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Cucumbers are thermophilic plants that need a lot of moisture and bright light.
They love light soil and abundant organic fertilizing, and require strong support and tying.
To get a harvest as soon as possible, it is best to grow cucumbers through seedlings at home, and then transplant the young plants into open beds or a greenhouse.
Cucumbers and their features
Cucumbers not too moody, the seeds sprout quickly and immediately start growing. For the normal development of seedlings, it is necessary to provide:
- light nutritious soil;
- seeds 2-3 years ago, they are distinguished by the best germination;
- planting containers or individual containers;
- spray for moisturizing;
- growth promoter and disinfectants.
For growing cucumbers with seedlings at home need soil from a mixture of garden soil with humus, peat and a small amount of washed river sand... Wood ash and superphosphate are added to it.
Seeds can be sown in spacious containers, peat pots or plastic cups, as well as self-rolled foil or paper structures.
Sowing seeds begins in mid-April... For year-round cultivation in a heated greenhouse, cucumbers can be sown every 3 months, then the crop will ripen without interruption. It is better not to plant seeds in open ground, they need warmth and bright light, which are easier to provide at home.
Seeds are treated with a solution of potassium permanganate, and then soaked in a growth stimulator. It is possible to grow germinated seeds. To do this, they are placed in a damp cloth and regularly sprayed with water.
Learn more about preparing seeds before planting.
Stages of development of cucumber seedlings
After soaking, the sprouts hatch for 2-3 days... Then they are planted in prepared soil with a depth of 1.5-2 cm, sprayed with water and covered with foil. For better germination, containers with seedlings are placed in a warm place.
How much do cucumbers sprout from seeds? After 2 days, pre-cotyledonous knees appear on the surface. Germination may be uneven, seedlings will emerge within the next 2 days.
4 days after sowing, sprouts should appear in all containers... If they are not there, most likely, the seed turned out to be unviable.
To accelerate development and create an ideal microclimate, it is better to close the containers with glass jars, creating a kind of mini-greenhouses. You should not use the film, it will accept fast growing plants.
5-6 days after planting, cotyledonous leaves unfold on cucumber seedlings. After that, young seedlings dive. If the seedlings are grown in separate containers, the picking operation is excluded.
On the 10th day, the plants acquire the first or second pair of true leaves., the stems thicken. The seedlings should not overgrow and stretch. For better development, cucumbers are placed in a bright light, extending the day by connecting fluorescent lamps. It is better to cover the seedlings with a dark non-woven material at night..
Seedlings are ready for replanting 25-30 days after sowing. At this age, the cucumbers need to be fed with diluted mullein or bird droppings, it is also possible to apply liquid mineral fertilizers. Plants should be strong, not overgrown, with abundant bright green foliage.
What cucumber seedlings look like, photo by day:
Seedlings in the greenhouse: what's next?
The soil in a greenhouse or greenhouse is mixed with humus and ash... Bushes are planted at a distance 30-35 cm apart, a peg is placed next to each plant for attaching a rope. The stalks are wrapped around ropes, the upper ends of which are attached to the ceiling beam.
Tied plants watered with warm water... In the future, they need to ensure humidity of at least 80%, temperature from 22 to 26 degrees, watering at least 2 times a week.
Feeding is required every 2 weeks, organics or potassium-based mineral complexes are preferred. An excess of nitrogen-containing fertilizers develops abundant green mass and slows down the formation of ovaries.
At the age of 1.5 months, early varieties of cucumbers form the first flower buds. Later hybrids bloom at 50-55 days. Plants continue to grow vigorously, with excessive overgrowth, pinching and pinching are required.
Explore other helpful articles on caring for cucumber seedlings:
- How to grow properly on a windowsill, balcony and even in the basement?
- Tips for growing in various containers, in particular in peat pots and tablets.
- Find out the pick-up times by region.
- The causes of common diseases, and also why the seedlings are stretched out and their leaves dry and turn yellow?
- How to calculate the timing of sowing seeds, as well as when to plant seedlings in open ground?
Properly grown cucumber seedlings at home are very beautiful. Her health and wellness is indicated by bright fresh greens, strong stems and fast growth.
And how to make cucumber seedlings - you will find step-by-step tips in this article.