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Marigolds are beautiful flowers that adorn the garden throughout summer and autumn, until the first frost. Unpretentious to care for, lush and bright, these plants are loved by many gardeners.
This article describes in detail the features of the extraordinary flowering of marigolds, recommendations are given for caring for the plant at home.
What they look like: description and photo
There are about fifty varieties of marigolds. Moreover, many of them have useful properties and are used in treatment and cooking (read about the use of marigolds in folk medicine, cosmetology and cooking here). Marigolds came to Europe from Mexico, and then spread to the gardens of the whole world.
The flowers of marigolds have a very diverse, but also recognizable appearance. The buds of marigolds are lush, bright and spherical, with hard petals. Colored in all shades ranging from yellow and orange to reddish brown.
Flowers can be of a single color, but more often they are two-colored with red or burgundy spots on an orange or yellow background. The petals are delicate, velvety in appearance, which gave the name to the plant. The inflorescences are medium in size, depending on the variety, simple or terry.
Of the many types of marigolds, the most famous and popular are:
- Erect (or African) marigolds... Reach the highest growth among other types of marigolds. Plant height can be up to one meter. This species has large double inflorescences that reach fifteen centimeters in diameter.
- Rejected (or French)... Another name is spreading marigolds. French marigolds are small bushes that bloom with many flowers of various shades. Rarely grow above sixty centimeters. The flowers of these plants are collected in non-double and double inflorescences, no more than eight centimeters in diameter.
- Thin-leaved (or Mexican)... The range of their growth is from twenty to forty centimeters. The highly branched shoots give the marigolds a graceful look. This variety has small globular flowers and small, dissected leaves. The inflorescences are not terry, but simple, reaching only two to three centimeters in diameter.
Find out what kind of marigolds are favorites of flower growers and gardeners here.
When does it start?
About two months after planting in the ground, in mid-June, the first flowers appear. Having received the necessary care, marigolds can safely bloom until the first frost.
How long does it take?
Each open bud blooms for about two weeks. Then it starts to crumble. But so the crumbling flowers are quickly replaced by new ones, the impression of continuous flowering is created.
Fading inflorescences need to be torn off so that the marigolds bloom for as long as possible. The flowers have a spicy scent and can be used in cooking or cosmetology.
In order for marigolds to bloom and not get sick, they need proper care. These flowers love water, so they need to be watered every day. At the same time, it is important to ensure that stagnation of water does not form around the roots, from this they will begin to rot and the flower will die. Therefore, it is important that the soil in which the plants will be planted has a high water permeability.
For marigolds, periodic weeding and loosening are very important.
Do not neglect top dressingth. Correctly selected fertilizers will help to achieve an abundance of petals and bright flowering. Universal multicomponent fertilizers are considered the most suitable feed for marigolds. They usually contain nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. Experienced gardeners advise feeding flowers three times during the flowering period.
Do not use fresh manure as fertilizer. It has a bad effect on the flowering of marigolds.
- First feeding... Carried out when the plant grows to about ten centimeters. Solution: a tablespoon of fertilizer and a tablespoon of urea in ten liters of water. Consumption: 2-3 liters per square meter.
- Second feeding... Carried out when the first buds appear. Solution: a tablespoon of superphosphate and a tablespoon of potassium sulfate in 10 liters of water. Consumption: 2-3 liters per square meter.
- Third feeding... It is carried out with abundant flowering of marigolds. Water the flowers before fertilizing (unless it rains). Solution: two tablespoons of nitrophosphate per 10 liters of water. Consumption: 2-3 liters per square meter.
Mineral fertilizers can be replaced with herbal infusion and wood ash. Add half a glass of ash and 500 milliliters of infusion under each plant.
Why don't buds appear?
Marigolds may lack buds and inflorescences may die for the following reasons:
- Lack of sunny color. Marigolds need sun. In shade and partial shade, they bloom much slower and may not bloom at all.
- Excess moisture in the soil. These plants love water, but too much water leads to root rot and death of the plant. Also, dampness will attract slugs and snails to marigolds.
- The drought is too severe. It is in extreme heat that flowers can be attacked by a spider mite. To defeat him, you need to use an infusion of hot red pepper, millennial and onion. Read about the fight against spider mites and other pests here.
- Diseases. Various fungal diseases and infections harm the plant and can lead to a lack of buds and flowers.
- Lack or excess of nutrients.
Also flowers may be absent for a long time when planting thin-leaved marigolds... They bloom later than other varieties, so you just have to wait.
In order not to face such a problem as the lack of flowering in your favorite flowers, you should use the following recommendations:
- The plant is best grown using seedlings, picking is required.
- If it is not possible to plant the seedlings first in pots and have to be planted in open ground, then it is imperative to cover the sprouts. The cover must not be removed until frost has passed.
- Marigolds will definitely bloom if planted in the sun.
- Do not plant sprouts in damp areas and lowlands.
- In order to detect a disease or pests in time, marigolds need to be examined periodically.
- In hot summer, flowers need to be watered twice a day. Watering is necessary in moderation, at the root.
- If you choose early varieties of marigolds for planting, they will bloom faster.
Read more about the rules of planting and caring for marigolds here.
Bright and beautiful marigolds, with proper care, will be a wonderful decoration for the garden. Due to their unpretentiousness, even an inexperienced gardener can cope with the cultivation of these flowers.