We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Cultivated tropical plants often surprise with their delightful appearance. One of them is hibiscus. It is often used for landscaping streets.
After reading this article, you will learn what the Syrian Hibiscus is, what are the most popular plant species, how to properly care for a flower, and propagate it. And also what diseases and pests can threaten the flower and with what other flowers can Syrian hibiscus be confused.
Botanical description of a houseplant
Syrian hibiscus is a member of the Malvaceae family. Its Latin name is Hibiscus syriacus. Known as the Syrian rose or ketmia. This tropical plant came to Russia from China. In nature, it reaches a size of 5-6 m. In the open field it is cultivated in the south of Russia and Ukraine, as well as in:
- Central Asia.
The bush grows to a height of 1.5-2 meters. Its flowers are large, 20-25 cm in diameter. petals, depending on the variety, are:
- dark crimson.
The plant blooms from July to October. Many flower buds are formed on it.
Reference! Within 2 days, the flower has time to bloom, wither and crumble.
Popular species and their photos
They like to decorate gardens with Syrian hibiscus, because it stands out for its variety of shades and colors. In the photo you can see what the varieties of the Syrian hibiscus look like.
Oziau Blue hibiscus is a deciduous shrub that grows 2-3 m in height.Its dark green leaves up to 10 cm long have denticles at the edges. In single blue flowers, the center is colored red. The plant needs to be covered for the winter.
Hibiscus Red Hart is a shrub:
- fast growing;
It has a uniform, dense crown and large white flowers. Their central part is colored red. Strong branches of an adult plant reach 1-2 m in width, 1.5-2.5 m in height. The dark green leaves are egg-shaped, similar to chrysanthemum. They bloom late. If the spring is cold, the leaves turn yellow-white.
Hibiscus Matilda is considered one of the most beautifully flowering varieties. Reaches a height of 2-3 m. Dark green leaves with a serrated border grow up to 10 cm. The flowers are pink with a red spot.
Hibiscus Mike is the most graceful and delicate species it is also one of the most resistant to frost and typical diseases. The shrub stands out for its slow growth, there are almost no leaves on it for the winter. Pink five-leafed inflorescences are enormous. The red center is considered a bright accent, thin lines of the same color depart from it.
Hibiscus Blue Chiffon (not to be confused with the Chiffon variety) stands out for its excellent color. Densely double blue buds appear among the small green leaves. This flower variety is resistant to drought and frost. It requires a lot of sunlight, so it is recommended to plant it in the garden.
Duc de Brabant
The Duc de Brabant shrub hibiscus is medium-sized. The shrub is shaped like a ball, so the purple buds look amazing... This variety is adapted to cold weather, because it was specially bred for growing outdoors. It is distinguished by long flowering.
The Ardens cultivar is compact. This shrub has a uniform and dense crown, double purple flowers. The branches arranged vertically are quite strong. An adult plant extends 1-2 m in width, reaches 1.5-2.5 m in height. The green ovoid leaves look like chrysanthemum leaves and bloom late. Ardens blooms in double large flowers of red-violet or purple color, in the center there is a 9.5 cm spot of red wine color.
Syrian hibiscus is considered an unpretentious plant... It is not difficult to look after him.
- When new green shoots appear, it is required to prune dried and old ones. This flower is bad for the nearby weeds, so they are regularly destroyed. It is necessary not to allow the bush to become very thick.
Important! In order for the flowering to be abundant and lush, the Syrian hibiscus must grow in a well-lit area.
- As a single plant, this flower is not as attractive as in composition with other species. Several hibiscus bushes with flowers of various colors, planted together, also look great. They must be hidden from the wind, as they are badly affected by drafts. It must be borne in mind that non-double varieties are more resistant to frost.
- For Syrian hibiscus, the most suitable soil is considered to be intended for growing roses, namely permeable and fertile. And in order for it to grow well, it needs to be systematically loosened.
- After one flower withers, another appears next - this is a regularity. Their mass drying should alert, since, most likely, the plant needs more frequent watering. The soil around the flower should not dry out. Water this flower sparingly and after the top layer dries. During the hot months, it needs regular watering.
- The plant responds well to fertilizers that contain a large amount of phosphorus. Top dressing is performed during abundant flowering, namely from early summer until autumn, once every 2 weeks. It is very useful to use in turn mineral and organic fertilizers. At the beginning of autumn, potash fertilizer must be applied to the soil, this will help the flower to tolerate the cold season well. Top dressing in autumn and winter is not carried out.
- The plant needs to be pruned, this contributes to the formation of a compact crown and abundant flowering. Spring pruning of a flower growing in an open field is a necessary sanitary measure, since frost-affected shoots are removed.
Read about all the features of growing such a hibiscus here.
You can propagate the plant:
- dividing the bush.
The simplest is the grafting of young cuttings, which have 2-3 nodules. They are cut with a sharp knife and placed in water until roots appear. In order for this to happen quickly, it is recommended to process the cut with special growth stimulants. When roots appear on the handle, it is planted in a pot with soil prepared in advance.
For wintering, a young plant is left indoors, and with the arrival of spring, planted in open ground... If there is a desire to immediately plant it on the street, then it must be insulated for the winter.
We suggest you watch a video about the propagation of hibiscus by cuttings:
We suggest you watch a video about planting hibiscus seeds:
Diseases and pests
Aphids like to settle on Syrian hibiscus, therefore experienced florists recommend planting marigolds or lavender nearby... Sometimes this plant gets sick with chlorosis. In this case, the leaves become light, very light streaks are clearly visible on them. The flower does not have enough iron or nitrogen, so it needs to be fertilized.
The reason for the intense leaf fall may lie in the decay of the root system. This is caused by excessive watering or infection of the plant by pests such as wireworm and May beetle. If spots have formed on the surface of the leaves, this may be caused by fungi or bacteria. The leaves are cut off and burned.
There are many flowers similar to the Syrian hibiscus... One of them is a North American species - bright red hibiscus. Large bloody flowers form on it in the summer. This typically subtropical species has dark green leaves. The perennial plant is the changeable hibiscus. This well-developed deciduous shrub plant is characterized by:
- umbrella crown;
- heart-shaped leaves;
- flowers that change color depending on the time of day.
In the morning hours, the flowers of gbiscus are light, in the evening they are dark. The peculiarity of the cassava hibiscus is its wide, rough leaves. The plant blooms with bright yellow flowers with a crimson heart. This species belongs to medicinal and edible plants.
Perennial deciduous marsh hibiscus has oval leaves and rich scarlet buds... The plant stands out for its resistance to cold and unpretentiousness. The triple hibiscus grows in North and Central Africa. It grows up to 80 cm. It has small flowers up to 4 cm that bloom from morning to noon. They are colored yellow with a dark red core. Flowering lasts 1 month.
Syrian hibiscus is a perennial plant. If it is at home, it may well bloom in winter. Syrian hibiscus, with proper care in one place, has been growing for over 20 years. Moreover, he does not need a transplant and renewal.
We suggest you watch a video about caring for Syrian hibiscus: