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The best radish varieties: how not to be mistaken with the choice?

 The best radish varieties: how not to be mistaken with the choice?



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Radish is grown mainly because of its root vegetable, which has a bittersweet taste and has a lot of useful substances. By origin, Chinese, Japanese and European varieties are distinguished.

Resistance to harsh natural conditions allows achieving high yields even in the northern regions of the country. Plus, with the right approach, growers harvest twice in a single season.

What should be considered when choosing seeds?

Lovers of this fruit should understand that when buying seeds, you should pay attention to climatic conditions and soil characteristics. Breeding hybrids acquire additional properties such as disease resistance and resistance to adverse conditions. These varieties almost always provide high yields. As for varietal seeds, the taste qualities of the radish grown from them surpass the taste of hybrids, although more painstaking care will be required.

Consequences of a mistake when buying material for sowing

If the variety is chosen incorrectly, the gardener runs the risk of being left without a crop. Inappropriate soil results in cracking or small size of the radish. If the conditions do not like this culture, the result will be abundant flowering, while the root crop itself does not develop at all.

What factors determine the choice of the type of root crop for growing?

From the climate

Radish is considered an unpretentious plant, therefore it is grown everywhere in Russia. In addition, it is cold-resistant, but this property of a plant also has a limit. Since the climatic conditions in some regions, for example, in Siberia and the Urals, are quite severe, this fact should be taken into account.

Wet and loose soils are best suited for cultivation. So when choosing a variety and studying planting technology, they are based on the peculiarities of the weather of the selected region. Cold territories are characterized by the fact that the soil warms up only by the end of May, so the plant should be planted in early June. This will protect the seedlings from freezing if frost occurs.

From the purpose of growing

If the goal is seasonal consumption, that is, the gardener wants to get the harvest and use the radish before winter, use early varieties (they are usually early ripening and not large in size). These varieties include:

  • Summer round white.
  • Maiskaya.
  • Odessa 5.
  • Sudarushka.
  • Green goddess.
  • Daikon (Japanese radish).

Important! For winter storage, it is better to choose late or mid-season varieties. The landing is carried out until the very end of July. If you choose from a mid-season radish, then this is Winter round white, Winter round black, Winter long black, Margelan and Wonderful (Wonderful) radish. And from the later varieties Lekar, Gaivoronskaya 27, Gaivoronskaya are suitable.

The names of the best varieties of root crops, their descriptions and photos

Black

The color of this root crop corresponds to the name. Compared to all other types, black radish is very sharp and bitter, its flesh is white, dense and fibrous. Bitterness is due to the high concentration of mustard essential oil.

For seeds to ripen, a two-year development cycle is required. The first year produces lush green tops on the surface and a rounded black fruit below the ground. The approximate weight is 200 g, but it can reach 2 kg. In the second year of life, the root crop produces an inflorescence about half a meter high and after a month the brownish seeds begin to ripen.

Despite the specific taste, the benefits when consumed are invaluable. Due to the rich content of vitamins, micro and macro elements, as well as essential oils, black radish helps in the treatment of coughs, arthritis, and also stimulates digestion and appetite. Among all varieties, it is considered the most useful.

Serpentine

Serpentine, or pod radish is quite rare in domestic gardens. Its peculiarity lies in the absence of an edible root vegetable. The pods grow on the plant's aerial shoots and have a strange curved shape. In the climate of Russia, they grow up to 12 cm. In their native habitat (on the island of Java, Ceylon, in India), the length of the fleshy fruit-pods reaches 60 cm, or even a meter.

This species tastes like a red radish, it has a sharpness, but not as pronounced as in the black variety. They are eaten fresh, boiled and pickled. Serpentine radish is rich in minerals, therefore it improves digestion, normalizes intestinal balance, strengthens the immune system. Due to its low calorie content, it belongs to the category of dietary products.

White (Daikon)

Japanese radish has elongated white fruits, reaching 60 cm in length and 10 cm in width. A rather unpretentious culture, therefore, it has become widespread far beyond the borders of the homeland. It is appreciated for its sweetish taste and complete absence of bitterness. Weighs from 500 g to 4 kg, but reaching the maximum size requires at least two months, regular feeding and abundant watering.

White radish is rich in:

  • vitamin C;
  • contains folic acid;
  • iodine;
  • beta carotene;
  • potassium other useful substances.

In addition to improving digestion, it has:

  1. antibacterial properties;
  2. strengthens the cardiovascular system;
  3. helps dissolve stones in the gallbladder and kidneys;
  4. lowers cholesterol levels.

Green

The composition of the green radish is close to black, but to taste for white. Uzbekistan is considered the birthplace of the plant. The root vegetable has a greenish color, the flesh is white, sometimes slightly greenish. The taste is slightly bitter, but mild. Rich in vitamins A and B, potassium salts and other elements necessary for the body, green radish has gained wide popularity among domestic gardeners.

Wild

A wild variety of the plant is an annual that is found throughout central Russia. It is considered a good honey plant, but in essence it is a weed. It has a powerful aerial shoot up to 70 cm in height and an underground rod rhizome. Has a yellow-white, and sometimes lilac inflorescence. The flowering period lasts from June to September, and the seeds, rich in mustard oil, are dangerous to herbivores.

Chinese

Chinese radish has other names - margelan and lobo. One- and two-year-old plant, belongs to the subspecies of the common black radish. The fruits are round and elongated, juicy and dense. The taste is quite rich, but not spicy, all its hybrids are consumed raw in salads.

As for the color, the root crop is:

  • pinkish;
  • white;
  • light green;
  • lilac purple;
  • dark green, only the top of the head remains bright green.

Reaches a weight of 500 g. The pulp has the same varied shades as the skin. Since the mustard oil content is much lower than that of the black species, people with liver and heart disease can consume it in moderation. It also has a rich composition. Thanks to vitamins A, B, C, E, H and useful trace elements, it is used as an antiseptic and sedative, to stimulate appetite and normalize the digestive tract.

Oilseed

One of the plant species that is not eaten, but is used to improve the structure of the soil, in the form of compost, and also to suppress weeds. This is a fairly high (up to 1.5 m) unpretentious crop growing on any type of soil. During growth, it not only remarkably loosens the soil, but promotes the accumulation of mineral components. A fairly hardy, fast-growing oilseed radish is able to remove even such a weed as wheatgrass from a personal plot.

Types of vegetables for different climatic zones

For the middle lane

As for the choice of seeds for different climatic zones, the following varieties are suitable for central Russia.

May summer

The crop is harvested 70-95 days after germination. Fruits of a cylindro-conical shape reach a mass of 130-150 g, the pulp is white, juicy, of medium sharpness. Resistant to unwanted blooms.

Summer Margelan

Early appearance with a cylindrical short root vegetable, reaching from 9 to 16 cm. The color of the peel is green with a white tip. The color of the pulp is light green, there is almost no pungency.

Winter round black

The period from germination to ripening is 70-95 days. The color of the peel is black, the shape of the fruit is round or cylindrical. The white pulp tastes spicy and sweet. Root weight - 500g. Withstands long-term storage in winter.

Winter round white

White fruit with a greenish tinge at the top. The shape is round, 7-8 cm in diameter. The flesh is rather sweet, juicy, starchy. Reaches a weight of 200-500 g.

Red winter and Loba

Also suitable for the middle band, they give some color variety. Red winter radish resembles a radish in shape and color, its weight is 150-200 g. Medium early, high-yielding culture, resistant to unfavorable conditions. The loba has a very juicy flesh with little or no bitterness. Refers to early ripening varieties (50-70 days). The shape of the fruit is oval, the color is green, the size is 16 cm in length and 12 in width, weight - up to 400 g.

The growing popularity of daikon is gaining. The middle lane is characterized by early and mid-season varieties, for example:

  • Japanese early;
  • Elephant fang;
  • Minovase;
  • Tokinashi;
  • Miyashige.

They all have a typical daikon shape, but differ in size. The root vegetables taste juicy and without bitterness.

Winter varieties should be dug out at the end of October.

For Siberia and the Urals

As for Siberia and the Urals, climatic features are taken into account. If a double harvest is planned, then early varieties are planted in early May., and for winter storage - until the end of June. Select a site with good lighting. Given the ripening time and whimsicality of crops, in addition to the already mentioned (Winter round black, Winter round white and Margelan) varieties, the following species are suitable for Siberia and the Urals.

Sudarushka

An early maturing culture with a round or oval fruit shape.

Munich Beer

Has a high taste. It is consumed fresh. Root crops are white, oval and oblong, reaching a weight of 300-400 g. Belongs to early maturing varieties.

Cylinder

Elongated shape, slightly pungent taste, weight - 300 g. Mid-season radish, has healing qualities.

Night

Mid-season, with black skin, spicy-sweet, weight - 250-250 g.

Gaivoronskaya

Many Siberian gardeners prefer this variety. It belongs to the late varieties, since the growing season is 110-120 days. Lies very well in winter. Fruits are white or slightly greenish, elongated with a sharp taste. It is not prone to flowering and gives high yields.

There are also very unusual varieties, for example, watermelon. It looks like a green radish, but inside it has a deep pink pulp.

What vegetable seeds to buy?

For apartment

Radish is rarely grown at home. For this, its close relative, radish, is more suitable. Varieties grow well on a window or balcony:

  1. Carmen;
  2. White Fang;
  3. Celeste F1.

The crop is harvested 40 days after planting. The main thing is not to exceed the temperature (18-20 degrees) much and ensure watering.

For open ground

All varieties suitable for central Russia are used for planting outdoors. In addition to them, it is worth mentioning the Odessa-5 variety. It has a lot of positive qualities: juicy tasty fruits with delicate pulp, ripens quickly, smooth white peel, suitable for both autumn consumption and winter storage.

For greenhouses

Radish is grown in film greenhouses and heated rooms. Daikon varieties are gaining popularity:

  • Mantangong;
  • Beauty Hart.

A distinctive a feature of such root vegetables are large size, rounded shape and reddish flesh.

Also suitable for greenhouses:

  1. Runder Weiser (early variety);
  2. Deno (large size and lush tops);
  3. Ostergus white;
  4. Munich greenhouse.

Wherein seedling and seedling methods are used... At high humidity and warm temperatures, the process of maturation and growth is significantly accelerated.

Where and for how much can you buy seed?

Modern gardening and horticultural shops provide their customers with a huge assortment of varietal and hybrid radish seeds, and qualified personnel will help you choose a crop that meets the buyer's requirements.

As for the residents of the capital and St. Petersburg, they are given the opportunity to place an order for the purchase of seeds without leaving their homes. Online shopping centers (SEMENAPOST, LEROY MERLIN, AGRO SOS, etc.) offer not only postage, but also urgent home delivery.

As for prices, it depends on what kind of purchase is planned. Retail and wholesale prices differ significantly. For example, a package of seeds weighing 1 kg costs from 1,500 to 4,000 rubles. It all depends on the variety and its characteristics. As for seeds for home gardening, the price of a bag of black radish seeds starts from 6 rubles and more, a standard bag of daikon seeds costs 16 rubles and more. So the purchase of a new variety does not cost much.

When choosing a radish variety and regardless of the cultivation method, planting dates must be observed. The correct planting time is one of the factors that ensure high yields.


Watch the video: CHEAP SEEDS VS EXPENSIVE SEEDS. which is the better choice? (August 2022).