental home plant.