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Orchids are a family of monocotyledonous plants. The inflorescences of flowers are usually spike-shaped or racemose, less often - solitary.
In total, there are about 750 genera and 25,000 species of orchids. Let's dwell on one view in more detail.
Below you can read the instructions for the care and maintenance of an orchid at home.
History of origin and residence of Cambria
The Cambria Orchid is a popular but not naturally occurring home flower. She is an artificially grown interspecific hybrid of such varieties as:
- Brassia and others.
England is considered the birthplace of Cumbria. There she first appeared over 100 years ago. In 1991, breeder Charles Westeike created a unique flower that received moisture and nutrients from the air.
Description of appearance
Cambria belongs to the sympodial group. Its flowers resemble stars. Cumbria has a rhizome-stem that grows horizontally. This type of orchid differs from the rest in the shoot type of growth. One plant can have up to 12 pseudobulbs, the length of which is up to 8 cm.
Several narrow leaves are formed on each pseudobulb. They are dark green, less often dark red. In length they reach up to 40-50 cm. The roots of the orchid are airy, somewhat reminiscent of thin threads, and the vein in the center is pronounced.
One bulb or ground tuber forms several peduncles, which grow up to 60-80 cm. Inflorescences with many flowers are formed on them. The flowers of the orchid itself can be of completely different sizes. Usually the lower one is wide, and the rest are several times narrower. The lip of an orchid with a large tongue is forked.
The most common colors of Cumbria are:
Each flower is unique. One may be with colorful spots, the other - with beautiful stains, the third - with mesmerizing patterns.
The main differences between the Cumbrian orchid from other species:
- it has pseudobulbs;
- transparent pots cannot be used for it;
- Cumbria has thin roots, while the rest have a powerful and thick root system;
- between waterings, you do not need to wait until the earth is completely dry.
Varieties: names, descriptions and photos
All cultivars have a pseudobulb and a narrow, long leaf shape.
Beallara Margarita Hill
It has tall peduncles that are densely covered with flowers. She is characterized by such colors as:
- pink with a purple tint;
- warm brown;
- red shade of buds;
The petals are most often decorated with lines, strokes, and light spots.
The higher the indoor temperature, the faster the flowering occurs. Beallara Margarita hill blooms throughout the year, flowering lasts about two months. The flowers give off a very pleasant and light aroma.
Catatante Pacific Sun Sports
It has a shoot type of growth and oval pseudobulbs. The ends of the narrow leaves are pointed. When the buds bloom, they look quite large and voluminous. Common petal colors:
Catatante petals are usually large. Among other things, when flowering, they are clearly painted with light lines or blotches.
Colmanara Tropic Jungle
This orchid variety also has oval bulbs, long leaves with pointed ends and a tall flower stalk. The veins on the leaves are parallel.
On one peduncle, 8-10 colors of the following shades are usually formed:
The lip of the Kolmanara orchid is fleshy, red with white tones. It blooms twice a year, while emitting a light, attractive aroma.
Leaves are lanceolate, green in color. On one peduncle, about fifty flowers are formed in one flowering period. They are usually colored in:
- scarlet colors.
Painted with dark patterns and blotches.
The orchid usually blooms in late fall or early winter.
Flowering takes place during several autumn months. But if you create the necessary conditions for a houseplant, you can see blossoming flowers at other times of the year. Usually, there are so many flowers on the plant that when they bloom, they alternately bloom and wither. Thanks to this, it seems that orchids can bloom for six months or a year.
Before flowering, the stem of the orchid is poured with juice, and the bulb grows, then flower stalks begin to form. When flowering ends, the bulb dries up and a new sprout is created at its base, which contributes to a new life cycle.
How to care?
For the plant to start blooming, you must:
- Reduce the temperature at night to 13-15 degrees for 12-15 days.
- Reduce watering of flowers for the same period of time, then water again and stop.
For young plants, it is better to just care for the same as before. When they get stronger, they themselves will begin to bloom. After flowering you need:
- Reduce watering of the flower and do not fertilize for several weeks.
- Set the temperature to 17-19 degrees.
To leave the orchid and take care of it as before, it is necessary to provide it with additional lighting and high humidity.
What if it doesn't bloom?
It is necessary to let the orchid grow. If she does not bloom, she does not like the room temperature and lighting.
Instructions for the care and maintenance of the house
Cumbria is not a very whimsical plant, but there are some tips to help you keep it.
The star orchid loves bright light, but does not respond well to ultraviolet light. You can not put it in direct sunlight so that the flower does not get burned. Usually the pots are placed on windows facing the southeast or east side.
Preparing the soil and pot
Soil for Cumbria can be purchased at a specialty store labeled "For Orchids."You can also prepare the soil yourself, use:
- pine bark;
- drainage components;
- pieces of styrofoam;
- sphagnum moss.
Stir all the ingredients and lay the moss on top.
A ceramic pot with holes is better for an orchid, as it keeps the temperature and allows air to pass through.
Attention! Unlike other species, the root system of the Cumbrian orchid is not involved in photosynthesis.
Optimum temperature: in summer - 16-22 degrees, and in winter - 16-18 degrees. Temperatures may vary by several degrees at night. The orchid does not tolerate high temperatures, it dries out. The temperature should not exceed 30 degrees and drop to 15.
It is very important for a flower that the air in the room is slightly humid. If the temperature is high, you should:
- Place a container of water next to the pot.
- Spray the plant several times a day, without getting on the leaves.
- Purchase a humidifier.
The flower loves light, but in moderation. Therefore, in the bright sun during the day, the flower is closed. In winter, the orchid is provided with additional lighting.
Water the plant with filtered, warm water. The flower should not be poured, despite its moisture-loving nature.
They are fed with special fertilizers for orchids several times a month. Before fertilizing, the plant must be watered with water. In addition, it is better to reduce the concentration indicated on the label several times.
Cumbria must be replanted every 2 years. Because the soil cakes or the plant grows. When transplanting, it is better to remove shriveled and yellowed pseudobulbs. The growth point should be closer to the center of the pot.
Important! It is possible to water the plant after transplanting only after 8-10 days.
How to propagate at home?
Cambria is propagated by dividing the bush. You need to propagate when the bulbs no longer fit in the old pot.
- Moisten the soil and remove the plant from the pot.
- Remove soil residues from the roots.
- Divide the bush so that there are three bulbs on each.
- Treat damaged areas with a solution of water and activated carbon.
- Plant in pine bark and peat.
Diseases and pests
On the shoots, they sometimes notice:
- spider mite;
Pests suck out the sap of the plant. You should get rid of them as soon as you notice. You can spray the affected areas with insecticide.
Orchid diseases are common, such as:
- Powdery mildew.
- Root rot.
If these diseases are found, treat the flower with a fungicide.
Prevention of various problems
- Yellowed leaves of a plant may appear due to excess or lack of moisture or light.
- Shriveled bulb - due to a lack of moisture or parasites that have appeared in the soil of the plant, transplanting will help.
- If the roots have rotted, an urgent flower transplant is needed.
- With black dots on the leaves, it is also worth treating Cumbria with a fungicide solution.
Although the Cambria Orchid is not so whimsical, you should not start this plant without the necessary experience and care at home.