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How to choose a pot for phalaenopsis? Pros and cons of glass and other containers

How to choose a pot for phalaenopsis? Pros and cons of glass and other containers


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Phalaenopsis orchid is also called the "daughter of air" - this plant is so airy, and so much oxygen is needed for it.

Attempts to grow it in an ordinary glass or ceramic pot usually end in failure, therefore, flower growers do not risk planting this wonderful orchid at home. And in vain.

Choosing the right container is not so difficult. The article describes what kind of planting containers orchids love, and how they behave in closed systems.

The importance of choosing the right pot

The phalaenopsis root system needs more oxygen than others: they are actively involved in the process of photosynthesis and cannot cope with excessive moisture. Plus, ideal aeration of both the roots and the substrate in the container is vital for them.

The reason is in the structure of the roots: from above, the roots are covered with velamen, a hygroscopic tissue filled with air. If the air in the root area does not circulate, the velamen begins to rot, and without this shell, the orchid will not be able to absorb the necessary trace elements.

That is why transparent plastic pots are chosen for transportation and sale.

What should the “correct” container provide?

The “right” pot should:

  • allow excess moisture to escape without delay;
  • allow air to circulate inside, providing the roots with the proper amount of oxygen;
  • allow the root system to grow without problems, without oppressing it;
  • provide the necessary temperature regime (not allowing the root system to overheat or overcool) and light access to the roots;
  • allow the plant to be safely removed from the container without damaging the root system.

How to choose?

The number of pots on store shelves is astounding and it is difficult for orchid growers to make the right choice.

Consider the following nuances:

  • The pot should have several drainage holes (at least 4) or the ability to make them yourself (not only at the bottom, but also on the sides).
  • The diameter of the container should be 3-4 cm larger than the size of the root system. Height - approximately equal to the width.
  • The most acceptable material is soft plastic, transparent or light colors.

In which containers do not you need to plant a flower?

There are pots in which orchids are strongly discouraged:

  • Unfired ceramic (the roots of the plant grow to the inside and are injured during transplantation).
  • Elongated pots (in such containers, the flowers do not receive the full amount of air and moisture).
  • Too wide and deep containers "for growth". Phalaenopsis grows very slowly, and an excess of soil will only hinder it.

Phalaenopsis cannot be grown in the same flowerpot with any other plant: the orchid will not bloom.

Advantages and disadvantages of different types of pots and their photos

Clay

Clay flowerpots are used less often than plastic ones. Advantages:

  • Since clay is an environmentally friendly and porous material, it allows the soil to "breathe".
  • The material retains the liquid, gradually releasing it to the soil.
  • The clay container is very stable and will not tip over under the weight of the flower.
  • Looks aesthetically pleasing and "fits" into almost any interior.

Disadvantages of clay:

  • If you plant a flower in a pot of untreated clay, the roots of the orchid will begin to grow to it.
  • Clay heats up quickly when standing in the sun or near a heater. Naturally, moisture evaporates faster.

Buy a smooth, pouring ceramic pot that is slightly larger than the root system and preferably light in color.

When you buy a clay pot, do not plant your orchid in it on the same day. Put the container in a bowl of water for several hours: the clay will be saturated with moisture and in the future it will accumulate less salt in itself.

Glass

Since there are no drainage holes in glass pots, the roots of the plant will quickly begin to rot. You can buy glass containers only if the room where the orchid grows has very low humidity (which happens quite rarely). In this case, the drainage layer should occupy half of the container, and the glass should be transparent, without dark patterns.

And, of course, a glass pot can be used not as the main flowerpot, but as a planter for beauty.

How to do it yourself?

Advantages and disadvantages

Do you want to make a pot with your own hands? Nothing is impossible! But keep in mind that you will have to try.

Of course, there are pluses in this. You can make a container that suits you: for example, if the roots of your orchid are damaged, you need a very small pot... And these are not always available for sale. However, you will have to spend time on work and, quite possibly, your first craft will not be very attractive in appearance.

Is it worth making the container yourself or is it better to buy it?

If you are not sure that you can do the job, or you simply have no time, buy a pot in the store.

Preparation of materials and tools

There are several options for making a pot. You may need the following items:

  • Coconut shell.
  • Pine planks.
  • Drill.
  • Thick line or copper wire.
  • Plastic bucket.

Manufacturing

  1. Peel the pulp from the large coconut, wash and dry. Use a drill to drill several holes on the sides and bottom. Such a pot allows you to create ideal tropical conditions for mini-orchids.
  2. Take any plastic bucket (for example, an ice cream bucket) and punch holes in it. A hot nail can be used instead of a drill. Decorate your creation with brightly colored fabric, wire, or whatever you like.
  3. The pine basket is made from matching pine strips. They are polished and fastened together with wire or special adhesive.
  4. A hanging basket made of bamboo or wood is also suitable for growing orchids. But don't forget to put the champagne cork on the bottom. Thanks to this, the roots will not be pressed into the bottom of the container.

What if the plant is transplanted into the wrong container?

If you choose the wrong container, your orchid will quickly let you know. "Swamp" in the substrate, sprouting of greenery or algae is a signal that the flower needs to be urgently transplanted. Otherwise, its root system will soon rot. A transplant will also be required if the capacity for the plant is clearly large.

If you notice that a blooming orchid has begun to fall on its side, tie it up and place the pot in a glass flowerpot. Transplant later when flowering ends.

If you want your green pet to look fresh, bloom brightly and rarely get sick, take care of the container in advance for planting it. In the article, we have listed all the important nuances of the choice. It's up to you!


Watch the video: How To Choose The Right Potting Medium for Your Orchid (June 2022).


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