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Everything about azaleas: characteristics, description, types and photos, benefits and harms, growing at home and other nuances

 Everything about azaleas: characteristics, description, types and photos, benefits and harms, growing at home and other nuances



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Azalea is one of the most beautiful indoor plants. With its charming and lush bloom, it brings a spring scent to the house during the winter cold.

But this flower is not only beautiful, but also very demanding for care and planting, so you need to know all the intricacies of growing a plant at home.

What it is?

Brief biological description

Azalea, in terms of its description and characteristics, is ranked among evergreen shrubs, the height of which varies from 50 to 150 cm. Its scientific name is Azalea. The flowering period depends on the plant variety. It is abundant and the flowers are large. They have different colors.

What does a houseplant look like?

The elliptical leaves of the plant are small. They are dark green in color, slightly shiny on top and very soft to the touch. Most often omitted. The flowers are tubular, funnel-shaped or flat. They are formed at the tops of last year's shoots. Flowers can be either one-color or two-color. The color can be very different.

Flowers are:

  1. Simple - have about 5-6 petals and 5 stamens.
  2. Terry - they have a different number of petals that can grow directly from the stamens.
  3. Flower in flower - 112 petals, as well as a bowl that forms the petals.

Certain plant varieties have a pleasant aroma.

The passport

Azalea belongs to the genus Rhododendrons and the Heather family... There are about 1000 species of this plant. Azalea is a small shrub that blooms in indoor conditions during the winter.

Country of origin

Its homelands are Japan and China. Under natural conditions, it is also found in North America, as well as in southern Europe.

Where does the name come from and what does it mean?

Azalea

Azaleas are called certain types of rhododendrons that are adapted for growing at home. The name of the flower is translated as "dry". It is related to the appearance of the plant, as it is a dry shrub.

Rhododendron

It was customary to refer to Rhododendrons all evergreen species of this plant that grew on the street. Only deciduous indoor species were called azaleas. The name is translated from Greek as "rosewood".

What else is it called?

There are also such plant names:

  • rhododendron;
  • english rose;
  • azalea;
  • pink tree.

What is the life span and can it be extended?

The flower can grow for 5-6 years. In order to extend the flowering period of a plant, the gardener must comply with conditions that rely on natural adaptations.

The lifespan depends on how the azalea goes through the change of seasons. She needs a rest period and also needs to be taken out into the cold sometimes. Azalea loves bright light, but it does not tolerate the sun very well. It should be kept in a bright, cool room. It can be a winter garden, a frost-free balcony or a greenhouse. If you follow these recommendations, you can extend the period of its flowering.

Benefit and harm

  • First of all, her appearance alone is able to cheer up a person. In addition, it is believed that people who grow azaleas rarely experience depression.
  • The plant purifies the air and brings a pleasant floral freshness to the room.
  • Also, the flower has medicinal properties. If a person has barley, then a plant petal must be attached to it, after which it will soon pass.

The harm of azalea is that its leaves cannot be eaten. If, nevertheless, a person ate a leaf, then his heart rhythm will be disturbed, and intestinal colic will also begin. Therefore, you need to make sure that children and pets do not eat its leaves.

It also tends to saturate the air with a strong and persistent aroma during flowering, which can cause a person to have a headache and allergies in the form of spots on the skin.

In addition, an invigorating and healing tea can be prepared from rhododendron. Read about how to do this correctly, as well as the benefits and dangers of the drink here.

Views and photos

It is customary to distinguish 2 main types of plants from which subspecies originate:

  1. Indian azalea - she has luxurious flowers in the form of a funnel, the size of which is 3.5 cm. The shoots are covered with bristles.
  2. Japanese - it is characterized by glossy leaves. The diameter of the flowers is 3 cm. It is a recognized national plant in Japan.

Further in the photo you can see what a rhododendron looks like in a pot in an apartment, what color it is, and also given a photo of a plant at home in full growth.





Where and for how much is it sold?

You can buy azalea in any region of Russia. It is sold in nurseries and garden shops. The cost can be very different. The price of one bush starts at 300 rubles.

How to choose when buying?

When buying a plant, you must follow the following guidelines:

  1. The plant should not be oversized or too small, as this can lead to adaptation and transport problems.
  2. The flower should not be flooded or dried. Necessarily with moistened soil.
  3. The flower needs to be shaken to check whether its leaves fall or not.
  4. Leaves should be free of insects and cobwebs.

Growing at home

Consider 3 common ways to plant azaleas, which have significant differences.

Saplings

Best suited for a plant that was recently purchased. Planting is carried out in the spring at the end of the flowering period. For this you need:

  1. Place the pot of azaleas in the water to keep the soil and root system moist. 20 minutes will be enough.
  2. After that, you need to get the flower out of the pot and use a knife to cut it into 2-3 pieces. You need to do this carefully so that the root system is not damaged. Whenever possible, it is best to untangle the woven roots with your hands.
  3. Without shaking off the soil from the roots, the plant must be immediately planted in a pre-prepared pot, in which there is a drainage layer.

Seeds

Not the easiest way, but also popular:

  1. Also held in spring... The seeds of the plant must be mixed with sand, after which they are ready for sowing on the surface of the soil.
  2. Crops need to be covered with foil... There should be high humidity inside, and the temperature should be between 23 and 25 degrees Celsius.
  3. After 3-4 weeks, the first shoots will be noticeable... After the leaves have appeared on them, they need to be opened. If the seedlings are 12 cm high, then they should be planted in separate pots.

Cuttings

Thanks to this planting method, after 2 years the gardener will be able to enjoy mature plants. The landing principle is as follows:

  1. Cuttings must be cut from the tops of last year's shoots.
  2. Rooting is carried out in greenhouse conditions. To do this, you need to deepen the cuttings by 2 cm into a light, loose substrate. Then they need to be watered moderately, and also sprayed with water. The greenhouse should be regularly ventilated. Temperature range - 25 degrees Celsius.
  3. When the cuttings have their own shoots, they can be taken from the greenhouse. Then plant the plants in pots.

Read more about the azalea root system and how to root the plant here.

For planting azaleas, it is very important to choose the right soil so that the flower, which is quite capricious in care, feels great both with normal breeding and when grown on a stem.

Care features

Lighting in an ordinary apartment should be diffused, light partial shade of northern or western window sills is allowed. In order for the plant to grow and develop normally, the room must maintain a temperature of 15-18 degrees Celsius. Water the azalea very often and abundantly. This must be done every day.

The frequency of watering depends on the level of humidity in the air. It is recommended to put pieces of ice on the surface of the soil, which will melt and thus saturate the substrate with moisture, as well as refresh the flower on summer days.

Periodically, it is necessary to dissolve a teaspoon of lemon juice in 2 liters of water, and then water the plant with this composition. With the arrival of autumn, the plant should be watered less often. When the flowering period begins again, it must again be carried out frequently and abundantly.

Azalea needs high humidity... Spraying of the plant should be carried out. It can also be placed on a pallet with wet pebbles.

As for feeding, in the summer and spring, it is carried out once a week. With the onset of winter cold, the plant needs to be fertilized once a month. As a top dressing, you should use a special mineral complex for Azalea. Any other formulations that are intended for flowering plants and do not contain chlorine are also suitable.

When the active growth of the plant begins, the gardener needs to shorten the shoots that have grown strongly. During the growing season, you need to pinch the tops, so that the azalea will not bush too much, and the flowering will be abundant. The transplant is carried out only when the plant has become cramped in the pot.

After flowering, the plant begins a dormant period that lasts 2 months.

We offer you to watch a video about the features of azalea care:

Blooming and what to do if it does not bloom?

The flowering period varies from 2 to 6 months. Lasts from December to March. It even happens in April. In most cases, it blooms very luxuriantly and profusely. Flowering may not occur for the following reasons:

  • The flower is kept in too warm conditions.
  • The soil does not receive the necessary nutrition.
  • The flower is in the open sun or in a too dark place.
  • No trimming or pinching has been done.

In this case, it is necessary to determine the reason for the lack of flowering and correct it.

Briefly about reproduction

This plant reproduces by stem cuttings. The best time for breeding is summer..

  1. Semi-lignified cuttings with buds must be planted in the ground.
  2. The emerging flower buds must be removed immediately.
  3. After a few months, the cuttings are planted in a pot.

We offer you to watch a video on how to breed azaleas:

Diseases and pests

  • If the azalea leaves turned yellow, began to fade and fall off, then this indicates improper watering or exposure to direct sunlight. To solve the problem, you need to follow the rules of watering, spray the plant and hide it from the sun.
  • If gray rot or rust appears, the temperature in the room should be corrected and any spoiled leaves of the plant should be removed.
  • An excess of moisture in the soil leads to late blight, which can cause the plant to die.

Pests that can harm azaleas:

  1. scabbards;
  2. strawberry and spider mites.

To solve the problem, you need to use special means with which the leaves of the plant are processed.

You can read more about pests and diseases of azaleas in a separate article.

What similar plants are there?

  • Daurian rhododendron - it has small leaves, and the branches are directed upward. It can be up to 2 m high. The flowers are funnel-shaped. They are pink-purple in color and are very large.
  • Canadian rhododendron - a low-growing shrub, the height of which does not exceed 1 m. It has very long leaves - up to 6 m. Flowers have a pink-purple color.
  • Gardenia jasmine - a very small bush, the height of which varies from 45 to 50 cm. The leaves are dark green, and the flowers are white and double. Has a very pleasant smell.

Inexperienced growers may confuse azaleas with other unusual plants. You can read about its similarities and differences and other colors in our material.

This flower can become the main decoration of any home, but for this you need to know everything about the specifics of growing azaleas at home. Otherwise, you will not be able to see the beautiful flowering of the plant.


Watch the video: Azalea Tour and Care (August 2022).