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The attractive look of the Chinese rose can ennoble any space. On cloudy days, its bright bloom will be a pleasant reminder of fine days.
For flower growers, a strong argument in favor of purchasing this plant is its unpretentious care.
This ornamental plant is very popular for keeping in the house. It pleases others with beautiful bright colors. In the article, we will consider how to care for this plant after purchase, and also learn how to propagate a Chinese rose.
Features and differences in care from other species
The Chinese rose has no relationship with an ordinary rose, therefore, caring for a hibiscus differs from worries about maintaining an ordinary prickly beauty. The similarity of these two plants is given by the leaves. In hibiscus, they look like slightly enlarged rose leaves.
Unlike most flowering plants, hibiscus needs a dormant period. If this condition is ignored, the Chinese rose will not be able to start flowering.
Indoor Chinese rose is an evergreen shrub or tree up to three meters high. Further on the photo you can see what the hibiscus tree looks like, it is also called the flower of death, at home.
How to care for a houseplant at home?
Hibiscus is thermophilic, therefore, for a comfortable existence, a temperature of 18-22 degrees is suitable for it. but the plant blooms in the cool period at + 15, therefore, at the end of summer, it is recommended to move it to a cooler place, without access to bright sunlight.
How to water?
Hibiscus is very picky about watering. In the summer they need to be carried out more often, in winter they should be reduced. In no case should the earthen coma be allowed to dry out, the soil must be constantly moistened. The ideal solution would be watering with special drip devices.
Hibiscus needs year-round spraying, especially during the heating season, but during the procedure, you need to ensure that moisture does not get on the buds.
For watering and spraying, use only settled water. room temperature. Wetting the foliage of a plant not only saturates it with moisture, but also prevents the occurrence of diseases and damage by pests.
Direct sunlight is not desirable for hibiscus. If the cultivated variety is a flowering variety, then an episodic shade will be the optimal light regime for it. If the variety does not imply flowering, then it is acceptable for it to be in constant shade.
For hibiscus placement, you should not choose the southern or northern window sills.
Bright southern light can burn leaves and flowers, and lighting on the north side will lead to a lack of chlorophyll and will have a bad effect on the development of the plant.
Hibiscus requires an intense supply of air, therefore, if possible, growers put a flower pot outside for the summer.
With the onset of cold weather, they bring it back into the room.
In order for hibiscus to retain its high decorative effect, it needs pruning. It can be selective if the task is to maintain the shape and size of the plant. May be complete if abundant and lush blooms are desired.
If the plant has diseased branches, corrective pruning is performed. This method involves cutting damaged parts into living wood.
Heavy pruning is carried out when the plant is on the verge of death and neither good care nor treatment will help it.
The soil must be air and moisture permeable. You can buy a ready-made peat-based substrate, but for the successful cultivation of a Chinese rose, it must be optimized. This can be done by adding leaf humus - this will make the substrate water-absorbing. The addition of sand will give the soil extra breathability.
Important! A prerequisite for the soil for growing hibiscus should be its low acidity - pH 6.8. If the acidity is higher, the plant will not be able to absorb the necessary nutrients from the substrate.
During the period of intensive growth, hibiscus needs regular feeding. Fertilizers for flowering plants are not suitable for him, because in comparison with them, the Chinese rose needs less phosphorus. An excess of this element negatively affects the quality of flowering, its abundance and can cause plant poisoning. In this case, the potassium content should be high.
Also, hibiscus needs magnesium, without which the leaves turn yellow and dark spots appear on them.
You can feed the plant once a week or more often, reducing the dosage proportionally.
With a slowdown in the growing season, together with irrigation, the doses of top dressing are reduced. During the dormant period, hibiscus does not need fertilization. Also, you cannot add additional nutrients to the newly transplanted plant. Hibiscus gratefully responds to foliar feeding.
The spray solution is prepared at the rate of tenfold dilution of the weekly dose.
The Chinese rose is transplanted during the pruning period. For a young plant, the procedure must be carried out every year, for an adult as it grows.
The transplant is carried out by the transshipment method according to the following scheme:
- The bottom of the pot is covered with a drainage layer, no more than 2 cm thick, made of expanded clay or pebbles.
- A small layer of soil is laid on top of the drainage.
- The plant is carefully removed from the old planting container.
- The root system is carefully examined. It should be healthy, firm, with no signs of rotting or pest infestation.
- With a wooden stick, with light movements, the remnants of the old soil are shaken off from the roots. This should be done as carefully as possible so as not to damage the thin roots.
- The plant is lowered into a prepared pot. If it is too deep, a little more soil is poured into the bottom.
- The space between the walls of the container and the roots is carefully filled with soil, which in the process needs to be slightly compacted and make sure that the plant is located in the center of the pot.
- Upon completion of planting, the distance between the soil surface and the edge of the pot should be at least 1.5 cm.This is necessary so that the water does not slide off the soil surface during irrigation.
Important! If the plant was watered before transplanting, then after it it is worth waiting at least one day with watering. If a dry earthen lump was removed from the old flowerpot, then after completing the procedure, the hibiscus must be watered.
The container in which the hibiscus grows should not be large. The material from which the pot is made is not fundamental, you can opt for both plastic and ceramics. The plant is very moisture-loving, so a pot with an inner liner would be a good option. Additional reserves of water in the sump will help prevent the earthen clod from drying out.
If you cannot buy a pot with an insert, you can place an ordinary hibiscus pot in a planter without holes.
Considering the principles of hibiscus growth, you can form a plant in the form of a bush, standard tree or bonsai-style tree.
The pinching procedure allows you to stimulate the growth of new branches by the Chinese rose. This method involves removing a small part of the shoot, while most of it remains intact. This method of formation is considered gentle and recommended for young plants.
Before the plant is kept at low temperatures, it is necessary to carefully check it for pests and thoroughly rinse the leaves.
In winter, hibiscus is not fed, so as not to provoke foliage growth and not to bring the plant out of dormancy. The room temperature must be maintained within 13-15 degrees.
How to care after purchase?
The most the first thing to do when bringing store-bought hibiscus home is to isolate it from other plants... This is done in order not to infect your flower collection with pests that can lurk on the Chinese rose.
When the quarantine with a thorough inspection of the plant comes to an end, the hibiscus must be transplanted into the soil of the correct composition.
If the plant bloomed during transplantation, it may shed some of the buds, but this is not a reason for panic., the plant simply reacted to stress and will recover in the future without harming its health.
Features of outdoor care for garden hibiscus
The nuances of caring for a garden hibiscus are the need to constantly loosen the soil and remove weeds around it.
The plant needs abundant watering, especially on hot days.
You need to feed the shrub once every two weeks. phosphorus-containing fertilizers. Pruning is done in spring or early summer. It is important to properly prepare young trees for the dormant period: before the onset of frost, water abundantly, mulch the soil around with dry foliage and sawdust, and bend the plant to the ground. For shelter, build a frame and tighten it with a special material.
The easiest way to propagate a Chinese rose is by cuttings, which are placed in a container of water until the roots appear.
After that, the sprout is transplanted into a small container with soil.
Also seed propagation possible... Planting material can be purchased at the store. Planting is carried out in early March. Before sowing, the seeds are soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then they are laid out on damp gauze and placed in a plastic bag with holes for ventilation. In conditions of high humidity and heat, the seeds will germinate, after which they can be planted in the ground.
- Hibiscus leaves turned yellow - the plant is affected by pests or suffers from root disease and dry indoor air.
- Leaves fall - the room has low humidity or there is a sudden change in lighting. This is how the flower responds to stress.
- Leaves curl into tubes - hibiscus infected with aphids.
- The tips of the leaves wither - the plant lacks nitrogen and phosphorus.
- Buds fall - The Chinese rose is deficient in potassium and discomfort from high temperatures, or is attacked by a gall midge.
Read about diseases and pests of hibiscus here.
With the systematic observance of all the rules of care, hibiscus not only retains an attractive appearance, but also develops a sufficiently strong immunity, which allows it to independently cope with pests, fungal infections and the effects of adverse factors.