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Fennel (pharmaceutical dill) is an extremely useful, medicinal and versatile plant. In addition, it has a pleasant taste, for which it is especially appreciated in cooking.
Fennel is an unusual herb with antioxidant properties. The substances included in its composition have found application in cosmetology. In addition, it has been proven that the use of this plant has a healing effect.
Fennel fruits have many beneficial properties. This spicy herb will be extremely useful for the fairer sex.
What is the benefit?
This plant is unique in its composition. It contains:
- the mass of vitamins (A - 7 μg, B - 1, 1 mg, E, PP - 6.05 mg, C - 21 μg);
- minerals (manganese - 6.5 mg, potassium - 16.94 mg, calcium - 1196 mg, copper - 10.67 mg, iron - 18.54 mg);
- fatty acids (linoleic, oleic);
- amino acids (lysine, threonine, arginine, histidine);
- flavonoids and many other beneficial substances.
Each of these elements bears its own benefit to the body, and together they have a beneficial effect on the human body:
- The plant has anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, carminative properties.
- It acts as an expectorant, diuretic, laxative, sedative, antiseptic.
- Indispensable for problems with the gastrointestinal tract, colds, conjunctivitis and skin diseases.
Fennel is especially useful for women: it has a healing effect on the body of the fairer sex, who suffers from:
- mood swings;
- irregular menstrual cycle;
- The spice can relieve PMS symptoms and menopause;
- its use is useful for scanty menstruation and sexual infantilism.
For ladies who want to lose weight, seeds will help speed up metabolism, reduce hunger. This plant is very low in calories: 100 g contains only 31 kcal, 0 g of carbohydrates, 0 g of fat, 1 g of protein, 3 g of fiber.
Read more about the beneficial properties of fennel and its contraindications in a separate article.
Not all women are allowed to consume fennel while carrying a child. Despite the fact that in the first trimester of pregnancy, fennel tea will ideally help to cope with painful attacks of toxicosis, women with pathologies in the course of pregnancy and, especially, with the threat of miscarriage, the use of spices is strictly prohibited.
This is justified by the fact that pharmaceutical dill is a good antispasmodic, the effect of which extends to all muscles in the body, including internal organs. The uterus is a muscular organ, and fennel can cause it to contract, resulting in bleeding and miscarriage.
The benefits of fruits or seeds
Many people mistakenly separate the concepts of "fruits of fennel" and "fennel seeds". In fact, it is one and the same: from the yellow flowers of the plant, fruits are formed, greenish-brown droppings, which, once in the ground, can give "offspring".
Fennel fruits are saturated with fatty oils (12 to 18%) and valuable acids (linoleic, palmitic, oleic, etc.). These useful ingredients will help with:
- inflammatory diseases of the ENT organs and respiratory organs.
Can it be harmful?
Fennel has practically no contraindications. But still you shouldn't use it:
- Pregnant women with a threat of miscarriage, in the second half of pregnancy (can cause uterine tone).
- Patients with epilepsy.
- Suffering from acute or chronic diarrhea (fennel has a laxative effect).
- Individual intolerance.
- Propensity for allergic reactions to food.
In any case, if you are in doubt about whether fennel can be eaten, then you should consult your doctor.
This also applies to any recipes for traditional medicine: any manipulations with health must be coordinated with a doctor. And with an approving answer, it is important to strictly follow the recipe, avoiding deviations.
Therapeutic effect and application in cosmetology
Fennel is a powerful antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals, which is the basis of strong immunity.
To strengthen the immune system, fennel can be used as a decoction. The technology for its preparation is simple:
- Seeds - 2 tablespoons, pour a glass of hot water and place in a water bath, boil for 15 minutes, then remove from heat and let it brew for 45 minutes.
- After that, the broth must be filtered, diluted with 200 ml of boiled water and taken.
For adults, the daily dose of decoctions and teas using fennel seeds is from 50 to 100 ml 2 times a day, for pregnant women, the dose should be reduced - from 20 to 50 ml per day (before use, be sure to consult a doctor!).
Learn more about what can be made with fennel and how to use it in cooking and medicine here.
Scientists have found that the first mentions of fennel are found in the books of Ancient India. Even then, it was used as a seasoning for dishes, which not only improves their taste, but also protects against many diseases. Not many people know about the beneficial properties of the root of this plant. Read about this and more in our articles.
For cosmetic purposes, fennel oil is more often used, as it has tonic, anti-aging, antiseptic properties. By systematically adding a few drops of the product to lotion, gel, scrub, mask, you can:
- achieve regenerative processes in skin cells;
- increase its elasticity;
- smooth out wrinkles;
- effectively fight cellulite;
- treat acne breakouts.
You can use these cosmetics regularly. For pregnant women, it is still better to leave the systematic use of funds until the postpartum time, and single applications are permissible, but after the permission of the doctor.
One of the properties of fennel essential oil is its ability to soften rough dry calluses, therefore, it is included in many cosmetics, the action of which is aimed at combating this unpleasant defect. Pure essential oil is added to foot baths (4 - 6 drops per 4 - 5 liters of warm water), after which dry corns can be removed using pumice.
Such a procedure is not contraindicated for pregnant women, but prolonged immersion of the feet in warm water must be agreed with the doctor.
After an insect bite
To prevent the appearance of allergic reactions after an insect bite, spice essential oil has been used for a long time: several times at regular intervals they rubbed the bite site with a tissue flap or cotton swab, on which a few drops of oil were applied.
Another option: the bite site is treated with an alcoholic tincture of fennel (the leaves are filled with vodka or alcohol and infused for 10 days in a dark place). Such a procedure is not contraindicated for expectant mothers, but it is better to consult a doctor first.
For the digestive tract
Fennel is a spicy herb that is actively used in folk medicine to combat gastrointestinal diseases. Fennel has many benefits:
- he will cope with bloating;
- reduce spasms;
- relieve inflammation;
- help in the fight against irritable bowel syndrome;
- even play an important role in the prevention of cancer in this area.
There are many ways to use fennel in the fight against these ailments. This herb can be:
- introduce into your diet (salads, soups, main courses, snacks, juices);
- drink teas;
- infusions based on its fruits;
- even inhalation of essential oil (once a day 3 drops in an aroma lamp) can stimulate the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.
Here is the most common recipe:
- a teaspoon of fennel fruits is poured with a glass of boiling water;
- 10 minutes insist, filter.
Tea is ready. Take half a glass 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
Pregnant women, before deciding on fennel treatment, should consult a doctor, but they can be advised to reduce a single dose to 20-50 ml.
Intestinal colic can torment both adults and newborns (you can find out more about the beneficial and medicinal qualities of fennel for children here). One of the most popular and well-known pharmaceutical remedies to combat colic in infants - dill water - is made on the basis of fennel. This plant will also help adults: the tea recipe given in the "For the digestive tract" paragraph will help to cope with this problem.
But for mothers who are breastfeeding, the following infusion will be useful:
- 1 tbsp seeds are poured with 200 ml of boiling water;
- brew for 30 minutes;
- add 1 tsp. honey (in the absence of allergies).
We talked more about the use of fennel for nursing mothers in a separate article.
Drink 2 tablespoons. before eating. Pregnant women can drink 1 tbsp. this infusion, but only after the permission of the doctor of the antenatal clinic.
Fennel has a beneficial effect on the condition of the scalp and hair, activating their growth and preventing hair loss. It is irreplaceable in the fight against dandruff. A decoction of fennel seeds (1 tablespoon of seeds is poured with a liter of boiling water and infused for an hour) can be used as an additional agent to shampoo or conditioner, or as an independent rinse aid.
Good for hair and spice essential oil: it can be rubbed into the scalp or used as part of any hair mask:
- apply a mask with oil to the hair;
- put on a cellophane hat on top;
- wrap everything with a terry towel;
- after 20 - 30 minutes, the hair must be thoroughly rinsed with shampoo.
The frequency of such procedures is no more than 3 times a week. Pregnant women are not prohibited from using fennel externally, but you should not be zealous either: you can limit yourself to a single use.
Fennel fruits, rich in vitamin C, provide irreplaceable help in the fight against acute respiratory infections, acute respiratory viral infections, influenza, sore throat, and their complications: tonsillitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, while stimulating the immune system. A good effect is given by the combination of two spices in drinks: fennel and ginger.
For cooking you need:
- fennel seeds - 0.5 tsp, pour a glass of boiling water;
- add chopped ginger root (1 cm);
- insist 10 minutes and drink half a glass 3 times a day.
Expectant mothers can drink 50 - 100 ml, but only after the permission of the gynecologist.
What can you cook?
All parts of the plant are edible: stems and leaves are used more often in salads, seeds - in baked goods and in meat dishes, bulbs - in meat, vegetable dishes, soups, they are pickled, baked and salted. Low-calorie and extremely healthy salads and fennel stew, baked chicken with root, vitamin smoothie based on this spice are ideal for women who always watch their weight.
It will be extremely useful for any woman to introduce dishes with fennel into her diet, enrich her first-aid kit and cosmetic bag with preparations that include this plant.