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Orchids are rightfully in great demand among flower growers in many countries. And the most unusual among them is undoubtedly the blue, or blue, orchid.
How did the phalaenopsis of this color appear, how to determine whether it is a dyed plant or not, whether such an exotic grows in nature, and you will also find a lot of other interesting information in this article.
What a plant looks like: description and photo
This type of orchid has a large flower size from blue to deep blue. Like all orchids, it has oblong fleshy leaves of a rich green color, located in two rows, is distinguished by a relatively rapid growth, and is distinguished from many other plants.
This plant will also appeal to flower growers who are sensitive to smells, because the scent of blue orchids is almost invisible.
In the photo you can see what a blue flower in a pot looks like:
Does nature exist?
A number of sources claim that blue orchids do not exist in nature. Such a myth arose due to the huge mass of fakes.
Actually, Japanese botanists in 2013 bred the variety "Royal Blue" on the basis of Phalaenopsis variety "Aphrodite", in which the gene responsible for the blue pigment of the flower was introduced. This variety of orchids is quite rare and is not available to a wide range of buyers due to the difficulties with breeding.
How did artificial blue phalaenopsis come about?
For the first time, the blue phalaenopsis was presented in 2011 in Florida at the international plant exhibition. The blue color is the result of staining according to the manufacturer's proprietary technology. Subsequent flowering of such a blue orchid will not have.
The new orchid variety has aroused great public interest.
How to determine if a dyed plant or not?
To recognize whether a dyed plant or a natural one, you need to pay attention to the stem and leaves: traces of blue pigment remain on them.
Due to the high demand, some unscrupulous sellers, in an attempt to save money and get more profit, do not buy technology-dyed orchids for sale, but take up the dyeing themselves. This often leads to disastrous consequences - the flower dies.
How can you paint in the store?
If you look at the work of such "masters", you can see that this coloring is done destructive to the flower. A dye is injected into the stem, peduncle or roots of a plant with a syringe, often this is ordinary ink in a huge dosage, to obtain a more saturated and bright color of the petal.
Orchids that receive a shot in the peduncle usually survive, but then they can get sick for a while. But those who have received an injection in the stem or in the roots often simply suffocate from the paint and soon die.
How to make from white at home: step by step instructions
If you don't want to buy a pig in a poke from the store, you can learn how to color an orchid at home.
There are two ways to color a flower.
This method is the most gentle and painless for the plant. But in addition to the buds, the leaves and stems will also be colored.
The very technology of dyeing by watering is simple and intuitive: you need ordinary food coloring and water at room temperature.
The pigment is added to water in large quantitiesthis will help give the orchid flowers a deep blue color. But you need to understand that the orchid will return to its original petal color shortly after the dye watering stops.
This method is more dangerous for the flower: the procedure not only weakens the plant, but can also leave damage on it, resembling small ulcers. This method consists in the introduction of a dye with a syringe into the stem, root or peduncle.
Since the introduction of a dye into the stem and root is extremely dangerous for the vitality of the plant, we will consider the issue of dyeing at home using the example of a peduncle.
Preparation of materials
The first step is to decide on the choice of the flower itself. A light or white orchid works best.
From the materials you will need:
- a syringe with a fine needle.
What to choose as a dye?
It is best to use regular food coloring, or you can purchase specialty paint for flowers at a specialty store. Do not use regular ink. They contain a huge amount of harmful components - penetrants and aggressive solvents, which can lead to the death of the flower.
Where to inject the substance?
The technique is not complicated:
- A saturated coloring solution based on food coloring or special paint is preliminarily prepared.
- Next, with a syringe with a thin needle, the resulting solution is carefully injected into the peduncle area.
Compared to the first method of staining - watering - this method allows you to achieve fast and long-lasting flowering of orchid buds with a blue tint.
Negative consequences: what are they and what to do?
Orchid is a rather delicate and capricious flower. With a rough procedure, she may simply die.
Proper care of the plant after painting is also very important.
If the orchid needs help after staining, the buds on the peduncle begin to fall off, not having time to bloom:
- it is necessary to cut off the part of the plant overflowing with dye;
- after that, the orchid is carefully removed from the pot and, trying not to damage the root system, is washed with warm water;
- if bluish spots appear and traces of rot appear, the damaged areas must also be cut off, and the cuts themselves, sprinkled with ash or cinnamon, and dry well.
Is it possible to order a real blue phalaenopsis, for how much?
There are no blue or blue orchids in nature and there are no free sales. Blue phalaenopsis can now be found and bought only at specialized flower exhibitions.
Due to this rarity and exclusivity, the cost of a plant at trade shows is quite high, and can fluctuate in the price range from one hundred to several thousand dollars.
Caring for orchids with blue flowers is no different from caring for orchids of other flowers. Here's how to care for these plants at home:
- Watering the orchid is required only with warm water.
- You can also irrigate with warm water. The pressure should be weak so as not to harm the stem and flowers.
- All Phalaenopsis love light, warmth and humidity, just like in their native tropics. The average daily temperature should be 25 ° C. At night - not lower than 15 ° C. The recommended air humidity level is medium, up to 70 percent.
- Orchids need ventilation to keep their roots from rotting, especially in winter and autumn.
When airing, the plant should not stand in a draft.
Of course, blue orchids seduce and attract attention with their unusual color. But the plant often pays too high a price for its beauty. Therefore, before the staining procedure, think about and weigh the pros and cons, maybe a banal white but healthy orchid is better than a unique blue one that has not survived the staining procedure.
An interesting video review about a blue orchid purchased in a store: