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The orchid is considered one of the most beautiful flowers. Every housewife dreams of having a healthy plant on her windowsill and pleasing the household with her appearance.
However, the orchid is very demanding to care for. It must be properly watered, fed and planted. For the last procedure, flower growers use children. Where cakes are formed, how long does it take to ripen, as well as answers to other questions, you will find below.
What is it and what it looks like: description and photo
Orchid babies are small processes on peduncles at the root collar or stem. Within six months, they grow and develop, let out leaves. Once the shoot is large, it is carefully detached from the mother tree and transplanted into a separate pot.
The photo shows what the orchid babies look like:
The role of "children"
Babies are one of the ways an orchid propagates. Thanks to them, a florist can easily plant a plant, having two or more instead of one.
Shoots use the main stem for some time to support life. When the roots begin to develop, the time comes for an independent existence in a separate pots.
Babies appear on flowers with increased nitrogen levels.
On what parts is it formed?
Shoots can appear in different places:
- on the peduncle;
- on new shoots;
- on the stem;
- at the root.
If the babies use the "mother" root system to stimulate growth, then the orchid will soon die.
How many pieces can be formed and are there 3s?
Experts note the appearance of one or two shoots. They can be located both in the middle of the peduncle and at the beginning.
Less commonly, there are three babies on one plant. Much depends on the conditions in which the orchid lives, and how soon it prepares to die.
How does it appear on the stem?
It is very easy to distinguish a new plant from an old one. The future orchid is formed from irregularities located on the stem - dormant buds.
If the flower has sprouted a shoot on the trunk, then first thin white shoots (sticks) begin to move away from the base. They grow in size over time. The buds gradually swell, from which leaves will appear in the future. The roots are the last to form.
In the first 10 days, it is difficult to determine what will develop from the swollen kidney. It is important to pay attention to the tip: if it is slightly pointed, then a flower will grow, if it is dull, a baby.
How long does it “mature” before separation?
A young plant must be close to the "mother" for at least 6 months. However, in each case, individual conditions should be taken into account:
- growth rate;
There are a number of main signs by which you can determine that the time has come for the child to start living independently:
- the roots of the branch are five cm and have at least three roots;
- five to six leaves have formed on the plant;
- the baby should be deep green (no rot and dry parts).
If you are not completely sure that it is time to plant the offspring of an orchid, it is better to postpone it. According to experts, the baby can develop on the main flower within 12 months.
When to wait for the appearance?
Seedlings usually appear in late spring and summer. They begin to form a month after the end of flowering, when the last buds fall.
In order for an orchid to produce offspring, it must have a powerful root system and large leaves. This will help support the basic life processes of both "mother" and "children".
Typically, mature orchids that are ready to breed have at least four large leaves.
Why can a flower not sprout?
Some plant species are not reproduced by babies. Sometimes new shoots do not develop due to improper care and growing conditions of the "mother" flower. There are a number of rules that experts advise to follow:
- the orchid should not touch cold windows;
- pots with a flower are best placed in a warm place where there are no drafts;
- the optimal temperature for growth and development is + 20-28 degrees Celsius;
- air humidity should be about 85%;
- in winter it is advisable to create additional lighting (at least 13 hours a day).
In the summer, you can place cans of water around the orchid, and in the cold season, cover the batteries with wet towels to maintain the desired indoor climate.
Step-by-step care instructions
If you decide to start breeding orchids, you need to study the factors affecting the formation of children, as well as the rules for caring for future plants.
If the process is missing
Shoots do not always grow on their own. Sometimes they need to be properly stimulated for the flower to multiply. There are several proven methods that even novice gardeners can use:
- cut the peduncle at a distance of 2 cm from the bud;
- put the pot on the balcony or windowsill (spring and summer);
- choose a warm place for the plant;
- applying cytokinin paste to the kidney (first you need to make a small scratch or remove dried scales);
- feeding with nitrogen every two weeks.
How to care when growing?
In order for a small plant to develop successfully, it is important to monitor the maintenance of comfortable living conditions for it:
- watering an adult orchid when the ground becomes dry;
- wipe the leaves from the underside at least three times a week;
- feed after flowering;
- refuse to use dry fertilizers.
It is necessary to apply feeding in 30-40 minutes after watering. The first time it is better to take half the dose, and then gradually increase it.
How to take?
Once a small plant has formed, it must be separated from the "mother" flower and transplant. It is important to make sure that the baby's roots are large enough to feed on their own.
If there is no doubt about this, you should take a sharp knife and cut off the shoot. It is best to treat damaged areas with crushed activated carbon, which will prevent infection.
The baby should be placed in an aqueous solution of potassium permanganate. A small orchid is planted in a pot with drainage. There is no need to tamp the soil. It is advisable to cover the roots with a special substrate.
You cannot cut off all the shoots at a time if the plant has several of them. Multiple damage can lead to the death of the flower. Children should be deposited as the wounds from previous cuts heal.
From the video you will learn how to properly plant an orchid baby on a peduncle:
How to grow roots?
Roots are the pride of an orchid and an indicator of its vitality. To activate their growth, you can use several types of solutions:
- honey with water;
- honey with aloe juice.
Experts advise using sphagnum moss to stimulate the root system after transplanting. To achieve the desired effect, it is important to follow the correct sequence of actions:
- soak the moss for 30 minutes, let it swell;
- install a support, fix the plant;
- spread the moss over the substrate;
- cover with foil (do not forget to ventilate);
- spray with water every day;
- use feeding once a week.
The first watering after transplanting is carried out no earlier than after 4-5 days.
How to accelerate the growth of the roots of an orchid baby on a peduncle, learn from this video:
FROMThe most common problem in orchid babies is the lack of roots. In such cases, it is recommended to stimulate their growth so that the process will take root better during transplantation.
The plant should be in a small pot for about 6-10 months, after which it is necessary to place the flower in a larger container.
What other problems can you face:
- frequent watering will lead to root rot;
- direct sunlight will cause yellow spots on the leaves;
- high humidity will lead to white bloom;
- poor ventilation causes blackening.
The orchid should not be overly patronized. Any care must be timely and within the required norm.
If all procedures are carried out correctly, a large beautiful flower will grow in 2-3 years. Orchid is a capricious plant. But with patience, you can get an amazing result in the form of a wonderful home greenhouse.