Fruit and Vegetables

Lemon graft


Question: seed lemon


in a vase I put some lemon pulp, which I had used for juices, and with great surprise was born a lemon plant. The map is now about 20/25 centimeters high. The question I ask you is this: WHAT DOES IT HAVE TO DO TO MAKE IT FRUITS? SHOULD I GET IT? AND IF YES HOW DO YOU PROCEED?

Lemon grafting: Answer: seed lemons


Dear Pierluigi,
lemons are among the fruit plants cultivated by man since ancient times; for this reason it is always and exclusively hybrids, which are propagated by cuttings or by grafting. A lemon plant produced from seed, and therefore wild, is destined to never flower and therefore not even to bear fruit.
You will have to forcibly engage it in a few years. First, place your seedling in a good rich and very well drained soil, and in a large pot (since it is a tiny newborn plant, I think a bell jar with a diameter of 20 or 25 is sufficient). Keep the vase in a well-lit area, with a few hours of sunshine a day; water when the ground is dry, and protect in case of very intense sun, and during the period of frost. From March to September, provide a citrus fertilizer, every 12-15 days, dissolved with the water of the waterings. Your plant will be grafted when its stem reaches a diameter of at least two or three centimeters, so you will have to cultivate it for a few years before you can do it, repotting it every time the container is too small. The graft of the lemon is carried out in late spring, practicing the graft which is called a crown. Proceed by cutting the stem of the plant that will carry the graft (or your little lemon), parallel to the ground, essentially all the branches are raised. At this point a single or cross cut is made, perpendicular to the ground, a few centimeters deep. Within this hollow we place the scions, that is the small twigs taken from the plant that we want to propagate, that is the lemon that will then bear flowers and fruits. You can get these slips from a farmer who grows lemons, or from a friend; for a private citizen it is difficult to get hold of the slips in any other way. The twigs must be prepared by removing the leaves in the lower part, and cutting them obliquely, so that they expose as much wood as possible to the air; the uncovered part is inserted into the cut on the rootstock, then sealed with pruning putty and the stem is tied with raffia, or thread for grafts, which will tighten the cuts, so that the scions remain in position.