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Pumpkin

 Pumpkin


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Pumpkin is represented in gardening in an endless variety of varieties and uses.

It is rich in vitamins and other useful substances that make it an excellent food product not only in the warm, but also in the cold season, when maximum protection from diseases is required.

Due to its distinctive orange color and classic shape, the pumpkin has been used as a decorative element on many holidays for many years. Its bark can be used to carve patterns and create unusual crafts. How to keep your pumpkin harvest?

Variety selection

How to store pumpkin in winter? To preserve the pumpkin for the longest possible period, you will need not only to choose a suitable variety for storage, but also to organize all the conditions necessary for this. Which pumpkin varieties are best for storage?

Almost all table pumpkin varieties can be safely stored for several months if you create the perfect atmosphere for vegetables.

This includes air temperature and humidity, adequate space, pests, and sources of infestation. Forage varieties are more whimsical and cannot boast of a long shelf life.... It is better to use such pumpkins for their intended purpose right away.

Mid-season and late-season pumpkins are considered the leaders in terms of storage duration (i.e. keeping quality), especially when it comes to storage in a cellar or basement.

Almost all large representatives of this variety are well protected from pathogens, and also have a dense bark.

The following varieties can be cited as examples of mid-season varieties: Zhdanna, Vita, Golosemyannaya, Prikubanskaya and Arabatskaya.

From late-ripening varieties are distinguished: "Vitaminnaya", "Interception", "Pearl", "Vita", "Muscat", "Butternat Ponca", "Winter Sweet", "Testi Delipe". All of them are united by a bright orange color, dense peel and tasty pulp.

How to keep pumpkin fresh for the winter? It is better to give preference to nutmeg varieties, since under optimal conditions their shelf life is about 6 months..

Optimal conditions

What are the storage conditions for pumpkin in winter? You should beware of too low temperatures, otherwise your stocks will simply freeze, and the shelf life will decrease by 3-4 months. Try to find a place in your cellar or apartment with temperatures ranging from +3 to +15 ° C. It is in this environment that the pumpkin will feel most comfortable..

Regarding the level of humidity, it is better to stick to moderate values ​​- 75-80%. If this threshold is exceeded, then cobwebs, mold, spots and other signs of damage will begin to appear on the bark of the pumpkin. It is better to remove such specimens immediately, and transfer the pumpkin to another place.

Where to store pumpkin in winter? It is not so important which place was chosen for storing pumpkin for the winter, the main thing is to maintain the required temperature, humidity and provide such conditions as good ventilation, absence of dampness, dust and debris. Also, direct sunlight should not be allowed to hit the crop.

With proper supervision, it will be possible to store a pumpkin in almost any room of the house: in a room, on a balcony or loggia, on a veranda or in a pantry. Cellars and cellars are standard containers ideally suited for storing melons and gourds.

Sometimes an attic, garage or underground can be adapted for these purposes. Always try to judge by the possibilities of your area and the materials at hand to be sure that there is enough space for the pumpkin.

What is the best way to store pumpkin? Do not wrap the pumpkin tightly in plastic or cellophane bags - excess moisture will accumulate in the form of condensation and contribute to the development of harmful fungi. You can put parchment paper or a small layer of dry straw under the fruit.

Don't let the pumpkins touch each other and the wall. The litter should be replaced from time to time with a fresh one when the old one gets damp.

How to store a pumpkin for the winter in an apartment? If the room is relatively warm, you can hide the vegetables under the bed, where the temperature is slightly lower near the floor.

It will be great if the room is equipped with shelves - it is on them that you can attach all the pumpkins.

Above all, do not forget to change the straw in time, holding absolutely all pumpkins with their stalks up. Damaged pumpkins or those that have begun to become covered with dark spots on the side must be removed from the rest, eaten or thrown away.

Storage periods

How long can pumpkin be stored? Traditionally, pumpkins are stored for no more than 2-3 months, so it is better to regularly let them cook various dishes until they go bad. The longest shelf life can be 6 months, depending on the pumpkin variety..

Tips for choosing and storing pumpkin in this video:

The ways

How to save a pumpkin for the winter? Here will be listed the main methods generally accepted by experienced gardeners. This involves harvesting the pumpkin directly before storing it for the winter. In this article, you will learn when and how it is most prudent to harvest your crops in order to ensure correct and long-term storage of stocks.

The first and most desirable storage method is to store the pumpkin in a cellar. It is in the basement that it is easiest to create the environment necessary for this plant.

If you have neither a cellar nor a basement, then it is quite possible to store pumpkin for the winter at home (in an apartment). This requires no less investment of time and money to prepare, but you will definitely provide yourself with a supply of pumpkins for a long period.

In addition to the option of storing fresh pumpkin, you can dry the pumpkin at home. This is a good way to preserve pumpkin, which, due to the significant evaporation of moisture from the pulp, can increase the allowable storage time.

Pumpkin can be used not only as a food product.

Perhaps sometimes drying pumpkin is required for decor and crafts, for which decorative varieties are suitable. This is a long and laborious process, but it will delight you with the result. This article will prove to be useful in preparation for Halloween and other holidays, and will also interest creative kids who love tinkering.

Drying pumpkin seeds is an opportunity to provide yourself with a source of vitamins and minerals at any time of the year. The drying procedure does not require exceptional skills and experience, only perseverance and accuracy.

How to store pumpkin for a long time? Frozen pumpkin can last a little longer than 6-8 months if properly prepared and processed. To find out how to do this, go to Freezing Pumpkin at Home.

Another method is to dry the pumpkin at home. Such a pumpkin is stored for up to a year, it is used to prepare delicious and nutritious cereals, pies and soups.

What are the best ways to store pumpkin? Almost all methods are good, but deciding which one to give preference is an individual matter. You need to consider storage space and how long you can let the pumpkin sit without being used.

If you often eat pumpkin, you can do without a cellar and store supplies right in the house. Longer shelf life requires drying or freezing. The latter can preserve most of the beneficial and flavorful properties of pumpkin, as well as increase its lifespan.

How to keep pumpkin longer? There are many possibilities for special treatment of pumpkin, such as blanching, boiling in sweet syrup, or “bathing” in brine. They sterilize pumpkin pieces, kill dangerous germs, and create a protective layer that will repel pests.

If you store the pumpkin on a loggia or balcony, cover the pumpkin with a thick, breathable cloth. It will protect vegetables from the harmful effects of sunlight.

Features of the

Can pumpkin be stored with zucchini? Do not wash your products, as this will strip them of their natural protective film..

If there are lumps of dirt on the surface, gently remove them with a brush or paper towel, then let the vegetables dry.

You should not cut off the tails of the pumpkin - leave 5-8 cm at the stalk so that the pumpkins do not lose moisture and microbes do not penetrate into the fruit.

For storing zucchini, it is better to arrange cardboard boxes, and, unlike pumpkin, they can be stored together. For pumpkins, be sure to equip the bedding in the form of straw or paper, leaving a little free space between the fruits.

In this case, you can put all the vegetables on the balcony, in the basement, attic or on the shelves of the pantry. The temperature for both pumpkin and zucchini should not exceed +15 ° C.

Consider the features of storing pumpkin on an industrial scale. For these purposes, the factories are equipped with special storage facilities in which stable ventilation is maintained, thanks to which fresh dry air circulates freely around the entire perimeter.

To protect vegetables from direct sunlight, you can use a blanket to cover the spread out pumpkins. Otherwise, all lights in the store are blocked.

A constant air humidity of 75% is also maintained.... Periodic temperature checks (+ 5-10 ° C) should be performed. Pumpkins are stacked in one row at a short distance of up to 10 cm from each other, tails up. Every few days, the entire crop is inspected, and spoiled pumpkins are harvested.

Late and sweet varieties have the highest keeping quality. For long-term storage, these types of pumpkins are primarily chosen.

During frosts, they resort to the help of insulation, which includes not only bedding, but also covering materials.

Useful tips for storing pumpkin and zucchini in this video:

Summary

How to properly store pumpkin until spring? Different storage methods have their own advantages and disadvantages. You need to choose one or another method based on many nuances. Having chosen the right pumpkin variety, it remains only to carry out the appropriate processing in order to sterilize the product and prepare it for long-term storage.

The shelf life of the harvested crop will depend on the type of premises, the conditions of maintenance and the condition of the pumpkin. Decide on the purpose of collecting pumpkin. Will you prepare it for the winter, how often will you have to eat it, will it be useful for decorative and festive purposes, etc. The answers to these questions will be the foundational decision that will tell you what to do with the pumpkin.


Watch the video: PUMPKIN (May 2022).